Cleidocranial dysplasia is a condition that primarily affects the development of the bones and teeth. It is a rare skeletal dysplasia characterised by short stature, distinctive facial features and narrow, sloping shoulders caused by defective or absent collarbones. Major symptoms may include the premature closing of the soft spot on the head, delayed closure of the space between the bones of the skull, narrow and abnormally shaped pelvic and pubic bones and deformations in the chest.
HOW IS CLEIDOCRANIAL DYSPLASIA DIAGNOSED?
Orthopedicians may conduct a physical examination and evaluate the various symptoms to diagnose the disease. Clinical diagnosis is done through radiological imaging for confirming the disease.
HOW IS CLEIDOCRANIAL DYSPLASIA TREATED?
The treatment will include surgical correction which can take place only after the child is at least five years of age. This method can help in preventing any further deformities. The skull defects can be corrected with the use of a craniofacial surgery, while femoral osteotomy can help in treating coxa vara.
DID YOU KNOW?
In some cases of Cleidocranial Dysplasia people are born without collar bones.