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Dr. Sanjay Kumar Gudwani  - ENT Specialist, Delhi

Dr. Sanjay Kumar Gudwani

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT

ENT Specialist, Delhi

27 Years Experience  ·  500 - 1000 at clinic  ·  ₹350 online
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Gudwani MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT ENT Specialist, Delhi
27 Years Experience  ·  500 - 1000 at clinic  ·  ₹350 online
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Hello! I am Dr. Sanjay, an ENT Consultant. Today we will have a small discussion on a very common...

Hello! I am Dr. Sanjay, an ENT Consultant.

Today we will have a small discussion on a very common problem which is called allergic rhinitis. So what is an allergy? Allergy is a reaction of the body to a normal substance which is usually harmless and doesn't cause any reaction in other people, but it causes reaction in some people.

What are the common allergens? The common allergens are pollens, house dust mites, smoke and perfumes. But these react only in some people. The common symptom of the nasal allergy is a runny nose, sneezing and sometimes it may cause itchiness in eyes, itchiness of the face and stuffy nose.

Common risk factors are smoking and environmental dust pollution. How do we examine these people who are having an allergy? We do it by clinical examination of the nose and the paranasal sinuses. It is very important to understand what is allergy and what are other associated problems with the allergy-like Sinusitis and chronic Sinusitis, which normally people call as sinus disease.

Symptoms of chronic Sinusitis is the person always having a headache, discharge from the nose which is causing him cough, sputum always and fever. How should we treat? We should have to investigate thoroughly by a clinical examination, nasal endoscopy examination, in some cases we require CT scan of paranasal sinuses. Once we have all these proper assessments, then we can treat the person in an effective way either with the medication or in some cases of associated complications like nasal polyps we need to treat them accordingly. Thank you!

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Personal Statement

To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. Sanjay Kumar Gudwani
Dr. Sanjay Kumar Gudwani is a trusted ENT Specialist in East Of Kailash, Delhi. He has had many happy patients in his 27 years of journey as a ENT Specialist. He has done MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT . He is currently practising at Care 4 U Wellness Centre in East Of Kailash, Delhi. Book an appointment online with Dr. Sanjay Kumar Gudwani on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous ENT Specialists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find ENT Specialists with more than 28 years of experience on Lybrate.com. We will help you find the best ENT Specialists online in Delhi. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Education
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery - Maulana Azad Medical College, Delhi University - 1992
MS - ENT - Safdarjung Hospital Delhi University - 1997
Languages spoken
English
Hindi

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Care 4 U Wellness Centre

E 220, Block E, East of Kailash, New Delhi, DelhiDelhi Get Directions
500 at clinic
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Ananta Ent Care

Shop No.8, Plot No.11, Pocket-H, Sarita ViharDelhi Get Directions
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Okhla Road, New Friends Colony, Landmark : Opposite Holy Family HospitalDelhi Get Directions
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Did You Know Ear Problems Can Cause Dizziness Too?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Did You Know Ear Problems Can Cause Dizziness Too?

The ear is typically associated with hearing. However, it plays a much larger role in our daily functioning. The ear also helps us maintain our balance. In fact, one of the most common causes of loss of balance or dizziness is a blocked ear canal.

Dizziness can range from a brief moment of imbalance and light-headedness to a severe spinning sensation. In severe cases, it can also result in a black-out. To maintain one’s balance, the input is needed from the eyes, inner ear and joints of the feet and legs. These impulses are processed by the brain which sends out signals to other limbs and organs on what needs to be done to maintain balance. A disturbance in any one of the three inputs can cause dizziness or a loss of balance.

Which part of the ear is responsible for dizziness?
The structure of the ear can be categorized into an external part and an internal part. The external part of the ear is responsible for receiving sounds, amplifying them and forwarding them to the inner ear. The inner ear is shaped like a snail. It has two interconnected parts. One part helps convert sounds into electrical signals that can be transported to the brain while the other helps maintain balance. This consists of three balance canals.

These canals move in a different direction depending on the movement of the head. This part of the inner ear also contains 2 small components with sensory cells covered in small calcium crystals. These compartments help sense linear movements such as rocking, bouncing or swaying movements. If the crystals covering these compartments are dislodged, the person may lose his or her balance. A tumour in the inner ear can also lead to a loss of balance.

Meniere’s syndrome
Meniere’s syndrome is a disorder related to the inner ear. This is a common cause of dizziness and vertigo. Meniere’s syndrome usually affects only one ear. This is marked by an abnormal collection of fluid in the inner ear. Blockages in the ear canal, an allergy, stress, fatigue or a trauma are some of the common reasons why this fluid may accumulate in the ear. Dizziness caused by this disease is usually noticed in the first and second stage of this condition. In such cases, dizziness may be accompanied by a loss of hearing, ringing sensation in the ears and pressure in the affected ear.

