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Dr. Gaurav Daga

Personal Statement
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.

More about Dr. Gaurav Daga

Dr. Gaurav Daga is an experienced Nephrologist in Kamal Nagar, Mumbai. He is currently practising at Criti Care Multispeciality Hospital & Research Centre in Kamal Nagar, Mumbai. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Gaurav Daga on Lybrate.com.

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  • BHMS

    Kidney Stones, also known as Renal Calculi is a condition usually brought about by inadequate hydration and consumption of food high in calcium, but in most cases it a hereditary condition. The most commonly opted treatment option is surgery to remove the stones.

    If you do, surgical procedures are neither the answer, nor a plausible option for you. Besides being risky, surgery clearly isn't effective in bringing about an end to the condition on a permanent basis. Homeopathic remedies, on the other hand, are not only safe, they offer as little of side effects as possible.

    Homeopathic treatments of kidney stones are also proved to have been effective in most cases.

    What are the most common homeopathic alternatives to suppress kidney stone formation? Berberis Vulgaris is the most reputed homeopathic drug when it comes to diluting the stone in the kidney and also in reducing the chronic pain that is often associated with stones. It is also said to improve chances of mitigating periodic bouts of kidney stone formations. Berberis Vulgaris is effective for various kinds of kidney and renal stones. In addition to this drug.

    Sarsaparilla, Hydrangea, and Benzoic Acid also prove effective in the long run. Sustained practice of such Homeopathic remedies along with increased intake of fluids and adequate exercise go a long way to ensure cessation of kidney stone formation.

    3711 Thanks
  • DNB - Urology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS

    The bladder is a hollow storage organ that collects urine from the kidneys and stores it until it can be passed out of the body through the urethra during the process of micturition or urination. It has a thin inner lining of cells called urothelial cells and a thick muscular wall, which exerts pressure to push the urine out of the body.

    Causes of Bladder Tumors

    In most cases, the bladder tumor develops on the inner layer due to a combination of some of the following factors.

    1. Hereditary: A strong family history of cancer predisposes a person to cancer.
    2. Gender: Men are 3 times more prone for bladder cancer than women.
    3. Ethnicity: White people are more prone for bladder cancer black people.
    4. Smoking: Smokers develop bladder cancer 2-6 times more frequently than non-smokers. cigarettes contain toxic, carcinogenic substances which reach the kidney and are stored in the bladder, leading to their damage.
    5. Occupational hazards: Some workplaces have a higher likelihood of causing bladder cancers, especially dye and rubber industries. The effects can be damaging, and the person may develop cancers years after the exposure has happened.
    6. Recurrent bladder infections: In some people, this can also lead to bladder cancer in the long run.

    Types of Bladder Tumor

    Depending on the extent of the cancerous spread, it can be of two types:

    1. Non-muscle-invasive bladder tumors: The tumor spread is limited to the inner part of the bladder (urothelial cells)
    2. Muscle-invasive bladder tumor: The tumor has spread to the thick muscular outer layer. This is more advanced and prognosis is poor compared to the noninvasive type.

    The most common and diagnostic symptom of bladder cancer is the presence of blood in the urine, known as hematuria. This will be intermittent and happens whenever the tumor bleeding happens. Other symptoms include pain in the lower abdomen and frequent urination.


    From the most noninvasive to the most invasive diagnostic test, these include:

    1. Urine microscopy to detect cancer cells in the urine
    2. Cystoscopy A tube inserted into the urethra to look into the inner wall of the bladder is highly diagnostic
    3. Ultrasound, CT Scan, and biopsy can also be further used to identify severity of the tumor.


    Once the tumor is diagnosed, treatment would depend on the severity of the tumor. For both invasive and noninvasive tumors, definitive therapy is surgery, known as transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT). The cancerous bladder tissue is removed through a cystoscope as done for diagnosis. The bladder is then flushed with chemotherapy agent to kill any residual cancer cells in the bladder. This is then followed by BCG vaccine, which is again done 1 to 4 weeks for several months to avoid recurrence. In some cases, radiotherapy may also be included.

    2741 Thanks
  • DNB (Nephrology), DM - Nephrology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS

    Nephropathy is also known as renal disease. It is any type of damage or disease relating to the kidneys. Though not everyone with diabetes has nephropathy, however, diabetic nephropathy can cause kidney failure.

    How does diabetes affect the kidney?
    Kidneys are responsible for taking waste out from your blood. They have a lot of tiny blood vessels to do this. High blood sugar may kill such blood vessels. Once these blood vessels are destroyed, the kidneys may not function as well or it may even lead to kidney failure.

