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Dr. Vaishali Sharma M D( A.I.I.M.S) - Gynaecologist, New Delhi

Dr. Vaishali Sharma M D( A.I.I.M.S)

96 (141 ratings)
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Diploma in Specialised Advanced Gynaeco...

Gynaecologist, New Delhi

11 Years Experience  ·  1000 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
Dr. Vaishali Sharma M D( A.I.I.M.S) 96% (141 ratings) MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Diploma in Speciali... Gynaecologist, New Delhi
11 Years Experience  ·  1000 at clinic  ·  ₹300 online
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Hello, I am DR Vaishali Sharma. I am practising as a consultant Gynaecologist in South Delhi.<br/...

Hello, I am DR Vaishali Sharma. I am practising as a consultant Gynaecologist in South Delhi.

If you have any problem in conceiving naturally, then when to consult a gynaecologist. You should know that if your age is below 30-35 years then you can try naturally for one year. But if you are coming close to 35 years then I think that 6 months of natural conception is enough because you should not waste much time after the age of 35 years.

What are the options to increase the chance of pregnancy?

  • The best thing is that you should go for Pre- conceptional counselling. But if you are not doing so then you should know that the best chance of conception is during the mid cycle, that is, if you have a cycle of 28-30 days then the best time for pregnancy is 10-16 days after your cycle. The number of days we are calculating here are from the 1st day of the cycle. So, this is the best time from which you can calculate naturally.
  • The other thing is the kit that is available in the market to know what is the time of Ovulation, that is when the egg is released. So, these are the very commonly available in the market. YOu should use them from the 10th day of the cycle and then you have to use them daily, preferably in the afternoon period and you have to do the urine test yourself. If you find the two dark lines on it, that means you will be ovulating.
  • Then if you find that you will not be able to conceive from these methods then you should go the nearby gynaecologist. She may advise you basic investigation from basic workup. For example a blood test, semen analysis and so on. And if the basic investigation area coming normal, then you are advised to have medicines. These medicines are roughly for 5 days. This is called Ovulation Induction. They basically increase the chances of ovulation and egg release. So, this thing you can try for 3-4 months but this has to be done under the guidance of Gynaecologist. We advise them to take 5 tablets during their periods. We call them from the 9th day of their cycle and perform an ultrasound to see whether the eggs are formed or not. Once the eggs are there and the appreciable size of 18mm is attained, then we give the injection to release the eggs. After this, we tell the patients that this is an appropriate time to try the conception. This way if the couple is not able to conceive within 6-8 months, then we advise them to go for either the injections, which will help in the formation of eggs.
  • Or we advise them to go for IUI (Intrauterine Insemination). One most important point is that before suggesting IUI to the patient, the tubal testing is a must. That is usually advised HSG and SSG. In this way, we show that both the tubes are patent. In case there is a problem in semen or there is some problem with the male like the premature ejaculation or difficulty in performing. In such cases, we advise the patient to visit an endocrinologist. And the final option we give them is IUI. Through this, 50% of the patients are able to conceive in 6 months and another 50% of the patients are able to conceive in another 6 months. The cumulative success rate is come out to be around 75%.
  • In case the patient is not able to conceive after injections and IUI then we usually advise them to go for Laparoscopy treatment. This is a diagnostic and therapeutic option because, in this, the woman has to get admitted to the hospital and we directly look through the Laparoscope, that is camera through which we are able to know if the tubes are blocked, any difference in the location, a relationship between the ovaries and the tubes. In this way, we are able to detect and correct it. It is a painless procedure and the woman has to admit in the hospital for 8 hours. THis is minor operation in which 2-3 stitches are there. BUt this is mandatory before proceeding further. After doing laparoscopy we are going to tell patients that the tubes are open and you can continue with the Ovulation induction and IUI. In that way, you will have the chances of pregnancy. And even after the Laparoscopic surgery, the tubes are blocked, then we suggest our patients for the IVF that is the test tube baby. If the tubes are blocked then IUI will not be helpful.
  • IVF surgery is also advisable when the female partner is close to the age of 40 or so. After the age of 35 years, the quality of the eggs in the female ovary will decline sharply. So, sometimes the IVF is suggested directly to the patients in case ovarian reserves are poor.
  • In case IVF test tube baby is advisable, then we have lot many options.

