Colorectal cancer is a malignant tumor arising from the inner wall of the large intestine. Risk factors include a family history of colon cancer, colon polyps, and long-standing ulcerative colitis. Signs and symptoms of colon cancer are:
1. Rectal bleeding
2. Dark colored stool
3. Change in bowel habits
4. Change in stool consistency
7. Narrow stools
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Common diagnostic tests include colonoscopy and blood tests. A sampling of areas of the colon suspected of cancer may confirm the diagnosis. The extent to which the disease has spread can be detected through CT scan and MRI of the abdomen, chest, and pelvis. The TNM system is used for cancer staging.
HOW IS COLORECTAL CANCER TREATED?
Treatment of this cancer is done by an oncology specialist who would evaluate the form and stage of the cancer. Surgery is the most common treatment method here which includes removal of polyps. Radiation and chemotherapy may follow.
DID YOU KNOW?
Colorectal Cancer is the 3rd leading cause of cancer in men in the U.S and the 4th leading for women.