The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint that connects the jaw to the temporal bones of the skull. Temporomandibular joint disorder, known more commonly as TMD, occurs when there are problems with the muscles and jaws in the face. Some of the most common TMD symptoms include:
• Pain in the face, jaw or ear area
• Headaches (often mimicking migraines), earaches, and pain and pressure behind the eyes
• A clicking or popping sound when opening or closing the mouth
• Jaw that ""gets stuck,"" locked or goes out of place
• Tenderness of the jaw muscles
• Trouble chewing or biting
• Swelling of the face
• A sudden change in the person’s dental occlusion (the way the upper and lower teeth fit together)
HOW IS TMD DIAGNOSED?
A dentistry expert will conduct a thorough physical examination and look for pain or tenderness in the temporomandibular joint. Your dentist may take full face X-rays along with other tests, like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT).
HOW IS TMD TREATED?
Non-surgical treatments such as lifestyle changes and self-help physiotherapy-type treatments are tried first.A small number of people with severe TMD may be referred to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon to discuss further treatment options
DID YOU KNOW?
It is estimated that up to 30 per cent of adults will experience Tmd at some point in their lives.