So, if you want to take an appointment, you can visit me at Asian clinic in GK-1 or you can consult me through Lybrate for the audio and the video call consultations.

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Personal Statement

I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. Vaishali Sharma M D( A.I.I.M.S)
Recently recognised as the "Most Promising Gynecologist in North India" by Shri Amar Singh ji, Cabinet Minister Shri Chetan Chauhan ji and Padamshree Dr J K Singh ji at Global Healthcare Excellence Awards 2017 and trained in Germany at esteemed Kiel School of Gynaecological Endoscopy, Dr. Vaishali Sharma is a very famous and highly respected Gynecologist who is based in New Delhi. With an experience of over 11years in hand and numerous excellent patient reviews and ratings, she has been regarded as one of the most trustworthy Gynecologist whose treatment methods are highly advanced and up-to-date. You can either connect to her online via call or text or can avail her services at her clinic Asian Clinic (GK-1), FORTIS La Femme, (GK-2) and Milan Fertility Centre. Among the various services and treatment measures provided by her Infertility treatment, IVF , IUI, contraceptive advice, gynecology laparoscopy, Hysteroscopy, Painless delivery, caesarean section, pre and post-delivery supervision include the primary ones. All of these clinics are based in New Delhi. Prior to working in these clinics Dr. Vaishali Sharma used to work as a Registrar at AIIMS in New Delhi, as a Consultant at Alchemist Hospital in Gurgaon, as a Visiting Consultant at Milann Fertility and also as a Visiting Consultant at Asian Clinic. She completed her MBBS from GSVM Medical College in Kanpur in the year 2006 and MD in Obstetrics &Gynecology from All India Institute of Medical Sciences in the year 2010, based in New Delhi. The esteemed professional and medical associations she is connected with include Federation of Obstetric and Gynecological Societies of India (FOGSI) and Association of Obstetricians & Gynecologists of Delhi (AOGD) ISFP. She takes pride in the fact that she attends almost all the latest state and local seminars to stay current with the technological advancements and treatment planning.

Info

Education
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology - All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 2010
MBBS - GSVM Medical College in Kanpur - 2006
Diploma in Specialised Advanced Gynaecological Endoscopy - Kiel College of Gynecological Endoscopy, Germany - 2017
Past Experience
Senior Resident - Registrar at AIIMS - New Delhi
Ex Consultant at Alchemist Hospital - Gurgaon
Visiting Consultant at Milan Fertility
...more
Visiting Consultant at Asian Clinic
Associate Consultant at Fortis Flt Lt Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj
Visiting Consultant at Fortis la femme, Greater Kailash-2
Languages spoken
English
Hindi
Awards and Recognitions
"Most Promising Gynecologist in North India" by Shri Amar Singh ji, Cabinet Minister Shri Chetan Chauhan ji and Padamshri Dr J K Singh ji at Global Healthcare Excellence Awards
Professional Memberships
Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI)
Association of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists of Delhi (AOGD)
ISFP

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Ovarian Cysts - Ways Laparoscopic Surgery Can Help!

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Diploma in Specialised Advanced Gynaecological Endoscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Ovarian Cysts - Ways Laparoscopic Surgery Can Help!

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries, often in multiples, which are very common in women. This is absolutely different condition from polycystic ovaries. Most of them are benign and not indicative of an underlying problem. They produce no specific symptoms and even if detected, can be watched over a period of time. Treatment may be required only if there are serious symptoms or there is higher possibility of cancerous nature of the cyst. Read on to know more. 

Types 

  1. Functional: There are two types in this. The follicular variety is when the egg that is ready for fertilization does not completely shrink and stays for a few more days before it disappears. Another variety, the luteal ovarian cysts are formed when after the release of the egg, there is blood filling up in the corpus luteum. 
  2. Pathological: There are many types here – dermoid, cystadenomas, endometriomas, cancerous cystadenocarcinomas etc. These are worrisome and need to be treated. Both varieties, once identified, should be monitored. The functional variety, though may not cause a problem, can cause infertility and so necessitate treatment. 

