Birthmarks are benign irregularities on the skin that appear shortly after birth. They can occur anywhere in the body. They are usually caused by blood vessels, melanocytes, fat, smooth muscle and keratinocytes. They may be flat or raise, have regular or irregular borders and may be of different shades. The different types of birthmarks are red or vascular birthmarks (hemangiomas and port-wine stains), and pigmented birthmarks (moles and café-au-lait spots). They are mostly harmless and may disappear over time.
HOW IS BIRTHMARKS DIAGNOSED?
Pediatric dermatologist may detect birthmarks through physical examination of the baby.
HOW IS BIRTHMARKS TREATED?
A significant number of birthmarks fade away without any need for treatment. However, if the birthmark causes health problems, or if the patient feels strongly about getting rid of it, treatment may include: 1. Corticosteroids injected directly into the birthmark or taken orally 2. Interferon alpha 12 3. Laser therapy 4.Surgery. Treatment options depend on several factors, including the location and severity of the birthmark
DID YOU KNOW?
It is important to help the child overcome and face the embarrassment caused by an abnormal birthmark.