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Renal Agenesis is a rare condition in which a baby is missing one or both the kidneys at birth. Unilateral Renal Agenesis represents the absence of one kidney, while bilateral Renal Agenesis represents that both kidneys are missing. Symptoms are:
• Widely separated eyes and skin fold over the upper eyelids
• Low set ears
• Nose that is pressed flat and broad
• Receding chin
• Limb defects
• High blood pressure
• Reduced glomerular filtering rate
• Welling in face and hands
• Foamy urine
• Bloody urine
HOW IS RENAL AGENESIS DIAGNOSED?
Renal agenesis is detected during routine prenatal ultrasounds. When BRA is identified, prenatal MRI is used to confirm the complete absence of both kidneys.
HOW IS RENAL AGENESIS TREATED?
The absence of both kidneys is fatal and babies would die within the first few days. When a single kidney is present the functioning of this kidney and whether or not other complications are present would determine treatment options. Annual blood, urine and pressure tests would be advised to ensure no further complications develop.
DID YOU KNOW?
Newborns affected with BRA typically have distinct features that include:
• widely separated eyes with skin folds over the upper eyelids
• ears that are set low
• a nose that is pressed flat and broad
• a receding chin
• limb defects