    What increases your risk of getting diabetic nephropathy?
    There are several factors which increase your risk of getting diabetic nephropathy including: \

    1. High blood pressure
    2. High cholesterol
    3. Smoking
    4. Being Native American, African American or of Hispanic origin, for whom risk factors have proved to be magnified
    5. If you have family history of diabetic nephropathy

    Symptoms and diagnosis:
    There are very few noticeable symptoms, which appear when you have diabetic nephropathy, except swelling in your arms and legs. The diagnosis is done by checking for a type of protein in your urine known as albumin, which is not supposed to be there. Getting the diagnosis done early is crucial.

    Preventive measures:
    You can prevent kidney damage by doing the following:

    1. Keeping your blood sugar levels under control - keep HbA1C < 6-7%
    2. Keeping your blood pressure under control in the range of 130/80
    3. Eating healthy food
    4. Exercising regularly
    5. Not eating too much protein
    6. Not eating too much salt
    7. Reducing smoke or excessive tobacco usage

    Medicines for treatment:
    If you do get diabetic nephropathy, here are some medicines, which can help cure it

    1. ACE inhibitors which are also called angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
    2. Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)

    Possible complications:

    1. Blood pressure may rise
    2. Triglyceride levels and cholesterol levels may rise.
    4895 Thanks
  • PG Diploma in Clinical Research, Diploma in Acupuncture, MBBS, College Of Physicians & Surgeons
    General Physician

    The general perception that hereditary diseases cannot be prevented is changing. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is one such hereditary condition. The kidneys are the body's detox machine, which remove all impurities and flush it out of the system through urine. PKD is a condition where there are multiple, fluid-filled cysts which develop in the kidneys. These can vary in size and though noncancerous, can grow to a very large extent, producing severe symptoms including extremely high blood pressures and kidney failure.

    In the recent past, however, there have been various theories that put forth how a modified and healthy lifestyle can prevent PKD. A child with a parent who suffers from PKD has 50% likelihood to develop the same. That cannot be prevented; however, changes can be made which can delay the onset and reduce the severity of symptoms of PKD, most notably high blood pressure and kidney failure which may require lifelong dialysis.

    Symptoms and complications: The most common symptoms include high blood pressure, kidney pain (behind the back above the buttocks), infections of the kidneys or the bladder, bloody urine, kidney failure, headache, bloated abdomen due to the fluid-filled cysts, frequent urination, and kidney stones. There could be impact on pregnancy plans, with high blood pressure complicating the pregnancy. This needs extra care in management and is not life-threatening in most cases.

    Prevention: The kidneys take the brunt of all the toxins that a body is subjected to. It is therefore, very important to reduce the exposure of body, especially kidneys to toxins. One of the best ways to keep the kidneys in good health is to control blood pressure. Some of the ways to do this include:

    1. Following a low-sodium diet with a good amount of hydration
    2. Reduce fat in the diet as much as possible
    3. Include a lot of berries, broccoli and apples
    4. Be diligent in taking your blood pressure medications as directed
    5. Ensure that your weight is within the prescribed limits for you
    6. Quit smoking and drinking
    7. At least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity should be included in your daily regimen

    Read up on symptoms of PKD and keep an eye on them. If you are having a bloated feeling or pain in the kidneys or blood in the urine, consult a doctor. If you are planning on having a baby, genetic counseling may be useful to see if there is a risk of passing on the genes to the baby. Keep a positive outlook and have a frank discussion with family and friends on your overall condition. So, as much as PKD is a hereditary disease, there are ways to manage it and improve the quality of life.

    4351 Thanks
  • Advanced Short Course Training in Kidney Transplantation, DM - Nephrology, MD - Nephrology , MBBS

    The presence of red blood cells in the urine is called hematuria. If there are sufficient red cells, the urine turns to a bright red, pink or cola shade. Frequently, the urine looks totally ordinary because there is insufficient blood to change the colour. In this situation, the condition is called 'microscopic' hematuria.

    The most common causes of hematuria are given below:

    1. Urinary tract infection (UTI)
    2. Kidney stones
    3. Tumours in the kidney or bladder
    4. Exercise: In this case, the blood is produced in the urine after strenuous activity. It is more commonly experienced by male patients.
    5. Injury: Traumatic damage to any part of the urinary tract, from the kidneys to the urethral opening, can cause hematuria.

