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great experience . Doctor garima is very helpful and supportive . She lights up your mood with the right advice always
I had very severe allergy in Nasal passage. Dr. Sharma's tips without a lot of medication helped me.
I found the answers provided by the Dr. Garima Sharma to be very helpful. Thanks
Dr. Garima Sharma provides answers that are very helpful. Thanks a lot doctor.
There are a few things like quality sleep, not stressing too much etc. that will help in keeping your heart in its best shape.
Lung cancer is a fatal disease and has in fact, put an end to the life of many people. Though completely preventing this fatal disease might not be possible but a few preventive measures can certainly lower your risk.
Check out the list below to reduce your risk of lung cancer
- Quit smoking - If you stop smoking before cancer develops, your damaged lung tissue gradually starts to repair itself. No matter what your age is or for how long you have smoked, quitting may lower your risk of lung cancer and help you live longer.
- Avoid second-hand smoke - Living with a smoker raises your chances of developing lung cancer by 20 to 30 percent. And, if you find anyone around you smoking, politely ask them not to. Or try limiting your exposure to areas where you know smoking is a common practice.
- Eat a healthy diet - A healthy diet with lots of fruits and vegetables may also help reduce your risk of lung cancer. Some evidences suggest that a diet high in fruits and vegetables may help protect against lung cancer in both smokers and non-smokers.
- Get yourself moving - Even moderate amounts of exercising can be of great help in preventing lung cancer. Studies suggest that even something as simple as gardening twice a week is associated with a lower risk of developing lung cancer.
- Avoid air pollution - Long-term exposure to air pollution and, in particular, particulate matter with absorbed polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and other genotoxic chemicals have been suspected to increase the risk for lung cancer. So, avoid air pollution as much as possible.
- Have green tea - Regular consumption of green tea has shown to prevent some of the damage to cells caused by smoking. And studies suggest that those who consume more green tea may have a lower risk of lung cancer. However, that best thing to do is simply quit smoking.
- Say no to alcohol - It is another important step that you must take towards preventing your risk of lung cancer. So, make sure you do not indulge in any such habits.
There are some common myths that tend to cloud people’s mind about cancer. These myths can be seriously misleading and turn out to be dangerous for your health. Busting them and knowing the real facts behind them may help lead to a better understanding of cancer.
Common myths on cancer include:
Myth: Cancer is contagious
Fact: Generally, cancer is not contagious, meaning that it does not spread from person to person. Under one situation that cancer can prove to be contagious is in the case of organ or tissue transplantation. However, that risk of this is quite low as doctors strictly avoid using organs or tissue from donors with a cancer history.
Myth: Eating sugar can worsen your cancer
Fact: Till date there has been no conclusive evidence which shows that eating sugar will make cancer grow or spread. Though, eating a diet high in sugar content may lead to weight gain. And weight gain, has been tied to an increased risk of developing cancer.
Myth: Surgery is a must for every cancer patient
Fact: Not every patient suffering from cancer will have to undergo surgery and nor it is an appropriate approach for every type of cancer. Though it may be the first line of treatment for some cancer patients, but may not be an ideal choice for others.
Myth: Cancer spreads if it is operated
Fact: With tremendous improvements in the medical sciences, the risk of such complications hardly exists. The surgeons make sure to use special methods and take the necessary steps to prevent cancer cells from spreading during biopsies or surgery to remove tumors.
Myth: Microwaving food in plastic containers releases harmful, cancer-causing substances
Fact: You must have heard of the term ‘microwave-safe’, this means that the plastic which has this feature is safe to be used in the microwave. But plastic containers not intended to be used in the microwave may melt and release chemicals into your food.
So, don’t let any of these myths leave you confused. If you have any kind of doubt in your mind, it is better to consult your doctor for further clarification.
Being overweight is known to be the second biggest cause of cancer, after smoking. Obesity is defined as a condition in which a person has unhealthy fat accumulated in his/her body. And, no doubt it is a home to various harmful diseases, cancer being one of them.
So, let’s understand how obesity can be the reason behind cancer. A lot of research has been done around this topic, though the reasons have still not been clearly understood but three major reasons have been identified, which are:
- Inflammation - If there are more fat cells in your body, specialised immune cells go to the area to remove dead and dying fat cells. They release chemicals called cytokines, which could cause inflammation. As a result of this, the cells start dividing faster, and eventually up your risk of suffering cancer.
