Glaucoma is a condition that affects the optic nerve of the eyes which gets worse as it progresses. The condition is usually inherited but may not be evident till later in life. In most cases, glaucoma does not present too evident symptoms. The most common and perhaps the first sign of the condition is the loss of peripheral or side vision. This can however go unnoticed till the condition advances to next stage. You may also have redness in your eyes, pain in eye or headache and narrowing of vision as the other symptoms.
HOW IS GLAUCOMA DIAGNOSED?
In order to diagnose the condition, an ophthalmology specialist will examine your eyes by dilating the pupils. The eye exam will focus on the optic nerve. The doctor will also perform a process known as tonometry to check the eye pressure along with a visual field test.
HOW IS GLAUCOMA TREATED?
The treatment of the condition will be done with the help of medicated eye drops that will lower the pressure on the eyes while more severe cases will have to go through a laser trabeculoplasty.
DID YOU KNOW?
If an infant is born with this problem it can be corrected through surgery because the very cause of it is distorted drainage system.