Symptoms 

Any ovarian follicle larger than 2 cm can be called as an ovarian cyst. They are usually benign and do not produce any symptoms. However, if they turn pathologic or grow in size, they can cause various symptoms such as: 

While cysts are often quiet and do not produce any symptoms, they can cause intermittent, nonspecific symptoms like above. If there is a family history of ovarian cancers in mothers, maternal aunt, Sisters, Grandmothers etc then women should have regular Gynaecological checkups to have a check done for ovarian cysts. 

Why go for laparoscopic surgery? 

  1. Laparoscopic surgery is considered to be one of the most effective ways of treating the condition of ovarian cysts. During the surgery, problem causing non-cancerous cyst can be removed without harming the ovaries. In the case of cancer, both ovaries along with uterus etc may have to be removed. This decision is taken by the operating surgeon depending upon age of the patient, characteristics and nature of the cyst and future fertility desires of the patient. 
  2. The patient is given general anesthesia during the surgery. After the surgery, one is suggested to rest for a day and may be permitted to return to normal activities within a day’s time. However, one needs to avoid any strenuous activity for almost a week. 
  3. While some cysts can be watched for years, others need treatment. This would be specifically true in cases where the couple is facing infertility issues or if there is a higher possibility of cancerous cysts. Such cysts need urgent intervention and should be monitored by a gynecologist with an experience in oncology. There are few blood tests that are needed to be done to know the nature of the cyst if it is benign or cancerous.
5 people found this helpful

Hi. I am 20 years old. It's been 3 years of my marriage. I have pcos. I am trying to conceive. I don't want to take birth control pills or 21 days tablets as they have many side effects like weight gain and hair loss. So my doctor prescribed me ova care tablets for 3 months. I have been taking ova care tablets since 1 month. Is there any chances of getting pregnant by taking these tablets. How many months does it take to get pregnant?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi. I am 20 years old. It's been 3 years of my marriage. I have pcos. I am trying to conceive. I don't want to take b...
Yaa definitely these tablets will help you in regularising your periods and achieving pregnancy as well. As you are just 20 yrs. Your gynaec has not given other methods more specific for pregnancy. You can try for 3 months But in case you are too much keen for pregnancy right now then visit your gynaec again after some months for definitive treatment for pregnancy.
3 people found this helpful
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Endometriosis - How Laparoscopic Surgery Helps?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Diploma in Specialised Advanced Gynaecological Endoscopy
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Endometriosis - How Laparoscopic Surgery Helps?

Laparoscopy is one of the most common procedures for diagnosing and removing endometriosis. Instead of giving a big incision, this procedure of surgery uses lightweight instrument through a small hole or incision. There could be one or more incisions based on the number of instruments that require access inside the body. This procedure involves the use of a camera to ascertain endometriosis as well as treat it in the same sitting. This brings drastic improvement in infertility as well as pain associated with the endometriosis. If a cyst is found in the ovary, laparoscopic surgeon removes it very delicately without causing any harm to the normal ovary, as a part of the Laparoscopic Surgery for Endometriosis. 

How does the procedure go? 

Eating and drinking should be suspended before 8 hours of the laparoscopic surgery. The doctor takes a call on whether to give a general or local anesthesia. Mostly, General anaesthesia is given during such procedures. A person specialised in Gynecological Endoscopy ( Gynaec Laparoscopic Surgeon) is the best to perform such a procedure. 

How is the procedure performed? 

The abdomen is first inflated with gas with the help of a needle. It pushes the abdominal wall from the organs to give a clear visibility to a surgeon. The laparoscopic Camera is then pushed through an incision or a set of incisions to examine the internal organ. If the scar tissue or endometriosis needs to be removed, a doctor can use one of the several laparoscopic techniques such as electrocautery, excision etc. Post the surgery, the incision is closed with stitches. The whole procedure usually takes 30-60 minutes depending upon the severity of endometriosis. 

Why is laparoscopy done? 

  1. If the endometriosis pain has returned after a hormone therapy 
  2. If there is a growing endometriotic cyst 
  3. If the scar tissue found on the pelvic wall poses a threat on fertility 
  4. If the endometriosis interferes with other organs such as the bladder etc. 
  5. If the pain during menses ( dysmenorrhoea) refuses to subside 

Duration of hospital stay: 
Operations such as these are usually conducted at the outpatient facility owing to their less risky nature. A patient need not spent more than a day in the hospital. Rarely in severe cases of endometriosis overnight hospitalisation may also be required. One can successfully return to normal work within 1 week of the surgery. 

