Colorectal Cancer is a type of cancer that affects the colon and the rectum. It is caused due to the growth of abnormal cells that invade other parts of the body. Inflammatory bowel disease is a major cause of colorectal cancer. Symptoms of colorectal cancer may vary with the position of the tumour. Common symptoms are:
• Blood in stools
• Loss of appetite
• Weight loss
• Nausea or vomiting
• Rectal bleeding
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Regular screening is a must for people who have a family history of this disease, because the symptoms do not usually show up in time. The diagnosis will be done by an oncologist with the help of a colonoscopy or a sigmoidoscopy, which will be followed by a biopsy of the cancer growth and tissue retrieved from the site.
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER TREATED?
There are several ways to treat colorectal cancer, depending on its type and stage. The various ways to treat are:
• Surgery (the type of surgery will depend on whether it is for colon or rectal cancer)
• Radiation therapy
• Targeted therapy
DID YOU KNOW?
Colorectal Cancer is the 3rd leading cause of cancer in men in the U.S and the 4th leading for women.