The bacterium Haemophilus ducreyi causes the chancroid infection. It attacks the tissue and produces an open sore that's sometimes referred to as a chancroid or ulcer. The symptoms may vary in men and women, but typically they begin one day to several weeks after exposure. Men may notice a small, red bump on the genitals that may change to an open sore within a day or two. The ulcer may form on any area of the genitals, including the penis and scrotum. Women may develop four or more red bumps on the labia, between the labia and anus, or on the thighs. After the bumps become ulcerated or open, women may experience a burning or painful sensation during urination or bowel movements. The following symptoms can occur both in men and women:
1. The ulcers can vary in size and are usually anywhere from 1/8 to 2 inches across
2. The ulcers have a soft centre, that's gray to yellowish gray, with defined or sharp edges
3. The ulcers may bleed easily if touched
4. Pain may occur during sexual intercourse or while urinating
5. Swelling in the groin, which is where the lower abdomen and thigh meet, may occur
6. Swollen lymph nodes can break through the skin and lead to large abscesses, or collection of pus, that drain
HOW IS CHANCROID DIAGNOSED?
General Physicians may extract samples of the fluid that drains from the sores for laboratory testing. Additionally, lymph nodes in the groin may be tested for swelling and pain
HOW IS CHANCROID TREATED?
The treatment will mainly be carried out with the help of antibiotics prescribed by the general physician or surgeon. Also, in severe cases, the general surgeon may carry out surgery to remove the fluid by draining a particularly large abscess which may also cause extreme pain.
DID YOU KNOW?
Chancroid can be prevented by following some measures which include:
• limiting the number of sexual partners and practicing safe sex
• avoiding high-risk activities that may lead to getting chancroid or other sexually transmitted infections
• alerting all partners if you develop the condition so that they may be tested and treated as well