Malaria is a very common infection spread by mosquitoes. It can be life threatening if not treated at the right time. The anopheles mosquito carries the Plasmodium parasite. Once the parasites are inside your body, they travel to the liver, where they mature. After several days, the mature parasites enter the bloodstream and begin to infect red blood cells. Within 48 to 72 hours, the parasites inside the red blood cells multiply, causing the infected cells to burst open. The most common symptoms of the disease are high fever accompanied with chills. Headache, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea are also common.
HOW IS MALARIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of malaria is based on the symptoms and a complete physical examination. The general physician may check for enlarged spleen and liver. Blood tests confirm diagnosis. Swelling of blood vessels of the brain, organ failure of kidney, liver and spleen, and low blood sugar are common complications of malaria.
HOW IS MALARIA TREATED?
Malaria is a life-threatening condition. Treatment for the disease is typically provided in a hospital. The doctor will prescribe medications based on the type of parasite. These parasites make many drugs ineffective. If this occurs, the doctor may need to use more than one medication or change medications altogether to treat the condition. Medical care, including fluids through a vein (IV) and other drugs and breathing (respiratory) support may be needed.
DID YOU KNOW?
A strict diet and complete rest should also be taken care of along with preventive measures.