Wilms tumor is also called nephroblastoma and this rare form happens in the kidneys and tends to affect children mostly. There is a chance that it would either affect one or both kidneys. Common symptoms in this reference include the patient experiences swelling in the stomach and heaviness that is accompanied with high fever and blood in the urine in some cases to.
HOW IS WILMS TUMOR DIAGNOSED?
The doctor or nurse will perform a physical exam and ask questions about child’s symptoms, family history and medical history. A physical examination may show an abdominal mass. High blood pressure may also be present. Tests include:
• Abdominal ultrasound
• Abdominal x-ray
• Chest x-ray
• Complete blood count (may show anemia)
• Creatinine clearance
• CT scan of the abdomen
• Intravenous pyelogram
HOW IS WILMS TUMOR TREATED?
Treatment for this illness includes the surgical removal of the tumor. However, in most cases the child would also have to undergo chemotherapy and radiation to ensure that the disease does not recur. Alongside, there is a possibility for kidney transplant depending on the spread of the cancer.
DID YOU KNOW?
The tumor may become quite large, but usually remains self-enclosed. Spread of the tumor to the lungs, liver, bone, or brain is the most worrisome complication. High blood pressure and kidney damage may occur as the result of the tumor or its treatment. Removal of Wilms tumor from both kidneys may affect kidney function.