    The symptoms of hematuria vary depending upon the condition. These are as follows:

    1. Glomerulonephritis: If the glomerulonephritis is not serious, it may not show any signs. If the symptoms do show up, they can cause swelling, particularly in the lower furthest points(the thighs, legs, feet, and toes), decreased urine, and hypertension.
    2. Kidney or bladder infection: Symptoms rely on the site of the diseaseand can even cause extreme pain on one side of the lower back, fever, chills, nausea with vomiting, and pain in the bladder.
    3. Prostate infection: There can be pain in the lower back or in the region between the scrotum and rearend. Pain with discharge, blood in the semen, andfever and chills can also occuronce in a while.
    4. Tumour in the kidney or bladder: Most kidney and bladder problems develop without bringing about any pain or uneasiness. At the point when side effects build up, abdomen pain may be persistent.
    5. Kidney stones: When a kidney stone gets attached to the ureters, it can bring about extreme pain in the back, side or crotch, with nausea and difficulties in urination.

    Based upon the suspected cause of hematuria, some of the treatments may include the following:

    1. Urine culture: In this test, a urine sample is extracted and examined to check whether bacteria has developed. This test is used to find a case of a kidney or bladder disease.
    2. Computed tomography (CT) of the kidneys, ureters and bladder: For most cases,a CT scan is conducted. This helps in viewing the internal organs and finding the areas that may have been affected by the condition. It also shows the extent of the damage and the spread of the disease so that a proper treatment plan may be laid out.
    3. Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to create images that can show whether or not a kidney mass is a non cancerous. This method can also be used to find out whether or not there are any kidney stones, which may be causing hematuria.
    4. Cystoscopy: In this test, the specialist embeds an adaptable telescope into the urethra and passes it into the bladder to investigate the bladder lining for tumours or different issues.
    4565 Thanks
  • Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS), MS, MBBS

    The presence of blood in urine is known as Hematuria. It is categorized under 2 types:

    1. Macroscopic haematuria, which means the patient has seen blood.
    2. Microscopic dipstick haematuria, which means blood is identified by urine microscopy or by dipstick testing either in association with other urological symptoms (symptomatic microscopic haematuria) or during a routine medical examination. It has been variably defined as 3 or more , 5 or more or 10 or more Red Blood Cells (RBCs) per high - power field.

    Urological and other Causes of Haematuria

    1. Cancer: Bladder, Kidney and Prostate Cancer
    2. Stones: Kidney, Ureteric
    3. Bladder Infections: Bacterial tuberculosis, infective urethritis Inflammation
    4. Interstitial Cystitis Trauma : Kidney, bladder, urethra, pelvic fracture causing urethral rupture
    5. Renal cystic disease: (e.g. medullary sponge kidney)
    6. Other urological causes: Benign prostatic hyperplasia, vascular malformations
    7. Other medical causes of haematuria: anticoagulation therapy (e.g. asprin, antiplatelet therapy) Nephrological Causes: more likely in children and young adults, proteinuria; red blood cell casts.
    8. Urological investigations: Urine culture, urine cytology, cystoscopy, renal ultrasonography and intravenous Urography and CT Urography.

    Management of haematuria depends on the cause as determined by the urologist.

    3680 Thanks
  • FICS - RPSLH - RPSLH, Fellow HPB Surgery & Liver Transplant (Singapore) , DNB (General Surgery), MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy), MS - General Surgery , MBBS

    Here are causes, symptoms, treatment of Gall Bladder Stones

    3460 Thanks
  • MBBS, M.S. (General Surgery), MBA (Healthcare), M.Ch - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery

    Urinary incontinence is a health condition in men, which causes loss of bladder control. Urinary incontinence usually occurs in cases of medical conditions such as an enlarged prostate, Parkinson's disease and diabetes, and may also occur after a prostate surgery. Urinary incontinence is an irritating and embarrassing condition, but with proper treatment, it can be cured.

    Here are several methods used to treat urinary incontinence:

    1. Caffeine, soda and carbonated drinks cause irritation in the bladder and worsen the symptoms of urinary incontinence. Alcohol is a diuretic and increases the amount of urine too. So abstain from coffee, alcohol and soft drinks to make a difference.
    2. Dietary adjustments are required for the treatment of urinary incontinence. Several spicy and acidic food items can make urinary incontinence worse. Hence, you should avoid having such foods for some time.
    3. Urinary incontinence can lead to stress and you must get rid of it for better health. You can try relaxation techniques, such as meditation and breathing exercises. Biofeedback is another option by which you can observe your bladder muscle contractions on a monitor.
    4. You should try a behavioral technique known as bladder training. This would require you to urinate every half hour, in spite of not having the urge. Slowly try to increase the time in between the bathroom breaks.
    5. You need to flex your muscles to gain control over urinary incontinence. Kegel exercises can be practiced as these boost the strength of your pelvic muscles. You should find the right muscles that are required to stop the passing of gas.
    6. Pads and disposable undergarments can be used by men. These help in preventing leaks and also protect the skin from irritation and odor.
    7. There are several medicines, which help in the treatment of urinary incontinence in men. Some of these work to relax muscles for preventing unwanted bladder contractions, while others help in blocking the nerve signals to the bladder. Drugs used for the shrinking of an enlarged prostate may also be used in some cases.

