Colon Cancer is the cancer of the large intestine. Most cases of colon cancer begin as a small non-cancerous clump of cells referred to as adenomatous polyps. Over a period of time, these polyps become colon cancers. Colon cancer progresses from stage I to stage IV. Symptoms are:
• Changes in bowel habits
• Diarrhoea or constipation
• Rectal bleeding
• Persistent abdominal discomfort cramps and pain
• Incomplete emptying of bowels
• Weakness or fatigue
• Unexplained weight loss
HOW IS COLON CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of this cancer is done by an oncology expert through colonoscopy and other similar tests. Blood tests and even biopsy may be conducted based on the doctors evaluation.
HOW IS COLON CANCER TREATED?
Treatment for colon cancer includes removal of polyps, minimal invasive surgery and even Endoscopic mucosal resection. If the cancer has spread, partial colectomy along with surgery is suggested. Also, the patient would have to undergo radiation and chemotherapy depending on the course of the treatment. Targeted drugs like Bevacizumab (Avastin) and Cetuximab (Erbitux) could be used.
DID YOU KNOW?
Colon cancer is often curable if caught in the early stages.