The structures within the ear are too small and therefore any complication within the interior structure is checked through ear micro surgery treatment using a microscope. The microscope helps in enlarging the ear structures adequately so that the surgeon can perform the delicate and fine jobs as needed. The ear surgery is often called by the name of “otomicrosurgery” as the Greek word, “oto” means ear. The ear operation is meant for correcting different types of hearing disabilities and for treating any injury, infection or disease of the auditory tube, middle or inner ear as well as the auditory or vestibular systems. It is most commonly done to correct conductive hearing disabilities, consistent infections in the inner parts of the ear, congenital ear defects, perforation of eardrums and tumors. It can be done on both minors and adults and surgery is the only treatment option when conservative medical options have failed. These days there are several kinds of plastic surgery performed on ears for correcting defective ear lobes, any injury or trauma on the outer part of the ear and enlargement of ear piercings. There are various types of ear micro surgery that includes stapedectomy, otosclerosis, tympanoplasty, ear tube surgery, surgery for the perforated ear drum, cochlear implants and surgery for reducing the inflammation of the middle or inner ear. Like all other surgeries, ear surgery also involves certain risks and complications and it entirely depends on the type of the surgery performed. But with the treatment, the result is an ear free from functional disabilities.