    Surgery is the ultimate option for the treatment of urinary incontinence. Options include a male sling for urinary incontinence. A type of material is wrapped around the urethra for compressing it. Leaks because of coughing, sneezing or laughing are prevented. Artificial sphincter implants may also be used for treatment of urinary incontinence. A cuff is used in order to close the urethra. Urine is released by squeezing the pump to open the cuff. A device similar to a pacemaker is used to stimulate nerves, which help in relaxing the bladder and pelvic floor.

    Urinary incontinence is a condition which causes reduced self confidence in men. But there are several ways to treat this condition which include home remedies as well as medications and surgery.

    4356 Thanks
  • MCH-Urology, M.S. (General Surgery) , MBBS

    If there is blood in your urine, it is a sign of renal illness. While this could be happening because of various reasons, it is advisable to see your doctor soon.

    Following are the causes of blood in your urine:

    1. An enlarged prostate - An enlarged prostate is a common cause of the appearance of blood in the urine in men who are in their middle ages or older. Enlargement of the prostate gland causes the urethra to be compressed. This prevents the urethra from getting fully emptied while urination.
    2. Cancer - A cancerous kidney, bladder or prostate gland can also cause blood to appear in the urine. It is another major cause of hematuria but usually occurs in older patients.
    3. Infection - Infections like urethritis, pyelonephritis, cystitis or infection in any other body organ along the urinary tract is one of the most common causes of hematuria. Such bacterial infection in the urethra can also infect the kidneys and the urinary bladder. It results in the urge to urinate frequently and also causes blood to appear in the urine.
    4. Kidney stones and bladder stones - Another reason that can cause blood to appear in the urine is the presence of stones in the kidney or bladder. These stones are crystallized minerals that are formed in the kidney or the bladder but fail to pass through the urinary tract. They cause blockage and pain and result in hematuria.
    5. Polycystic kidney disease - PKD is a kidney disorder in which cysts filled with fluid form in the kidneys and impair the kidneys, causing them to fail entirely at times. It is an inherited disease and causes blood to appear in the urine.In children who are between 6-10 years of age, kidney disorder after streptococcal glomerulonephritis can be a possible cause of hematuria.
    4209 Thanks
  • MD-Homeopathy, PGPC - Preventive Cardiology, BHMS

    Here are cause,symptoms and treatments of Kidney Stone

    3237 Thanks
  • MBA, PDCR, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), PGCRCDM

    Kidney failure and other kidney problems are the leading causes of death nowadays. Common problems that lead to kidney failure include chronic blood pressure and chronic uncontrolled diabetes. However, there are a number of ayurvedic medications which help solve kidney failure and other kidney problems including;

    1. Punarnava: Punarnava is commonly called hogweed as well but the medical name for it is boerhavia diffusa. It is extremely helpful in preventing micturition, a disorder which is characterized by unexplained fainting after urinating. However, that is not the only symptoms hogweed helps with as it also removes excess water from the body due to kidney failure.
    2. Varun: Varun is commonly known as caper and is medically known as crataeva nurvala. The diseases which varun is best at dealing with are urinary tract infections and renal stones. Varun also helps in stopping the swelling and extra fluid accumulation after kidney failure.
    3. Gokshura: Gokshura is known as tribulus terrestris and is an herbal tonic for the genito-urinary system. Gokshura is one of the best ways to avoid dialysis. This is because it stops infections from occurring and also clears obstructions in the urinary tract. It is also very good at regenerating the kidney cells.
    4. Raktachandan: Rakt chandan is known as p. Santalinus or red sandalwood and is another excellent remedy for kidney problems. It acts as both a diuretic and an anti-infectant.
    5. Palaash: Palaash, medically, is known as butea monosperma. It is a type of urinary alkalizer and it also stops micturition. A urinary alkalizer is a medication which allows the urine to pass more easily. This is yet another great remedy for kidney failure.
    6. Kaasni: Kaasni is commonly known as chicory but its medical name is cichorium intybus. Kaasni gives strength to the kidneys and is also a very good alkalizer. However, its most valuable property is the fact that it helps in nephritis and nephrotic syndrome (disorder of the kidneys characterized by protein loss).
    3554 Thanks
  • DNB (Urology), MS - General Surgery, MBBS

