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Pregnant women face double the risk of miscarriage when exposed to non-ionizing radiation emitted from the laptop, smartphone and even bluetooth devices, as per a recent study. The study was conducted on 913 pregnant women over the age of 18 years and were made to wear a small magnetic-field monitoring device for 24 hours.
The increased risk of miscarriage associated with high magnetic fields was consistently observed regardless of the sources of high magnetic fields. After controlling for multiple other factors, women who were exposed to higher magnetic fields, showed 2.72 times the risk of miscarriage than those with lower magnetic fields exposure. The study was published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Diabetes can increase the incidence of kidney dysfunction is quite well known, but as per a recent study conducted kidney disease can also increase the risk of diabetes. Researchers from the Washington University in the US deduced that a likely culprit of the two-way relationship between kidney disease and diabetes is urea.
The findings, published in the journal Kidney International, are significant because urea levels can be lowered through medication and diet, for example, by eating less protein. These findings are of great help as they give a better understanding of the kidney disease, elevated levels of urea and the increased risk of diabetes in the body.
It may be tempting to let your kids stay up late playing games on their smartphones, but using digital devices before bed may contribute to sleep and nutrition problems in children, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
After surveying parents about their kids' technology and sleep habits, researchers found that using technology before bed was associated with less sleep, poorer sleep quality, more fatigue in the morning and -- in the children that watched TV or used their cell phones before bed -- higher body mass indexes (BMI).
Caitlyn Fuller, medical student, said the results -- published in the journal Global Pediatric Health -- may suggest a vicious cycle of technology use, poor sleep and rising BMIs.
"We saw technology before bed being associated with less sleep and higher BMIs," Fuller said. "We also saw this technology use being associated with more fatigue in the morning, which circling back, is another risk factor for higher BMIs. So we're seeing a loop pattern forming."
Previous research has found associations between more technology use and less sleep, more inattention, and higher BMIs in adolescents. But even though research shows that 40 percent of children have cell phones by fifth grade, the researchers said not as much was known about the effects of technology on a younger population.
Fuller said that because sleep is so critical to a child's development, she was interested in learning more about the connection between screen time right before bed and how well those children slept, as well as how it affected other aspects of their health.
The researchers asked the parents of 234 children between the ages of 8 and 17 years about their kids' sleep and technology habits. The parents provided information about their children's' technology habits, sleep patterns, nutrition and activity. The researchers also asked the parents to further specify whether their children were using cell phones, computers, video games or television during their technology time.
After analyzing the data, the researchers found several adverse effects associated with using different technologies right before bed.
"We found an association between higher BMIs and an increase in technology use, and also that children who reported more technology use at bedtime were associated with less sleep at night," Fuller said. "These children were also more likely to be tired in the morning, which is also a risk factor for higher BMIs."
Children who reported watching TV or playing video games before bed got an average of 30 minutes less sleep than those who did not, while kids who used their phone or a computer before bed averaged an hour less of sleep than those who did not.
There was also an association between using all four types of technology before bed and increased cell phone use at night, such as waking up to text someone, with watching TV resulting in the highest odds.
Fuller said the results support new recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about screen time for children. The AAP recommends that parents create boundaries around technology use, such as requiring their kids to put away their devices during meal times and keeping phones out of bedrooms at night.
Dr. Marsha Novick, associate professor of pediatrics and family and community medicine, said that while more research is needed to determine whether multiple devices at bedtime results in worse sleep than just one device, the study can help pediatricians talk to parents about the use of technology.
"Although there are many benefits to using technology, pediatricians may want to counsel parents about limiting technology for their kids, particularly at bedtime, to promote healthy childhood development and mental health," Novick said.
In order to provide tailored treatment choices to a maximum number of patients, researchers from Stanford University in the US have defined five new categories of mental illness that will cut across the current broad diagnoses of anxiety and depression.
The five categories are general anxiety, tension, anhedonia, melancholia and anxious arousal. These categories are primarily defined by their specific symptoms and areas of brain activation.
This step was taken, in order to provide guided treatment to millions of patients who suffer from these problems worldwide. In India, as per WHO the number of people who suffer from depression and anxiety is 5 and 3 Crore respectively.
Cyclone Ockhi, originated from the depression in the Bay of Bengal on 30 Nov 2017, which turned into a cyclone storm. Torrential rains in Kerala and Tamil Nadu has disrupted life in most of the places. So far, the cyclone has claimed a total of eight lives in Kerala and Tamil Nadu and 22 fishermen are still missing in Kanyakumari. The Govt. has set up 16 rehabilitation centers which are currently sheltering 1044 people. Cyclone Ockhi has intensified into a Severe Cyclone storm and presently, Lakshadweep is on high alert as the storm is likely to hit the region by 2 Dec.
Safety measures one should follow during cyclone
- Stay indoors.
- Turn off all electricity, gas and water and unplug all appliances.
- Fill buckets with water in case the water supply becomes restricted.
- Keep yourself fully covered by wearing sturdy clothing and shoes.
- Keep basic medical supplies ready, so as to address any minor cuts and bruises as they can turn into infections.
I met a road accident 2 years ago. I had a hairline fracture on my skull but from then I have not been able to smell things. I am not able to catch neither fragrance nor smell of various products.
Hi suffering from hair loss from long time. I have done hair transplant as well but again hair thinning happening. All blood reports are normal. I am taking prp now & suggested to take maintenance session for life time. Is it ok?
Hi, if I joint swimming today so how many days it take to increase my height and how height will gain by swimming and how much time it take at age of 18-20.
Diabetes and excess weight were behind nearly 6% of new cancer cases, around 8 lakhs, across the globe in 2012, as per a study.
Published Tuesday in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, the study analyzed 7,92,600 cases reported from 175 countries around the world. The study found that of the new cases in 18 kinds of cancer, 5,44,300 were attributable to high BMI, equivalent to 3.9 per cent of all cancers — nearly double that of the 2,80,100 cases attributable to diabetes (2 per cent).
Should it ring alarm bells for India?
The findings are important for India as, with an estimated 62 million diabetics, the country is widely considered the diabetes capital of the world.
Also, for India, the BMI obesity cut-off has been lowered from the global 25 kg/m2 to 22 kg/m2, given the proneness of Indians to truncal (abdominal) obesity, that increases the risk of various ailments.
On how to respond to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused, the World Health Organization has come up with clinical guidelines on the same. The guidelines mention recommendations for the healthcare providers who may directly receive a victim of sexual abuse or may identify sexual abuse during the course of diagnosis and treatment. These frontline healthcare providers include general practitioners, gynaecologists, paediatricians and nurses.
The short-term as well as long-term mental health impact, as highlighted by WHO, of sexual abuse on children are:
- Post-traumatic stress
- Eating disorders
- Problems with relationships
- Sleep disorder
- Suicidal behaviour
The new WHO guidelines focus on recommendations and good practice suggestions in terms of:
- Disclosure made by the child
- Obtaining medical history
- Conducting physical examinations and forensic investigations
- Documenting findings
- Offering preventive treatment for HIV post-exposure
- Pregnancy prevention, and other sexually transmitted diseases
- Psychological, mental health interventions among others