Pulmonology is a discipline which involves diseases and conditions affecting the lungs. Specialists having expertise in this field are called pulmonologists or pulmonary specialists. Deemed as a subspecialty of internal medicine, proficiency in the field requires sufficient knowledge of internal medicine and other subspecialties. The branch focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the respiratory system, including the lungs, upper airways, thoracic cavity and chest wall. When a complicated situation arises in the diagnosis of a respiratory condition, pulmonologists are consulted. Pulmonologists often take part in specialized pulmonary medicine practices and engage themselves in multidisciplinary group activity. They even serve as consultants to other practitioners in some cases. Having proficiency in respiratory disorders and complicated procedures such as mechanical ventilation, pulmonologists often act as overseers of intensive care units in hospitals. For effective treatment, pulmonologists require training in critical care medicine along with pulmonary medicine. This dual role has earned them the title ‘intensivists’. Pulmonologists are instrumental in treating structural, inflammatory, infectious and neoplastic disorders that affect the lung cavity, lung parenchyma, pleura and airways. Pulmonologists assist in the identification and prevention of occupational and environmental causes of pulmonary disorders. Disorders that are commonly addressed include asthma, chronic obstructive lung disorder (COPD), lung cancer, tuberculosis, cystic fibrosis etc. Some pulmonologists specialize on sleep disordered breathing (like sleep apnea) and mete out effective therapeutic and diagnostic treatment. Lybrate gives you the opportunity to get in touch with skilled pulmonologists in Giridih who will address your problems with care and precision. We use rigid screening procedures and firm guidelines in the selection of experts. Therefore, subscribe to Lybrate and seek the assistance of experts in Giridih. Some of the most efficient pulmonologists in Giridih are provided above.
A physician who possesses specialized knowledge and skill in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary conditions and diseases.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT PULMONOLOGIST?
A pulmonologist can be instrumental in treating lung cancer using either surgical or non-surgical methods.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF PULMONOLOGIST?
A pulmonologist offers polysomnography for the diagnosis of sleep disorder.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE PULMONOLOGIST FOR
A pulmonologist can also treat coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract resulting from inhaling a foreign body.
DID YOU KNOW?
The term pulmonology is derived from the Latin word 'pulmo' meaning lungs and from the Greek word 'logia'.
Are You at a Higher Risk of Developing TB?
TB is a major health problem in India, with nearly 12 lakh people getting diagnosed with the disease each year. The fact that more than one-third of the cases of TB remain undiagnosed, or are diagnosed but proper treatment is not opted for, makes it even more difficult to deal with the disease. Moreover, the TB bacilli, which causes the disease is present in its latent form in 40% Indians who possess a high risk of developing TB but do not exhibit any symptoms. Who are prone to TB? Although TB can affect people of any age or physical condition, some people are at a higher risk of developing the disease than others. People who are more prone to TB are: - Anyone with a weak immune system - Small children and elderly people - People suffering from diabetes or detected to be HIV positive - People who have been exposed to immunotherapy or have consumed steroids for a long time What is the classification of TB? TB is curable, but for correct treatment, it is necessary to diagnose the type of the disease correctly. TB can be broadly classified into the following types: General TB: In this type of TB, the bacilli show sensitivity to most drugs required for treating the disease. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB): In this form of the condition, the bacilli show resistance to two major drugs required for treatment of TB, Isoniazid, and Rifampicin. Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB): This type of TB is rarely observed and is caused by a bacilli which show resistance to most drugs including Isoniazid, Rifampicin, any fluoroquinolone and to at least one of three injectable second-line drug - Capreomycin, Kanamycin, and Amikacin. Moreover, TB is also classified in two other forms - primary and secondary. Primary TB is the form, which affects a person who hasn't been previously exposed to the infection; whereas secondary TB refers to the reactivation of the infection in a previously infected person due to decline in health and immune system. What are the treatment options available for TB? Treatment of TB involves intake of certain prescription drugs for about 6 to 9 months. It is strongly recommended that the treatment is continued till the end and the drugs are consumed exactly in the way suggested by the physician. If the intake of drugs is stopped before the requisite period, the condition may relapse; and if the medications are not consumed correctly, the bacteria might develop a resistance to the drugs. Treatment of MDR-TB and XDR-TB is a complicated process as any wrong step might prove to be fatal for the patient. It usually begins by conducting a drug-susceptibility test to identify the drugs to which the bacilli are resistant to. After the test results are revealed, the treatment plan is shaped accordingly and the patient is closely observed throughout the process. Moreover, treatment of drug-resistant TB always includes the use of directly observed therapy (DOT).