The formation of crystal aggregates in the urinary tract results in kidney stones, the clinical condition referred to as nephrolithiasis. Kidney stones might produce no symptoms or may be associated with one or several of the following: flank pain, gross or microscopic hematuria, obstruction of one or both kidneys, and urinary infections. The stones are usually formed by one of four substances: calcium, uric acid, magnesium ammonium phosphates (or struvite), or cystine.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS DIAGNOSED?
A Nephrologists/General Physician diagnoses Nephrolithiasis by conducting a blood test and urine test to monitor the condition of the kidneys. Also, the doctor may also conduct imaging tests such as CT scan.
HOW IS NEPHROLITHIASIS TREATED?
In most cases, treatment involves giving pain medications along with advising people to drink lots of water to pass out the kidney stones. Surgery may be needed in case the stones are either too big to pass out or if they have accumulated in the urinary tract.
DID YOU KNOW?
Nephrolithiasis is derived from the Greek name : nephros (kidney) lithos (stone).