Post-surgical recovery: Once the laparoscopy is done, the next steps of treatment are decided based on the patient's age and severity of endometriosis. Few hormonal medicines are advised according to the desire for fertility etc. If a patient is over and above 35 years of age, the risk of miscarriages double. Since the quality of egg declines by the year, it makes sense to undergo infertility treatment such as the in vitro fertilization (IVF), intake of fertility drugs, insemination etc. If, however, the patient is below 35 years of age, makes sense to conceive naturally first and consult a doctor simultaneously. A routine check-up post-laparoscopic surgery on alternate six months for a year will keep any risks at bay. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

1 person found this helpful

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding - How Hysteroscopic Treatment Can Help?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding - How Hysteroscopic Treatment Can Help?

Abnormal uterine bleeding, also known as AUB, is one of the most common causes requiring gynecologic evaluation. Hysteroscopy is a procedure wherein a thin camera called hysteroscope is introduced into the uterus via the vagina and this light helps in a thorough examination of the uterus. In cases where there are cysts or fibroids or even cancerous growths, this is used to get more details on the lesions. However, hysteroscopy also has a therapeutic use in that it is used to treat conditions like abnormal uterine bleeding. Read on to know more about AUB and how hysteroscopy helps in treatment. 

Causes of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: Vaginal bleeding that occurs more often than 21 days and farther apart than 35 days is known as abnormal uterine bleeding. The bleeding is also abnormal if it lasts longer than 7 days and more than 80 mL of blood is lost during each cycle. 

Some causes include: 

  1. Hormonal imbalance 
  2. Cancer 
  3. Uterine polyps 
  4. Uterine fibroids 
  5. Cervical infections 

Diagnosis/Treatment: 

When a woman has abnormal bleeding, further diagnosis is required to confirm the exact cause of the bleeding. This is where the hysteroscopy comes into the picture. Hysteroscopy, literally translates to viewing the uterus from inside directly through a camera. 

How it is done: 

Hysteroscopy is done as an outpatient procedure and normally takes about 3 to 4 hours. General or spinal anesthesia may be used depending on complexity and overall patient health. The uterus is filled with a fluid like saline or glycerin and a thin lighted instrument called the hysteroscope is inserted through the vagina, up the cervix, and into the uterus. This tube is flexible and so can be moved across the uterus to identify any areas of abnormality. It also has a camera and so can be used to take pictures of suspicious areas. 

Causes for infertility may also be detected using hysteroscopy. Small knives can also be used to remove the lesion like fibroid or polyp. These are often the cause of abnormal bleeding. Samples can also be taken for biopsy to confirm if any cancerous growth is detected.

Hysteroscopy is a safe and effective way to examine the cervical canal and uterine cavity. It is better to accompany D&C with hysteroscopy instead of going for blind dilatation and curettage, especially in women who are peri or premenopausal. Hysteroscopy is a safe procedure if done by a doctor, specialised in gynecological endoscopy and helps in both diagnosis and treatment of abnormal uterine bleeding. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

3799 people found this helpful

I am 8 1/2 months pregnant. From two days slight bleeding coming urine and some spots are coming. Any problem is there guide me.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I am 8 1/2 months pregnant. From two days slight bleeding coming urine and some spots are coming. Any problem is ther...
Any bleeding during pregnancy is alarming. You should visit your gynaec to get yourself checked. If bleeding is coming in urine then you should get urine examination done for infection. Also an ultrasound is needed to see if there is any kidney stone. Keep drinking lots of water and liquids like juices, tea, soups, coconut water etc.
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Conceiving or Fertility Problem

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Play video

Hello, I am DR Vaishali Sharma. I am practising as a consultant Gynaecologist in South Delhi.

If you have any problem in conceiving naturally, then when to consult a gynaecologist. You should know that if your age is below 30-35 years then you can try naturally for one year. But if you are coming close to 35 years then I think that 6 months of natural conception is enough because you should not waste much time after the age of 35 years.

