Giardiasis is caused by Giardia Lamblia parasites that damages the small intestine. It forms cysts that are transmitted to humans in contaminated water or food and by person-to-person contact. Symptoms of giardiasis are variable, some people have no symptoms but still pass cysts in the stool and are considered carriers of the parasite while others may develop acute or chronic diarrhea illnesses that begin to show symptoms in one to two weeks after swallowing cysts.
HOW IS GIARDIASIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same would be done by a general physician who would do a stool or blood test to check the presence of the same.
HOW IS GIARDIASIS TREATED?
Treatment involves use of antiparasitic drugs but in most cases the condition will treat on its own. The common medications prescribed here include Metronidazole, Tinidazole, Nitazoxanide and Paromomycin.
DID YOU KNOW?
Pregnant women are advised not to take any medications to treat the condition until after delivery.