Retinopathy of prematurity also known as ROP and Terry syndrome is an eye disorder that affects babies that are born prematurely or babies which have been in intensive neonatal care in which oxygen therapy has been used due to the lungs not being fully developed. In this disorder the blood vessels in the retina are not fully or properly developed due to the early birth or before 31 weeks.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologists perform specialized tests to diagnose ROP in infants. ROP screening does not begin until the infant is four to nine weeks old. The International classification of ROP divides the ROP into 5 stages. Stages 1 and 2 do not cause blindness, while other stages may lead to blindness if left untreated.
Ophthalmologists perform eye check up after dilating eye drops are administered
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
There are different approaches to treating this issue and Peripheral retinal ablation is the most common one. Certain other kinds of surgeries that are done here include Scleral buckling and/or vitrectomy surgery. Besides this, the child may also be given oral medicines like propranolol.
DID YOU KNOW?
This disease was first described in a premature baby in 1942. Between 1941–1953, over 12,000 babies worldwide were affected by it. Soul musician Stevie Wonder, actor Tom Sullivan, and jazz singer Diane Schuur are a few famous people who have the disease.