What are the options to increase the chance of pregnancy?

  • The best thing is that you should go for Pre- conceptional counselling. But if you are not doing so then you should know that the best chance of conception is during the mid cycle, that is, if you have a cycle of 28-30 days then the best time for pregnancy is 10-16 days after your cycle. The number of days we are calculating here are from the 1st day of the cycle. So, this is the best time from which you can calculate naturally.
  • The other thing is the kit that is available in the market to know what is the time of Ovulation, that is when the egg is released. So, these are the very commonly available in the market. YOu should use them from the 10th day of the cycle and then you have to use them daily, preferably in the afternoon period and you have to do the urine test yourself. If you find the two dark lines on it, that means you will be ovulating.
  • Then if you find that you will not be able to conceive from these methods then you should go the nearby gynaecologist. She may advise you basic investigation from basic workup. For example a blood test, semen analysis and so on. And if the basic investigation area coming normal, then you are advised to have medicines. These medicines are roughly for 5 days. This is called Ovulation Induction. They basically increase the chances of ovulation and egg release. So, this thing you can try for 3-4 months but this has to be done under the guidance of Gynaecologist. We advise them to take 5 tablets during their periods. We call them from the 9th day of their cycle and perform an ultrasound to see whether the eggs are formed or not. Once the eggs are there and the appreciable size of 18mm is attained, then we give the injection to release the eggs. After this, we tell the patients that this is an appropriate time to try the conception. This way if the couple is not able to conceive within 6-8 months, then we advise them to go for either the injections, which will help in the formation of eggs.
  • Or we advise them to go for IUI (Intrauterine Insemination). One most important point is that before suggesting IUI to the patient, the tubal testing is a must. That is usually advised HSG and SSG. In this way, we show that both the tubes are patent. In case there is a problem in semen or there is some problem with the male like the premature ejaculation or difficulty in performing. In such cases, we advise the patient to visit an endocrinologist. And the final option we give them is IUI. Through this, 50% of the patients are able to conceive in 6 months and another 50% of the patients are able to conceive in another 6 months. The cumulative success rate is come out to be around 75%.
  • In case the patient is not able to conceive after injections and IUI then we usually advise them to go for Laparoscopy treatment. This is a diagnostic and therapeutic option because, in this, the woman has to get admitted to the hospital and we directly look through the Laparoscope, that is camera through which we are able to know if the tubes are blocked, any difference in the location, a relationship between the ovaries and the tubes. In this way, we are able to detect and correct it. It is a painless procedure and the woman has to admit in the hospital for 8 hours. THis is minor operation in which 2-3 stitches are there. BUt this is mandatory before proceeding further. After doing laparoscopy we are going to tell patients that the tubes are open and you can continue with the Ovulation induction and IUI. In that way, you will have the chances of pregnancy. And even after the Laparoscopic surgery, the tubes are blocked, then we suggest our patients for the IVF that is the test tube baby. If the tubes are blocked then IUI will not be helpful.
  • IVF surgery is also advisable when the female partner is close to the age of 40 or so. After the age of 35 years, the quality of the eggs in the female ovary will decline sharply. So, sometimes the IVF is suggested directly to the patients in case ovarian reserves are poor.
  • In case IVF test tube baby is advisable, then we have lot many options.

So, if you want to take an appointment, you can visit me at Asian clinic in GK-1 or you can consult me through Lybrate for the audio and the video call consultations.

