Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive disorder that affects the movement of limbs and the body. The condition affects the nerve cells in the brain that produce dopamine.As PD progresses, the amount of dopamine produced in the brain decreases, leaving a person unable to control movement normally. The disease is characterized by tremors of hands, arms, legs, jaw and face. There is slowness in movement which tends to get worse with time along with rigidity or stiffness in muscles. There is also impaired balance and coordination.
HOW IS PARKINSON'S DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician/Neurologist diagnoses Parkinson’s Disease by conducting a physical and neurological exam and often the doctor conducts CT scan and MRI to rule out other conditions.
HOW IS PARKINSON'S DISEASE TREATED?
There are some drugs, which are known to boost the functions of the brain and fight the issue of Carbidopa-levodopa and even Carbidopa-levodopa infusion. Alongside these, the patient can also be given dopamine agonists to combat the issue. Physiotherapy along with other mental exercises are also given. Surgery happens in rare cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though this disease can be controlled, there is actually no evident cure for it and Parkinson’s eventually leads to death.