The gastrointestinal endoscopic mucosal resection treatmentis a procedure executed during colonoscopy, which helps thegastroenterologiststo remove large and flat polyps in the GI tract. These polyps are not possible to be removed through conventional methods during colonoscopy owing to their size. Before the invention of this technique, patients often had to undergo a bowel surgery to remove polyps. It has been estimated that about 1 in every 4 persons aged over 50 has polyps in their colon and if they are left undiagnosed and untreated, they can cause bowel cancer. Since most cancers in the bowel are caused from polyps, their removal through theEMR procedurecan greatly reduce the eventual occurrence of cancer. The newly developedEMR surgeryis a modification of the advanced polypectomy procedure and it helps in effective and safe removal of large and flat polyps, which are larger than 20mm. In the past, individuals having such colonic polyps had to undergo abdominal surgery for which they had to stay in the hospital, but the EMR treatment can be executed as a day process. In this treatment, a saline solution is injected beneath the polyp for lifting the mucosal or the upper layer of the bowel from the underlying deeper muscle. This injection helps in the creation of a cushion-like structure and as a result, the mucosa above can be safely removed without causing any risks or complications like bleeding or perforation.
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