Periodic limb movement disorder is also called PLMD and it is a kind of problem that usually happens when you sleep. In this disorder, there are not real symptoms but one does experience repetitive cramping or jerking while asleep. It is also called as periodic leg (or limb) because the movements happen during sleep. Causes of the same range from iron deficiency to diabetes.
HOW IS PERIODIC LIMB MOVEMENT DISORDER DIAGNOSED?
A Pediatric diagnoses Periodic Limb Movement Disorder by conducting a polysomnography test, also called a sleep study. This test is done overnight in the laboratory while the patient sleeps and this test records the heart rate, brain wave, and oxygen levels in the blood.
HOW IS PERIODIC LIMB MOVEMENT DISORDER TREATED?
Treatment does not cure the disorder but usually relieves symptoms. Treatment involves medication that either reduces the movements or helps the person sleep through the movements. Therapy does not cure PLMD but relieves symptoms. Many of the medications used to treat PLMD are the same as those used to treat restless legs syndrome. Generally, there are several classes of drugs that are used to treat PLMD. These include dopamine agonist, anticonvulsant medications, benzodiazepines, and narcotics. Current treatment recommendations consider the dopamine agonist as a first line of defense. Medical treatment of PLMD often significantly reduces or eliminates the symptoms of these disorders. There is no cure for PLMD and medical treatment must be continued to provide relief.
DID YOU KNOW?
Medication given for Periodic Limb Movement Disorder is similar to that prescribed for Parkinson’s disease