    Here are basic tips of Kidney Transplantation (Renal transplantation)

    3773 Thanks
  • M.Ch - Urology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS

    Urinary incontinence, commonly known as loss of bladder control can really cause embarrassment. The severity of this condition may range from once in a while leaky urine to the sudden and forceful urge to urinate, due to which you end up urinating before reaching the toilet.

    Types of Urinary Incontinence:

    1. Stress Incontinence: When you feel the urge to urinate due to sneezing, coughing, laughing or while doing physical exercise
    2. Urge Incontinence: When you feel the urge to urinate, suddenly. This may occur during the day and even at night.
    3. Functional Incontinence: When you cannot reach the toilet on time because of a physical or mental impairment.
    4. Mixed Incontinence: When you involuntarily urinate due to more than one incontinence

    Stress incontinence is the most common type in women. The activities which increase your risk, are:

    You have had more than one pregnancy and vaginal delivery.

    You have pelvic prolapse. This is when your bladder, urethra, or rectum slide into the vagina. Delivering a baby can cause nerve or tissue damage in the pelvic area. This can lead to pelvic prolapse months or years after delivery.

    Female urinary stress incontinence is the involuntary release of urine during any physical activity that puts pressure on your bladder. This potentially embarrassing condition differs from general incontinence in that it happens when the body is under immediate physical stress. Activities that can put stress on your bladder include coughing, sneezing, laughing, lifting heavy objects, or bending over. This condition is particular to women, many of whom experience symptoms after muscles have been weakened due to a vaginal childbirth, following menopause, or during pregnancy.

    Ensure that you consult a doctor:

    1. If this condition hinders your day to day activities
    2. If the urinary incontinence is the result of a serious underlying problem

    Causes of Urinary Incontinence:

    Urinary incontinence may be temporary or permanent. Causes for temporary incontinence are-

    1. Alcohol
    2. Caffeine and caffeinated drinks
    3. Decaffeinated tea or coffee
    4. Spicy and sugary foods
    5. High intake of Vitamin B or C
    6. Urinary tract infection (UTI)
    7. Constipation

    Causes for Permanent Incontinence are:

    1. Pregnancy
    2. Childbirth
    3. Old age
    4. Menopause
    5. Hysterectomy
    6. Prostate cancer
    7. Enlarged prostate
    8. Neurological disorders


    Chronic urinary incontinence can lead to certain complications like:

    1. Skin Problems: Skin rashes and infections can develop around the vaginal area, because of the constant wetness one feels. It may also cause sores.
    2. Urinary Tract Infections: Urinary incontinence can also result in UTI
    3. Impact on Personal and Social Life: Urinary incontinence can lead to great embarrassment, thus affecting the social and personal life of an individual.

    Treatment for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence:

    There are several types of treatment available. Treatment options include lifestyle changes, medications, nonsurgical treatments, and surgeries.

    1. Lifestyle Changes: Make regular trips to the restroom to reduce the chance of urine leakage. Drink fewer fluids and avoid activities such as jumping and running.
    2. Medications: Medications that reduce bladder contractions.
    3. Nonsurgical Treatments: Kegel exercises strengthen your pelvic muscles. Done regularly, these exercises can strengthen your muscles, allowing you to control when urine is released from your body.


    If other treatments fail, you will have to go for surgical treatment. Types of surgery include:

    1. injectable therapy, in which collagen is injected into your urethra to reduce incontinence
    2. tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) surgery, in which mesh is placed around the urethra to give it support
    3. vaginal sling surgery, in which a sling is placed around the urethra to support it
    4. anterior or para-vaginal vaginal repair surgery to repair a bladder that is bulging into the vaginal canal
    5. retropubic suspension surgery to move the bladder and urethra back into their normal positions

    Some doctors even try electrical stimulation and medication. When the condition is highly advanced interventional therapies and surgery is recommended.

    Some interventional therapies are:

    1. Bulking material injections
    2. Botulinum toxin Type-A
    3. Nerve stimulators
    4063 Thanks
  • Masters Degree of Homoeopathy, MD - Homeopathy

    Chronic kidney disease also known as chronic renal disease is a form of kidney disorder where renal function is progressively lost over a long period. This disease has got unspecific symptoms and includes loss of appetite, feeling unwell, etc. People with high blood pressure or diabetes are more likely to have CKD. This disease leads to other complications, such as cardiovascular disease, anaemia and pericarditis.

