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When it comes to mental illness, there are plenty of stereotypes. But in reality, mood disorders can be hard to pinpoint?particularly in people with bipolar disorder symptoms.
Here are 10 signs that mood problems may be due to more than a quirky or difficult personality:
Greater Than Great Mood
Bipolar disorder is characterized by up-and-down episodes of mania and depression. During a manic phase, some patients can have a total break from reality. But hypomania, which is also a symptom of the disorder, is a high-energy state in which a person feels exuberant but hasn?t lost his or her grip on reality. ?Hypomania can be a pretty enjoyable state, really,? A person?s mood can be elevated, they may have a lot of energy and creativity, and they may experience euphoria. This is the ?up? side of bipolar disorder that some people with the condition actually enjoy?while it lasts.
Inability To Complete Tasks
Having a house full of half-completed projects is a hallmark of bipolar disorder. People who can harness their energy when they are in a hypomanic phase can be really productive. Those who can?t often go from task to task, planning grand, unrealistic projects that are never finished before moving on to something else. ?They can be quite distractible and may start a million things and never finish them,?
A person who is in a bipolar depressive state is going to look just like someone who has regular depression. ?They have the same problems with energy, appetite, sleep, and focus as others who have ?plain old depression,?? Unfortunately, typical antidepressants alone don?t work well in patients who are bipolar. They can even make people cycle more frequently, worsening their condition, or send someone into a break-with-reality episode. ?Antidepressants can be downright dangerous in people with bipolar because they can send them into mania,?
Some people with this condition suffer from ?mixed mania,? where they experience symptoms of mania and depression at the same time. During this state, they are often extremely irritable. Everyone has bad days, which is one reason this kind of bipolarity is much harder to recognize. ?We are all irritable or moody sometimes,? . ?But in people with bipolar disorder it often becomes so severe that it interferes with their relationships?especially if the person is saying, ?I don?t know why I?m so irritable?I can't control it.??
Some people are naturally talkative; we all know a motormouth or Chatty Cathy. But ?pressured speech? is one of the most common symptoms of bipolar disorder. This kind of speech occurs when someone is really not in a two-way conversation, The person will talk rapidly and if you try to speak, they will likely just talk over you. They will also sometimes jump around to different topics. ?What?s kind of a red flag is when it is atypical for the person to talk like this,? doing it only when they are in a manic cycle but not at other times,
Problems At Work
People with this disorder often have difficulty in the workplace because so many of their symptoms can interfere with their ability to show up for work, do their job, and interact productively with others. In addition to having problems completing tasks, they may have difficulty sleeping, irritability, and an inflated ego during a manic phase, and depression at other times, which causes excessive sleeping and additional mood problems. A lot of the workplace problems can be interpersonal ones,
About 50% of people with bipolar disorder also have a substance abuse problem, particularly alcohol use, . Many people will drink when they are in a manic phase to slow themselves down, and use alcohol to improve their mood when they are depressed.
When they are in a manic phase, people with bipolar disorder can have an inflated self-esteem. ?They feel grandiose and don?t consider consequences; everything sounds good to them,? . Two of the most common types of behavior that can result from this are spending sprees and unusual sexual behavior. ?I have had a number of patients who have had affairs who never would have done that if they weren't in a manic episode?during this episode they exhibited behavior that is not consistent with what they would do normally,?
I do not have a job and nothing is going well for me, i have tried everything possible but nothing is working. I am really dejected.
I am 57 years of age. I am suffering from loss of memory and always feeling tiredness due to over work. I am neither diabetic nor problem of Blood pressure. Please guide me.
Sir I want to know about testosterone therapy? Actually I am suffering from all the symptoms of low testosterone like female like voice, too much fat, enlarged breast and flat back (not v shaped. It has made my life socially and mentally very difficult. What can I do sir? Help me sir? Is testosterone therapy helpful? How much is the cost associated with it?
I am 18 years old and I am having issues with my self-esteem. As I am away from home I am also feeling home sick.
I have not a little bit of tension in my mind regarding my exams but it should be, because of it I can not study.
I most of think more and more and take too much tension. Even now everything is ok. I am always think about that bad time and always scared. Because of which my body starts shiver. I feel like vomiting and loose motion and can't take food. Even now everything is ok. But still I feel weak. Cant take food and always feel sad. I always used to think if this will happen. That will happen. How would I bear. All this making me sad and weaker unable to do anything. What would I do. Please suggest.
I want to know how I should come out of masturbation on daily basis I masturbate on daily basis and now I realize I deliver ejaculation quite earlier, it takes just few nominal minutes as well as my eye vision is getting blurred. After talking to my girlfriend I feel to masturbate. How should I come out of this addiction? Or, it is all just a myth in my mind towards masturbation? Kindly reply me as early as possible.
A particularly stressful situation or event that has created terror or been overly dramatic or dangerous can lead to stress and anxiety long after the individual has physically come out of the situation. This kind of a traumatic condition is usually what characterises Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
In simple words, PTSD is a neurological disorder which affects individuals after experiencing severe traumatic situations.
Symptoms of PTSD:
- Mood symptoms: Mood swings are the most common outcome of these symptoms. The patient may experience a complete lack of enthusiasm and drive to indulge in activities like hobbies and socialising. Also, the patient may end up harbouring feelings of negativity towards family, friends and strangers, besides going through phases of guilt and self blame for the occurrence of the traumatic event.
