Dysentery is a condition that causes the inflammation of the intestines and affects the colon specifically. It can lead to loose motions or diarrhoea with blood or mucus discharge. It can be of two types: bacillary or amoebic. Dysentery is caused by bacteria or protozoan. The symptoms include fever, nausea, loose motions, fatigue and pain in the abdomen.
HOW IS DYSENTERY DIAGNOSED?
The general physician will usually carry out the diagnosis with the help of a blood, urine and stool test in the lab so as to find out the type and cause of the condition. An ultrasound and endoscopy may also be conducted for very severe cases.
HOW IS DYSENTERY TREATED?
Treatment for dysentery includes providing the patient with ample liquid solutions that are laden with glucose, including ORS for kids. Along with apt hydration a BRAT diet, which includes barley, rice, applesauce and toast. Medications to ease fever, pain and control the motions are also provided.
DID YOU KNOW?
Untreated dysentery can lead to severe dehydration. Severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances can result in shock or coma and may be life-threatening. The symptoms of severe dehydration such as confusion, lethargy, loss of consciousness, cold skin, or decreased urine output require immediate medical help.