- Sex hormones - In women after menopause, oestrogen made by fat cells may cause the cells to divide faster in the breasts and womb, which raises the risk of cell faults and cancer.
- Growth hormones - With excess fat in your body, your levels of insulin and other growth factors are likely to increase, due to which your cells may divide more often. In return, this raises the possibility that cells will change and become cancerous.
Which are the most common cancers among obese people?
Various research work has shown that many types of cancer are common among obese people including cancers of the breast (in women after the menopause), bowel, womb, oesophageal (food pipe), pancreatic, kidney, liver, upper stomach (gastric cardia), gallbladder, ovarian, thyroid, myeloma (a type of blood cancer), and meningioma (a type of brain tumour).
Now you know that obesity and cancer have a strong link, so if you are overweight you must definitely take measures to control your weight. By maintaining a healthy weight, you can cut a great amount of your risk of suffering from cancer.
When the development of your blood cells is disturbed it is then that blood cancer occurs. This does not let them work properly and the cells may grow out of control. As a result, your blood will not be able to perform the functions it normally does to keep you healthy, such as fighting infections etc.
Blood cancer affects three major components of the blood, namely white blood cells and marrow, the lymphocytes, and plasma. These are respectively known as leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. The most commonly affected are the white blood cells.
Symptoms for each of these types differ, and have been listed here:
Leukemia can be acute or chronic. In acute cases, the symptoms are more noticeable than the chronic ones. If the white blood cells are affected, then it causes the following:
- Shortness of breath
- Extreme tiredness and lack of energy
- Profuse sweating
- Increased susceptibility to infections
- Profuse bleeding during menstruation in women
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Headache and blurring of vision
- Bones and joint pain
- Chills and night sweats
A type of white blood cells, lymphocytes, help in fighting infections. Excessive growth of these leads to enlarged lymph nodes, which is often painless. However, other typical symptoms include:
- Severe coughing
- Swollen lymph nodes which are often generalized
- Severe weight loss, which is often unexplained
- Sudden chills and night sweats
- Extreme/severe fatigue, even with minimal activity
- Abdominal fullness
- Itching of the skin
This form of cancer affects the plasma, which are responsible for carrying the blood cells throughout the body. Multiple myeloma is the most common cancer in this group, and this is generally a chronic condition. Symptoms are atypical and include:
- Generalized weakness and fatigue
- Increased incidence of infections
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Pain in the back region
- Kidney issues, which can be indicative to look for myeloma
There are about 130+ varieties of blood cancer, but the above three are the most common ones. Once suspected, it is very easy to diagnose blood cancer with blood tests. If a person has a family history, then they should watch out for early symptoms, and should immediately seek medical assistance.
A shocking revelation that has left all of us deeply saddened - Sonali Bendre, one of the renowned actresses of the B-town recently revealed that she has been diagnosed with high-grade cancer. It was further updated that she is at present undergoing a cancer treatment in New York. No wonder, with the type of lifestyle that most of us are leading nowadays, cancer is fast turning into a new epidemic, with more and more people getting affected by it.
Know what is a High-grade cancer
A high-grade cancer is where the growth of the cells is abnormally fast and spreads quickly. Such cases of cancer require an aggressive and immediate treatment plan.
How cancer treatment differs on the basis of grade
The grade of cancer along with the age of the patient and the current state of health enables the doctor to decide upon the treatment plan.
What is Metastasis?
It is the process wherein, the malignant growth develops at a distance from the original site of the tumor. It develops when the cancerous cells break away from main tumour, enter the bloodstream or lymphatic system and spreads throughout the body. Metastasis is also known by different names, such as stage 4 cancer or advanced cancer. Further, any type of cancer can turn into metastasized stage based on its type and how fast growing it is.
Common cancer symptoms
- Change in bowel movement
- Blood in urine or stool
- Unexplained lumps in the body
- Delayed healing of sores
- Change in skin condition
Actress Sonali Bendre’s case is a warning sign for people as to why it’s time to stop playing with your health and stay focused on prevention rather than cure. Regular preventive health check-ups are the best way to lead a healthy life. Let's make the most of it and consult your doctor every six months.