Histoplasmosis is a disorder caused by breathing in of spores of fungus present in bird droppings and bat droppings. These spores usually become airborne during a cleanup operation. Soil contaminated with these spores can also spread the disease. Signs and symptoms occur after a period of 3- 17 days after the fungus enters the body. Symptoms are:
• Muscle pain
• Dry cough
• Chest discomfort
HOW IS HISTOPLASMOSIS DIAGNOSED?
Histoplasmosis is diagnosed by:
• Biopsy of the lung, skin, liver or bone marrow
• Blood or urine tests to detect histoplasmosis proteins or antibodies
• Cultures of the blood, urine or sputum
• Chest CT scan
• Chest x-ray
• Spinal tap to look for signs of infection in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
HOW IS HISTOPLASMOSIS TREATED?
A mild Histoplasmosis does not require treatment but a severe case of Histoplasmosis requires an oral antifungal medication and IV treatment.