Splinting treatment is used to treat abnormalities in the musculoskeletal system. The main treatments for splinting are to temporarily immobilize a limb for pain and spasm, to reduce swelling, and to minimize potential neurovascular or soft tissue injuries associated with bruises, sprains, lacerations, fractures, dislocations, or painful joints due to inflammatory disorders. Splinting techniques involve use of plaster rolls, plaster strips, pre-padded splints and pre-fabricated splints. Splints can be ready-made or can be made from basic materials. The wrapping of the materials around the splinted extremity is done to secure the splint but it should not be so tight as to block circulation. On an hourly basis, sensation and pulses must be checked below the splint. If the person complains of tightness, tingling, or numbness, the wrapping material should be released completely, and the splint should be rewrapped more loosely. The main target of the splinting is the immobilization of the joint above and below the broken bone. Splinting is the ideal method of immobilization. It reduces the risk of iatrogenic compartment syndrome due to increased swelling and loss of fracture position or dislocation if cast loosens due to decreased swelling. One is usually be advised to wear the splint at all times for three to six weeks. Splints can be tried for a few weeks and if symptoms are not controlled after four weeks of regular night-time use, then one should start looking for other treatments.
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