2 people found this helpful

Expecting to hav baby after ten years and not before is it possible to conceive baby easily after ten years of marriage.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Expecting to hav baby after ten years and not before is it possible to conceive baby easily after ten years of marriage.
U will be 34 years after 10 yrs. Sometimes it becomes a bit difficult to conceive after 30 years esp. 35 yrs. It will be better if you start planning around 29 so that even if there is any problem then it can also be taken care of.
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Hi, I am diagnosed with PCOS. My doctor advised Dronis 30, a tablet per day. The instructions mentioned taking a break after 21 days of the medicine strip. My doctor, however advised to continue the next strip of 21 days as soon as I get over with my first one after 21st day. I have very bad cramps and have occasions of slight dizziness in the course of dosage. What has to be done?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi, I am diagnosed with PCOS. My doctor advised Dronis 30, a tablet per day. The instructions mentioned taking a brea...
I think it will be better that you cross check this with your doctor becoz in PCOS usually we advice tablets for 21 days and then a break of 7 days. please confirm it with your doctor.
2 people found this helpful
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Please tell me how can I increase mens fertility count, as am suffering from severe olizoosperma. Is there may medicine for this.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Please tell me how can I increase mens fertility count, as am suffering from severe olizoosperma.
Is there may medici...
Yaa Definitely there are many medicines depending upon cause of oligozoospermia. Have you got your hormones checked. Better to visit a nearby andrologist or gynaecologist with expertise in infertility management. Besides there are many lifestyle changes too like Abstain from alcohol, smoke or any other addictions. Do not keep mobile in your pant pockets. Do not work with your laptop in your lap. Etc.
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A girl had a miscarriage of a 5 days baby. By an small accident. And she has a much bleeding. And there is a much pain in the stomach. Is these are the symptoms, that a girl should not be pregnant in future. And after these things how many chances to be a pregnant in future?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
A girl had a miscarriage of a 5 days baby. By an small accident. And she has a much bleeding. And there is a much pai...
If a miscarriage is supervised and taken care by a well qualified gyanecologist mostly there is hardly any problem in future pregnancies. But in case of self medication or incomplete treatment there can definitely be problem in future pregnancies. Better visit a nearby gynaec and follow her advice given after complete examination and ultrasound. Don't hesitate or feel shy.
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Benefits of Artificial Insemination

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Benefits of Artificial Insemination

There are many reasons why the problem of infertility occurs in many humans. Few of the main reasons of this are the inability of male partner to produce sperms and inability of the fertilized egg to get rooted in the uterus. It is in such conditions that the procedure of artificial insemination is carried out to infuse the sperm into the uterus of the female.

Steps Involved in Artificial Insemination-

There are certain steps that need to be followed before you get pregnant if you are planning on artificial insemination, and that would be of great use in providing an economically safe pregnancy. Artificial insemination is a technique that is of great use to couples who cannot get pregnant. The procedure is simple, but it has its own side-effects. It is a commonly used procedure and which is less expensive than other treatment options for infertility. The success rate of this procedure is about 86%, and a couple needs to make a few attempts to get pregnant.

Need for Artificial Insemination-

The effectiveness of the artificial insemination process plays a vital role for the women having fertility issues, especially while selecting the treatment. Many couples prefer the procedure of Intrauterine Insemination when fertility medicines do not work effectively. The procedure of artificial insemination which is a reproduction technique comprises of introducing the semen into the vagina, uterus, or cervix of a woman without sexual intercourse.

The artificial insemination procedure is made use not only in humans but even for breeding in animals. Sometimes the procedure is done if a woman has a condition called endometriosis or in other words, abnormality in her reproductive organs. The method is also suggested by the Doctors when the real reason for infertility cannot be identified.

Why Artificial Insemination?

The procedure is a great benefit for a woman who is single and desires to have children. The best part is that during the artificial insemination, the sperm used during the treatment is tested for any genetic disorder. This way, it reduces the chance of any disorder being transmitted to the child from a parent. The procedure is much cheaper than natural reproduction, and the main benefit of artificial insemination is that desirable characteristics of the parent are passed on quickly to the child.

Overall, the benefits of this procedure are that it is very effective and prevents any genetic disorder in the child, and the cost of the procedure is comparatively lesser.

2650 people found this helpful

Why Does Vaginal Itching Occur?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Why Does Vaginal Itching Occur?

Vaginal itching is a condition which occurs when the vagina comes in contact with irritants or because of a vaginal infection. Menopause may also lead to conditions that trigger itching in the vagina. In some cases, sexually transmitted diseases and skin allergies also lead to vaginal itching. The conditions in itself is not a major cause of concern, however, one should consult a doctor to treat the underlying condition, if any.

