Meckel's diverticulum is an outpouching or bulge in the lower part of the small intestine. The bulge is congenital (present at birth) and is a leftover of the umbilical cord. Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital defect of the gastrointestinal tract. It occurs in about 2-3 percent of the general population. It occurs in a fetus early in the pregnancy. Normally, the vitelline duct, which connects the growing fetus with the yolk sac, is absorbed into the fetus by the seventh week of the pregnancy. When the vitelline duct is not fully absorbed, a Meckel's diverticulum develops.
HOW IS MECKEL'S DIVERTICULUM DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the disease is done via a pertechnetate scan that is also called Meckel scan. In some cases and an USG may also be done.
HOW IS MECKEL'S DIVERTICULUM TREATED?
People who have Meckel’s Diverticulum with no symptoms will not need treatment. In others, a surgical removal of the diverticulum is considered. Iron therapy or blood transfusion may be needed in people who experience severe blood loss due to the intestinal bleeding.