    Homeopathy is an ideal and effective form of treatment for chronic kidney diseases. Homeopathy is natural and tries to correct all the underlying causes of the condition. General symptoms and constitutional indications are considered in homeopathy before choosing the best medicine. Here is a list of several homeopathic medicines, which are used to treat chronic kidney diseases, along with the symptoms in case of which they are used.

    1. Apis mellifica: This homeopathic medicine is not used in acute forms of CKD. Symptoms of this type include oedematous swelling on the face, paleness, headaches, pain in the back and limb, oedema pulmonum, etc. It is used when there are dull aches in the kidney, reduced urination and micturition. The urine contains albumen in high levels and blood corpuscles. Eruption of the skin occurs, and the patient feels drowsy.
    2. Arsenicum: This medicine is used in all stages of CKD and is one of the best remedies. It is used in later stages of the disease when the patient's skin becomes pale, and he develops a waxen appearance, excess thirst and diarrhoea. The shade of the urine is dark and full of albumen. Dyspnoea attacks are also observed while lying down during the night. Taking aconite produces a mucus and the patient gets relief.
    3. Aurum muriaticum: This homeopathic medicine is used to cure renal diseases such as morbus brightii caused from a gout or from syphilis. Digestive and nervous problems are indicated along with great irritability. Vertigo may also be caused.
    4. Belladonna: Belladonna is the ideal homeopathic remedy for treating inflammation of the kidneys accompanied by piercing or burning pain in the lumbar region of the kidney. The pain reappears repeatedly with increased intensity each time.
    5. Cantharis: This homeopathic cure is used in nephritis. There is a cutting pain in the lumbar region, the urine contains blood and the flow is in the form of drops. Cantharis is used in post diphtheric kidney disorders with dropsy.
    6. Conavallaria: Conavallaria is used in case of nephritis occurring due to heart disorders. It is used when the heart functions irregularly and also in anasarca and ascites because of mitral insufficiency.

    Homeopathic medicines are very efficient for the  treatment of chronic kidney diseases. There are homeopathic cures for all types of renal diseases.

    4967 Thanks
  • MS - General Surgery, MBBS

    Infection caused in the kidneys, bladder, urethra or the ureters is known as urinary tract infection. According to doctors, women are generally more at risk of suffering from this condition than men.  

    Some of the causes which contribute to the development of this infection are:

    1. Invasion of bacteria: Like any other infection, one of the causes of urinary tract infection is the invasion of the bacteria Escherichia coli in the bladder. This type of bacteria is most commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract and is most often held responsible for urinary tract infection.
    2. Spreading of the bacteria from anus to urethra: The spread of the gastrointestinal bacteria from the anus to the urethra leads to the infection of the urethra thereby causing urinary tract infection. 

    Some of the symptoms of urinary tract infection are:

    1. A nagging urge to urinate: One of the most predominant symptoms of urinary tract infection is a persistent, nagging urge to urinate. You would know your urinary tract is infected when you feel the urgency to urinate extremely frequently.
    2. There is a burning sensation when you urinate: The symptoms of urinary infection are extremely visible and are felt intensely by the one suffering from it. If you feel a burning sensation while urinating, chances are extremely high that you are suffering from urinary tract infection.
    3. Red colored urine: Sometimes your urine may contain perceptible amount of blood in them. In most cases, presence of blood in urine is a definite sign of urinary tract infection.
    4. Foul smelled urine: An internal infection in the urinary tract manifests itself in different ways. One of the chief symptoms of this infection is discharging foul smelling urine.
    5. Pain in the pelvic area: Women who suffer from urinary tract infection experience excruciating pain near the pelvic area, sometimes extending to the pubic bone.
    4758 Thanks
  • MS - General Surgery, MBBS

    A problem pertaining to the storage function of the bladder that results in bouts of sudden, often uncontrollable urge to urinate is referred to as an overactive bladder. This condition which is marked by unconditioned or involuntary loss of urine can sometimes be quite difficult to stop. People who experience such a condition often feel humiliated and as such tend to limit their social and work life. Despite such, only a few are conscious that a brief evaluation can help them manage and overcome an overactive bladder.

    Mechanism of Urination

    During urination, the urine proceeds from the bladder and flows into the urethra which is located at the tip of the penis in men and above the vagina in women. As the bladder fills, the nerve signals in the brain prompts urination by coordinating the relaxation and contraction of the urinary sphincter muscles.

