Leukaemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood cells. This cancer starts in the bone marrow where it causes an abnormal increase in the production of white blood cells. Symptoms depend upon how much the cancer has spread. Usually you will notice a lump in your neck, groin or under your arm, frequent nosebleeds, fevers, night sweats, bone pain and unexplained weight loss with extreme fatigue.
HOW IS LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The health care practitioner will perform physical examination and ask for details of medical history to diagnose the condition. The doctor may recommend tests which include:
• Blood tests
• Bone marrow test
• Chest X-rays
• CT scan of the head, chest, and belly
• Lumbar puncture
• MRI of the brain
HOW IS LEUKEMIA TREATED?
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are used to treat Leukaemia. A stem cell transplant to replace the infected bone marrow is also used as a treatment for this cancer.
DID YOU KNOW?
The exact cause of leukemia is not known, but it is thought to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Leukemia cells have acquired mutations in their DNA that cause them to grow abnormally and lose functions of typical white blood cells.