A pilonidal sinus (PNS) is a small cyst or abscess that occurs in the cleft at the top of the buttocks. A PNS usually contains hair, dirt, and debris. It can cause severe pain and can often become infected. If it becomes infected, it may ooze pus and blood and have a foul odor. A PNS is a condition that mostly affects men and is also common in young adults. The signs of infection include:
• Pain when sitting or standing
• Swelling of the cyst
• Reddened, sore skin around the area
• Pus or blood draining from the abscess, causing a foul odor
• Hair protruding from the lesion
• Formation of more than one sinus tract, or holes in the skin
You may also experience a low-grade fever, but this is much less common
HOW IS PILONIDAL SINUS DIAGNOSED?
You will need to visit the General Practitioner to make a diagnosis of the condition as soon as you notice the symptoms. Usually the doctor will be able to make an assessment through physical examination that the condition is indeed Pilonidal Sinus only and recommend the appropriate treatment.
HOW IS PILONIDAL SINUS TREATED?
In mild conditions, the doctor may just drain the pus and dress the area and the healing may occur over a few weeks. But if the condition is severe and the sinus spread over the region then only a surgical removal of the cyst can be helpful. Even this will take 7-8 weeks to heal completely.
DID YOU KNOW?
Usually this problem tends to heighten around puberty and teen years.