Bronchitis is a condition that refers to inflamed and infected bronchial tubes which makes breathing difficult. The air passageways choke due to the infection which reduces the ability to draw air and oxygen, leading to further inflammation. Constant coughing, wheezing and chest tightening or pain can point at the presence of bronchitis.
HOW IS BRONCHITIS DIAGNOSED?
A pulmonology specialist can diagnose the condition with the help of an X ray as well as lab tests and pulmonary lung function tests. Also, in many cases a physical examination with a stethoscope helps in diagnosis.
HOW IS BRONCHITIS TREATED?
Treatment for bronchitis is based on the type, namely, acute and chronic. For acute bronchitis, pulmonologists may prescribe usage of a bronchodilator and/or cough syrup, apart from advice for rest and avoidance exposure to smoke and dust. In case of chronic bronchitis, pulmonologists prescribe pneumonia shots. Oxygen therapy may be needed for patients who have very low oxygen content in the blood.
DID YOU KNOW?
Pulmonary rehabilitation may be prescribed for chronic bronchitis.