Malaria is a very common infection spread by mosquitoes. It can be life threatening if not treated at the right time. The anopheles mosquito carries the Plasmodium parasite. Once the parasites are inside your body, they travel to the liver, where they mature. After several days, the mature parasites enter the bloodstream and begin to infect red blood cells. Within 48 to 72 hours, the parasites inside the red blood cells multiply, causing the infected cells to burst open. The most common symptoms of the disease are high fever accompanied with chills. Headache, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea are also common.
HOW IS MALARIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the disease is easily done by a general physician on examination of the symptoms. A few blood tests will confirm the presence of the parasite in the body.
HOW IS MALARIA TREATED?
Depending on the parasite causing the infection certain medications or a medications which contain quinine would be prescribed to patients. In severe or extreme cases hospitalization could be necessary.
DID YOU KNOW?
Malaria can be congenital when an infected mother passes on the disease to her baby at birth.