Causes-

The main component of vaginal itching is the trigger, as there can be many of them. The various causes of vaginal itching are-

  1. Irritants: Vaginal contact with certain irritants can be the cause behind vaginal itching. Some common substances that irritate the vagina are:

    1. Creams

    2. Ointments

    3. Detergents

    4. Harsh soaps

    5. Topical contraceptives

    6. Scented toiletries

  2. Skin Problems: Certain skin problems such as eczema and psoriasis can result in itching and redness in the genitals. Eczema is a condition which is akin to allergies. Psoriasis is a condition which is characterized by itchy, scaly and red patches on the skin. These symptoms may slowly start spreading to the vagina.

  3. Infections in the Vagina: Infections in the vagina such as bacterial vaginosis and yeast infection can lead to vaginal itching. In addition to the vaginal itching, they can also lead to a foul smelling discharge from the vagina.

  4. Menopause: During menopause, the estrogen levels in the body dip, thus resulting in a dry vagina. A dry vagina can sometimes lead to vaginal itching.

  5. Stress: Excessive stress can lead to vaginal itching as stress affects the immune system in the body. A weakened immune system makes one prone to a number of disorders, vaginal itching being one of them.

  6. Sexually Transmitted Diseases: STDs such as gonorrhea and chlamydia are disorders, symptoms of which include itching in the vagina.

Treatments-

The treatment for vaginal itching begins with a diagnosis of the underlying condition that might be causing it in the first place. The treatment for this disorder is cause specific; hence the underlying condition needs to be identified. Antibiotics and antifungal medications may be administered to treat vaginal itching. For menopause related causes, estrogen creams or tablets are required.

You can also take preventive measures such as:

  1. Avoid using scented soaps.

  2. Use protection during sex.

  3. Wear cotton based underwear.

  4. Eat plenty of yoghurt. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

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Artificial Insemination - Are there Any Risks Associated with it

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Artificial Insemination - Are there Any Risks Associated with it

These days, infertility is a rising problem. The branch of gynaecology has successfully discovered a variety of procedures, which are helpful in conceiving in an artificial manner. These are known as Artificial Reproductive Techniques (ARTs). Artificial insemination is one of them. It is often termed as intrauterine insemination, which is used as an effective treatment of infertility worldwide.

This process helps the couple in conceiving by inserting the sperm directly into the womb of the woman.  These days, most of the couples who are unable to conceive prefer to go through this process rather than going for adoption. One of the major reasons behind the immense popularity of this treatment procedure is its good success record.

There are several risks associated with this process that one should know before opting for this procedure for having a baby of their own.

  1. Multiple births because of fertility medication: When the process of artificial insemination is carried out by using the fertility medication, there are immense chances that the mother gives birth to more than one child at a time. It can be twins or even triplets. The problem associated with multiple births is that it might contribute to complications like miscarriage or premature delivery. In case of multiple births, babies are usually not healthy and they are more prone to die in the first week of birth, which is very unfortunate for the parents. Gestational diabetes is also one of the consequences that can affect the mother during pregnancy.

  2. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome: It is not a common issue, but potentially a very serious complication. In some cases, the ovaries of a woman get swollen because of the fertility medication given during the artificial insemination process. Swelling causes symptoms like nausea, abdominal cramps, vomiting and bloating. Usually, the symptoms of OHSS include shortness of breath and chest pain that occur four to five days after the use of fertility medication. One should immediately contact the doctor, in case they notice similar kinds of symptoms during their fertility treatment.

In most of the cases when the doctor is unable to figure out the reason behind the infertility of a couple, the only alternative they suggest is the process of artificial insemination. Artificial insemination is quite an affordable and non-invasive method fertility treatment, which is preferred by thousands of couples every year. There are certain risks in this medical process and it is recommended to consult an expert gynaecologist.

