Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV is a way to prevent HIV infection after a possible recent exposure. The HIV exposure treatment involves taking medications as soon as possible after a single high-risk event to stop HIV from making copies of itself and spreading throughout the body. HIV prophylaxis medications reduce the risk of contracting HIV. Effectively, the treatment for Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV should begin within an hour of exposure. Every hour counts and the patient should take Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV once or twice daily for 28 days. While Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV is effective in preventing HIV when administered correctly, it does not have 100% success rate. Research has shown that Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV has little or no effect in preventing HIV infection if it is started later than 72 hours after HIV exposure. Post Exposure Prophylaxis for HIV is safe but it may cause side effects like nausea in some people and these side effects can be treated and aren't life-threatening. The antiretroviral regimen used in Post Exposure Prophylaxis is the same as the standard highly active antiretroviral therapy used to treat AIDS. Although it requires close compliance and can have unpleasant side effects including malaise, fatigue, diarrhea, and vomiting, among others. HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis is a long process and can take a lot of time before showing effective results.
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