- Re-experiencing symptoms: These symptoms include flashbacks and life like re-imagination in the form of dreams and nightmares. In many cases, the patient may remember and re-experience the entire scene or series of events that have led to the trauma in the first place. This can be triggered by a memory or association with words, events and other such things that have to do with the memory of the traumatic episode.
- Arousal symptoms: Arousal or reactivity symptoms may trigger the same reactions that the person showed during the traumatic experience. These may include being on edge constantly in anticipation of a reoccurrence, or even getting startled by the slightest thing since the mind is already occupied with thoughts of the event, constantly. Anger and emotional outbursts may also be caused due to these symptoms.
- Avoidance or rumination: Those suffering from PTSD avoid being reminded of the trauma, such as people, situations or circumstances associated with the event. They try to suppress memories associated with the event.- Many others ruminate excessively and prevent themselves from coming to terms with it.
Treatment for PTSD:
Mindfulness meditation (not a treatment option) helps in recognizing cognitive dissonances and affected thought patterns and aids in recognizing and overcoming their influence. Other therapies, including Cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are also done depending on the patient's condition.
How do medications help regulate these responses?
The medications prescribed for treating PTSD symptoms act upon neurotransmitters related to the fear and anxiety circuitry of the brain including serotonin, norepinephrine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), excitatory amino acids. There is great interest in developing agents with novel and more specific mechanisms of action than are currently available to target the PTSD symptoms described earlier while also minimizing potential side effects.
Studies show that a number of medications are helpful in minimizing PTSD symptoms. Most of the time, medications do not entirely eliminate symptoms but provide symptom reduction and could be more effective when used in conjunction with an ongoing program of trauma specific psychotherapy for patients.
Several types of medications can help improve symptoms of PTSD:
- Antidepressants. These medications can help symptoms of depression and anxiety. They can also help improve sleep problems and concentration. The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) medications sertraline (Zoloft) and paroxetine (Paxil) are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for PTSD treatment.
- Anti-anxiety medications. These drugs can relieve severe anxiety and related problems. Some anti-anxiety medications have the potential for abuse, so they are generally used only for a short time.
- Prazosin. If symptoms include insomnia with recurrent nightmares, a drug called prazosin (Minipress) may help. Although not specifically FDA approved for PTSD treatment, prazosin may reduce or suppress nightmares in many people with PTSD.
You and your doctor can work together to figure out the best medication, with the fewest side effects, for your symptoms and situation. You may see an improvement in your mood and other symptoms within a few weeks. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.
Hello Doctors, my Dad's age is 57. He is taking LAM .25 (1-1-1), Risperidone 2mg (1-1), Trihexyphenidyl HCI 2mg (1-1), Paroxetine 20mg (1 tab night), Modafinil 100mg (1/2 tab morning ), Serlift 25 mg (1-1). Ativan 2mg at Night. He is taking these medicines from the last one month. He is in depression from the last 3-4 months. Earlier he was taking ARIP-MT 10mg.( 1tab daily) OLEANZ 10mg 1 tab night. PACITANE 2mg Thrice a day. Ativan 2mg at night. Both the proscriptions are from different doctors. He dont want to go to his office. He thinks people are talking about him and his opponents can harm him. He says he has lack of confidence etc etc. Kindly suggest what should I do And which doctor to follow.
As a pulmonologist, I see patients with breathing problems on a daily basis. Too often do I hear patients express regret about not quitting smoking earlier. The truth of the matter is that it is never too late! quitting smoking is more important than any medicine a doctor can prescribe in preventing long term health problems. So I encourage all my patients who smoke to try every day to cut back and eventually quit smoking.
Patient who smoke need to be ready to quit smoking. If you are not ready to quit smoking, you should think spend a minute every day thinking about the reason why quitting smoking is a good idea. Once you are ready, you should talk to your doctor about ways to help you quit. Even if you don’t ask, your doctor may ask about ways to help you quit smoking. Just talking about how to quit smoking is more important that a prescription pad, and there is no quick fix to quitting. Although there are medicines than can help people quit, making a plan is the critical first step.
Nicotine is a powerful drug, more addictive than any drug that can be bought illegally. The nicotine found in cigarettes takes between 7-10 seconds to reach the brain. The thousands of other chemicals in cigarettes are just along for the ride, and they are more toxic than anything you can imagine putting in your body. Most people remember their first cigarette, which was probably bad experience. But the nicotine keeps people coming back for more, even though the adverse effects are obvious to even a first time smoker.
Once you are ready to quit, remember a few things:
- Set a date. The first of the month, someone’s birthday, or the day after a particularly stressful week. Try your best to stick to that date.
- Get rid of all the matches, lighters, ashtrays, and that last cigarette you have around.
- Tell your family and friends you are going to give it a shot. Get their support!
- If you slip, don’t worry, there is always tomorrow. Give it another chance!
Finally, using a medicine that replaces the nicotine, like the nicoderm patch, nicotine gum, or nicotine lozenges, replaces the only thing in the cigarettes that your brain is addicted to. Once you have gotten over those urges, the chances of giving the cigarettes up for good increases 3-fold! using another medicine, like chantix or buproprion, can increase the chances of quitting even more, just ask your doctor.
Thanks for reading, and good luck!