Meningitis is the acute inflammation of the membranes that protect the brain and the spinal cord. It is an infection caused by viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms. Certain drugs may cause it as well. The most common symptoms are high fever, headache, a stiff neck, sensitivity to light and sound, vomiting and altered consciousness or confusion. A rash may be present in certain cases. A lumbar puncture is the process used to diagnose the disease. Medications such as antibiotics and corticosteroids are used for treatment. Meningitis can prove to have permanent harmful consequences, if not treated quickly.
HOW IS MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
Vaccination is an effective preventive measure against some forms of meningitis.