MTP is Medical Termination of Pregnancy. It also called induced abortion. It is the medical way of getting rid of unwanted pregnancy. Any qualified gynecologist (MD/DGO) can perform MTP. Any gynecologist, who has obtained training in MTP, is allowed to perform this procedure. However, MTP should always be performed at a place recognized by government authorities.Medical Termination of Pregnancy treatment is legally permitted up to 20 weeks of gestation. Medical abortion procedure performed in first trimester is safer than in second trimester since it has fewer complications. It is illegal to perform MTP after determining sex of the child as Government of India has banned sex determination. Medical Termination of Pregnancy(MTP) is a procedure that is carried out under anesthesia & increases the risk for the procedure. Patient can have lot of bleeding during & after the procedure. There are high chances of patient having recurrent abortions. In some cases the patient may not conceive again if infection sets in.Medically speaking, what a Medical Termination of Pregnancy (abortion) involves is opening and dilating of the cervix to evacuate the uterus by suction. This process requires connection of the vagina to the uterus and therein lies the critical part. The vagina and particularly the mouth of vagina, could be carrying a number of bacteria. Therefore, the surgeon must be careful to clean the vagina very well because as the uterus is connected to the vagina during the process, there are fair chances of the bacteria traveling to the uterus and the fallopian tubes, causing undetected damage such as blockage of the tubes.