    Causes and Symptoms of an Overactive Bladder

    Primarily caused due to involuntary contraction and relaxation of sphincter muscles, several conditions can lead to overactive bladder. 

    Some of them are: 
    1. Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's and other neurological disorders
    2. Poor kidney function due to diabetes
    3. Medications that lead to increased production of urine
    4. Bladder abnormalities like tumors or stones
    5. Constipation
    6. Excessive consumption of caffeine or alcohol

    Some of the common signs of an overactive bladder are:
    1. Bouts of sudden, uncontrollable urge to urinate
    2. Awakening at night frequently to urinate
    3. Urinating more than eight times a day

    The risk of an overactive bladder gradually increases with age. Conditions, such as diabetes and an enlarged prostate results in the increased likelihood of an overactive bladder. People who have previously faced strokes and heart attacks experience cognitive decline, which often times lead to the development of an overactive bladder.

    Urinary incontinence as well as a host of associated factors can be detrimental to your life. Emotional distress, interrupted sleep cycles and depression are some of the observed complications of this condition.

    Thus if you experience or entertain suspicion of an overactive bladder, you should consider visiting a general physician who might refer you to a specialist, if need be.

    4578 Thanks
  • Partners in Health
    Multi Speciality

    A kidney stone is like a small rock that forms in the kidney. Stones form when certain chemicals in the body clump together. A stone can either stay in the kidney or travel through the urinary system by passing though the urine and not causing any harm.

    What are the symptoms?

    Very small stones might pass through the urinary system without causing much pain. Larger stones can block the flow of urine if they get stuck in the ureters or urethra. Kidney stones do not usually cause any symptoms until they start to pass. Some symptoms might include:

    • Extreme pain in your back or side that will not go away

    • Nausea

    • Blood in your urine

    • Fever and chills

    Who are at risk ?

    Anyone can have a kidney stone, but it may be more likely if you:

    • Are male and are overweight

    • Have had kidney infections

    • Have a family member with kidney stones

    • Have had kidney stones before

    • Eat a lot of animal protein (such as meat and eggs)

    • Do not drink enough liquids

    • Have certain medicines which can cause kidney stones

    How are kidney stones treated?

    Treatment depends on the location and size of the kidney stone. Drinking plenty of water and taking some medicines can help a small stone to pass more easily. For problem stones, there may be a few options:

    • Lithotripsy uses shock waves to break a large stone into smaller pieces that can pass.

    • Ureteroscopic Stone Removal uses a small tool to get and remove stones stuck in the ureters.

    • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy uses surgery to remove large stones from the kidneys.

    Depending on the location of the kidney stone and many other factors the doctor decides on the most suitable procedure.

    How can I prevent kidney stones?

    If you have had kidney stones before, you are more likely to have kidney stones again. To help keep stones from forming, try to:

    • Drink 10 to 12 glasses of water each day

    • Eat less salt (sodium), meat and eggs

    • Find out what type of stone you have

    • Ask your doctor for a urine test

    • Talk to your doctor about your medicines and other tests for kidney stones

    Do NOT reduce the calcium in your diet without talking to your doctor first! Studies show that limiting calcium in your diet may not stop kidney stones from forming and may harm your bones.

    4150 Thanks
  • Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, B.Pharma

    Kidney stones could be a cause for worry by the time they are not removed causing incessant and regular pains and disrupting normal life. The task is not finished even if you get them removed because what follows is a rigorous and disciplined routine that you must follow to maintain your health after the surgery is done. Diet plays a crucial role in negating the possibility of yet another stone accumulation. Here are a few diet tips that would be handy if you have got a kidney stones removal surgery done. 

    1. To stay hydrated is the golden rule that you must abide by at all costs. It is advisable to drink at least 2-3 litres of water on a daily basis. Water prevents the formation of stones and would also help to eliminate any remaining residues of kidney stones existing in the system.
    2. Dairy products could be included but in diluted form. 
    3. A fixed dietary routine is mandatory above all. The patient should be given meals at proper time intervals in small proportions. Heavy meals should be avoided at all costs. 
    4. Foods rich in high fibre should be included in the diet. They help in bowel movement also. These include whole grain breads and beans. 

