Syncope is a transient loss of consciousness caused by transient global cerebral hypoperfusion characterised by rapid onset, short duration and spontaneous complete recovery.The term syncope excludes seizures, coma, shock or other states of altered consciousness.Patients presenting with a history of blackouts, faints or collapse need careful evaluation to assess the precise nature of the problem. This is essential so as to assess both the risk of a serious underlying disorder and also the risk of recurrence and subsequent injury
HOW IS SYNCOPE DIAGNOSED?
Transient loss of consciousness is usually due to syncope. Other possible causes are
Dizziness or vertigo without loss of consciousness.
Transient ischaemic attacks/stroke.
HOW IS SYNCOPE TREATED?
A general physician would give low blood pressure medicines only if the patient has persistently lower pressure. However, in other cases, giving salt and sugar water or similar forms of electrolytes helps to revive the strength of the patient. A few hours or day of bed rest may also be suggested as a caution.
DID YOU KNOW?
Syncope is a mechanism used by the brain to help us survive. If brain blood and oxygen levels drop considerably the brain immediately shuts down all other non-vital parts of the body so that resources can focus primarily on vital organs.