Infectious diseases are caused by organisms like bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. They can also be transmitted by insect or animal bites. Contaminated food or water and unhygienic conditions can spread infectious diseases too.
An accurate diagnosis of the nature and severity of the disease is necessary for timely medical intervention. The course of treatment for the infectious disease depends on the nature of infection.
Antibiotics are prescribed for the treatment of bacterial infections, they are generally effective in the treatment of the associated infections. However, several infections are caused both by bacteria and virus, making diagnosis and treatment difficult. Certain types of bacteria have developed resistance to medication due to overuse of antibiotics. Altering the dosage or the composition of the medication works in such cases.
Topical antifungal medications are used in the treatment of fungal infections of the skin or the nail infections. Oral antifungal medication is prescribed for infections of the lung and mucous membranes. Medication for most of the viral infections is unavailable. Nevertheless, there are several infections including hepatitis B, C, and influenza that can be successfully treated by medication. Vaccinations are also effective in the prevention of a significant number of infectious diseases.
Food and dietary supplements including cranberry, echinacea, garlic, ginseng, goldenseal, vitamin C, vitamin D, and zinc are recommended to boost the immune system and provide the body with a natural shield against diseases. Severe infections may require hospitalizations and immediate medical intervention.
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