     1. Foods rich in oxalates and calcium should be kept at bay for at least a period of two months after the stone removal procedure is complete. Oxalates can lead to the formation of yet another stone which is far from desirable. The foods that fall in this category include:

    • Green leafy vegetables like spinach, mustard and beet greens
    • Cabbage, cauliflower, tomatoes
    • Banana, mango, apricot, grapes
    • Nuts like almond and cashew
    • Alcohol
    • Soft drinks
    • Soda
    • Caffeinated drinks like tea and coffee 

    2. Foods rich in sodium should be kept at bay for at least some time immediately after the surgery. 
    3. Reducing the food intake that is high on animal protein. 
    4. Do not eat stale food. 

    5. Junk food should not even cross your mind. It is something which should be avoided for best results. 
    These are generic guidelines that would help you to cope with post surgery care. However, there could be specific requirements depending from patient to patient. Therefore, it is advisable to get the guidelines by a doctor who will take into account the specificities of the case. Diet along with exercise is in most cases, the most effective combat to kidney stones. The trick however, is to not go overboard with either of them.

    4335 Thanks
  • Fellowship in Andrology, DNB-Urology , MS - General Surgery, MBBS

    The pair of kidneys that human beings have, forms an important part in the excretory system. They perform specific and important functions. They excrete urine as well as help in eliminating the toxins, which accumulate in the body. Kidney stones occur when the minerals present in the urine without being discharged, keep on accumulating. This gives rise to an extremely painful and uncomfortable situation. Though sometimes the situation gets revoked all by itself, many a times it requires medical intervention. 

    Some of the symptoms of kidney stones are

    1. Excruciating pain in the back
    2. Pain while urinating
    3. Tendencies to vomit
    4. Dizziness
    5. Fever 

    However, there are several preventive measures which you can undertake in order to avert the situation. Some of them are:

    1. Drink lots of water: Kidney stone is one of those rare conditions that once occurred, always carry the latent threat of recurring again. Therefore, drinking water in large quantities becomes essential. The more you drink water, the more frequently you would urinate, thereby curbing the chances of the minerals settling in the kidneys.
    2. Avoid certain foods: Food like beets, spinach, those which are replete with calcium oxalate should be avoided in order to minimize chances of having kidney stones.
    3. Change your diet: If you are trying to avoid the eventuality of developing kidney stones, it is imperative that you change your diet a bit. It is recommended that you exclude animal protein as much as possible and assiduously avoid the intake of salt as much as possible.
    4. Take less calcium supplements: Calcium generally is considered a nemesis to your kidneys and is prescribed by doctors to be avoided. However recent research has thwarted this claim. Calcium does not pose a threat to kidneys. However calcium supplements definitely do and therefore, should be avoided.
    3233 Thanks
  • DNB (Nephrology), MD, MBBS

    The medical term used for kidney disease is Nephrosis and it is seldom also known as the nephritic syndrome. There are a lot of likely causes for this condition and it is detected by carrying out urine test. The treatment for Nephrosis is a long term treatment and done mainly to prevent kidney failure. The kidney disease is very painful and occurs in people of all age groups. It is very important for people who are new to kidney disease that they know about the nine things they should do to stay strong.

    Important information on kidney disease:

    1. The feeling of helplessness on occurrence of kidney disease can be overcome by educating yourself. Individuals should learn everything about kidney disease and can gain vital information even from the Internet.
    2. It is very obligatory that the advice of the doctor be followed by an individual suffering from Kidney disease. It is not indispensable that the kidney disease always leads to failure of kidney and to keep your kidney healthy and stay away from any damage, it is necessary to comply with the orders of the Doctor.
    3. It is very important that you stick to a diet, which would keep you healthy and protect your kidneys from any further damage. You should be mindful on everything you eat and you can gain assistance on your diet from a renal dietitian.
    4. When you suffer from chronic kidney disease, the blood values become very important to gauge the condition of your disease and whether it is getting worse or stable. From time to time, the healthcare provider would check your urine and blood regularly and he would also monitor your blood pressure and blood sugar.
    5. You can ask help from the support group and accept their assistance. Your family is your best support system in times of need and so involving them is very important.
    6. You must make sure that you are getting the proper care you need and you need to educate yourself by communicating as well as asking questions.
    7. You can feel much better by being active, so do things that make you happy. You can exercise regularly, but after taking advice from your doctor. Your main focus must be to keep your heart healthy.
    8. A positive attitude is anytime helpful in healing a disease. You can listen to music that entertains your mind and helps you stay positive.
    9. It is not difficult to stay healthy even with kidney disease, as a positive feeling would eventually help face the kidney disease. You must plan ahead and be ready for kidney transplant without getting worried.

    Most importantly, spread awareness and help people tackle the situation without any difficulty.

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