A medical condition, often inherited, that occurs at/ or before birth. The most common birth defects are: 1. Congenital Heart disease 2. Clubfoot 3. Cleft lip or palate 4.Spina Bifida 5. Missing or undeveloped Limbs 6. Sickle cell disease 7. PKU 8.Down syndrome 9.Fragile X syndrome
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS DIAGNOSED?
Gynaecologists detect birth defects during the prenatal tests. Birth defects that cannot be diagnosed during the prenatal tests are tested by paediatricians after the baby is born through newborn screening tests.
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS TREATED?
Treatment of birth defects is not possible while the baby is in the womb. Some preventive steps can be taken by the mother, such as, taking vaccinations, prenatal vitamins, ensure that they don't have STDs and avoid unnecessary medication. Taking a healthy diet and doing regular exercise can also help prevent birth defects.