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My LMP was 09/08/16. I have done a home pregnancy check on 35th day of my missed period. Got a faint positive line, I have consulted a gynecologist on the same day and she have done blood test for beta hcg level. It came out positive with 658mlul. Before my pregnancy I was having mcbm69 tablet for a healthy conception. When I consulted this gynecologist she have suggested me a tablet named ME12 OD. I am still using it. My first ultrasound scan was at 26th of step 2016. It was a vaginal scan. As per my LMP, EGA is 7 weeks but the result shows it as follows The uterus is retroverted and has a gestational sac measuring 1.5 cm corresponding to 5 weeks 5 days. Yolk sac is seen, fetal pole not yet seen, decidual reaction is good. Ovaries are normal sized. A corpus luteum cyst of 1.8 cm is seen in the right ovary. Impression: Early intrauterine gestation of 5 weeks. Suggested follow up after 10 days to assess fetal viability and dating. From next day of my first scan I have got some coffee brown color discharge. It was lasted 9 days. After that I have white or light yellow color discharge. Actually my Dr. was suggested me a follow up scan on 21st of this month. But yesterday also I had the same discharge. So I went to my Dr. and she have done a scan. The result is below Uterus enlarged shows a single gestational sac which measures- 2.3 cms. Single yolk sac seen - 0.6 cms. Cardiac activity not present. Both ovaries appears normal. Decidual reaction is present. Cervix normal measures - 3.4 x 2.6 cms. Impression: intrauterine gestation of 6 weeks with no cardiac activity. Suggested clinical correlation. After my first scan my Dr. said that its normal and it may be a late conception that's y there is a difference in the weeks. Yesterday she said that its not growing and there is no heartbeat or blood circulation. So I have to wait for one week and after that they will do a scan again and if its in the same situation I have to do ?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
My LMP was 09/08/16. I have done a home pregnancy check on 35th day of my missed period. Got a faint positive line, I...
Yours seem a delayed implantation only ... its correct wait for 1 wk and if there is no growth ... then better to go for medical termination
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Hi my thyroid test profile T3 108, T4 8 &.TSH 5.17 Dis test done from thyrocare. My symptoms are Upset period last 2 months Hairfall Unwanted hair Muscles pain I hv no baby and plan for baby Pls suggest I am start homeopathy medicine.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi my thyroid test profile T3 108, T4 8 &.TSH 5.17
Dis test done from thyrocare.
My symptoms are Upset period last 2 ...
Get your Day 2 FSH, LH, prolactin and testosterone Hormone tests done. You may be suffering from PCOS. But do not worry. Just hurry up becoz. As you are already 31 years .you shud try to conceive quickly and do not hesitate in taking medical support for that. For PCOS very effective treatment options are available. please do not waste your time. Before its too late.
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Firstly she was not getting her periods, then as prescribed by the gynaecologist she took some medicines so that she gets her periods! After some days she got intimate and to avoid unwanted pregnancy she took an i-pill! Now she is again on with her periods after 10 days of over of first period! All the test for pregnancy she took are negative! Please guide what to do?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Firstly she was not getting her periods, then as prescribed by the gynaecologist she took some medicines so that she ...
This happens after intake of ipill .... Nothing to worry .... In case she has excessive bleeding u can let me know ... I will prescribe a medicine...... Also try to use any other method of contraception like condoms, oral pills .... Avoid recurrent use of ipill....
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My age is 46, my periods are erratic. I feel sick in the morning and afterwards normal. No sugar or thyroid. White discharge sometimes. Suffering from hip pain.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
My age is 46, my periods are erratic. I feel sick in the morning and afterwards normal. No sugar or thyroid. White di...
Irregular periods r quite common in this age group, But you should use effective contraception as still there are some chances of getting pregnant. Do a urine pregnancy test yourself. If its negative. Then let me know I will prescribe you medicine for white discharge and morning sickness.
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I am 7 mnth pregnant women and I want to know that what should I do for normal delivery.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I am 7 mnth pregnant women and I want to know that what should I do for normal delivery.
Just keep doing regular work, go for morning/ evening walks but not brisk walk......Maintain positive mindset....Avoid stress......Keep yourself mentally prepared for pain ..... In case there is no complication, u will definitely have a normal delivery......Since ancient times women have been getting labour pains and delivering normally........ Caesarean is there to tackle any complication....
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My wife done preganews test last day and it was positive. Would you please suggest what precautions we should take care of and please tell me about healthy diet for my wife during every day.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
My wife done preganews test last day and it was positive. Would you please suggest what precautions we should take ca...
Congratulations .... She should start taking folic acid tablet daily and avoid excessive coffee, coke etc ... Abstain from alcohol, smoking.....eat lots of fruits and vegetables..... If there is excessive nausea and vomiting .. Do let me know ... I can prescribe her medicines for the same
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