5351 people found this helpful

Know How Does A Cochlear Implant Works!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Know How Does A Cochlear Implant Works!

The inability to hear can be frustrating. Thankfully, children and adults with a severe hearing loss no longer have to rely on only sign language to communicate. Cochlear implants are hearing aids that can help treat loss of hearing. Unlike the other types of hearing aids available, cochlear implants do not amplify sounds but bypass the part of the ear that does not function properly and delivers sound to the auditory nerves in the form of electrical signals. In this way, it does not restore hearing or cure the loss of hearing but allows severely deaf people to hear sounds. Also, unlike other hearing aids, surgery is required to insert the cochlear implant.

Components of a Cochlear Implant
Cochlear implants can be worn by children and adults. They can be implanted in one ear or both ears at the same time. There are two components to a cochlear implant: the internal component and the external component.

  1. Internal component: There are two internal components of a cochlear implant. These must be surgically implanted under the patient’s skin. This surgery is usually performed while the patient is under general anaesthesia. It can typically take 2 to 4 hours and one night’s hospital stay may be needed after the surgery. The first is a receiver that is located under the skin of the temporal bone. This is accompanied by one or more electrode arrays.
  2. External component: Once the incision site has healed, the external components of the cochlear implant may be put in place. The external component of a cochlear implant can be further categorized into two units: the transmitter and the small hook-like part that wraps itself around the ear. This consists of the microphone and the speech processor. A small wire links the two units together. The transmitter is usually positioned over the internal part of the device.

How does a cochlear implant work?
The microphone behind the patient’s ear picks up sounds, amplifies them and transmits them to the speech processor. The processor then analyses the sounds and digitizes them. These signals are then forwarded to the transmitter which codes them and sends them to the internal receiver through magnetic coupling. The receiver converts the codes into electrical pulses and dispatches them to the electrodes. These electrodes are inserted seep into the inner ear. When they receive the signals, they stimulate the auditory nerve. These nerves then interpret the signals as sounds.

5035 people found this helpful

Thyroid Surgery - Know Why It Is Suggested!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Thyroid Surgery - Know Why It Is Suggested!

The thyroid is a small gland located at the base of the neck. This is responsible for the production of hormones that help regulate metabolism. The thyroid is susceptible to a number of disorders including hyperthyroidism and cancer. In such cases, a thyroidectomy may be recommended. This can be categorized as a complete thyroidectomy where the entire thyroid gland is removed or a partial thyroidectomy where only a part of the thyroid is removed.

Thyroidectomy for removal of tumours
This is one of the most common reasons for a thyroidectomy. In many cases, the modules may be benign but removing the thyroid gland at an early stage ensures that these nodules do not grow large enough to obstruct the air passage in the throat. They could also cause an overproduction of thyroid hormones that in turn affects metabolism. If left untreated, these nodules may also turn cancerous. In the case of cancerous tumours, the doctor may also remove some of the surrounding tissues.

Thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces more than normal amounts of the thyroid hormone. The result of this could be an increased heart rate, tremors in the hands, excessive sweating and weight loss. In most cases, hyperthyroidism is a result of an autoimmune condition called Graves’ disease. This can be treated by a partial or complete removal of the thyroid gland.

Thyroidectomy for thyroid goitres
The thyroid gland is also susceptible to enlargement. This is known as a thyroid goitre. Goitres can block the throat passageway and cause trouble breathing and eating food. It can also affect the person’s speech. Hence, they must be removed. Thus a thyroidectomy often recommended in such cases.

How is a thyroidectomy performed?
A thyroidectomy is a relatively safe procedure. This surgery is performed under general anaesthesia and can take up to a few hours. The patient may need to be hospitalized for a few days post-surgery. The surgery can be performed endoscopically, conventionally with an incision made in the centre of the neck or with a robotic approach through incisions made in the chest or armpit. This helps avoid the visible scar on the neck. In case of a complete thyroidectomy, the patient will need hormone replacement drugs after the surgery. These drugs perform the same functions as the hormones that would have been produced by the thyroid gland. This is not needed in the case of a partial thyroidectomy.

5188 people found this helpful

Taste Disorders - Know The 3 Most Common Ones!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Taste Disorders - Know The 3 Most Common Ones!

Part of the joy of eating is in tasting the food. However, not everyone can enjoy their sense. Taste disorders affect up to 15% of the world’s population. However, many people do not recognize the signs and consult a doctor for this condition. There are many different types of taste disorders. Some people are born with such disorders while in other cases, it develops as a result of radiation therapy, infections, surgery, bad oral hygiene etc. The good news is that many of these disorders are curable once the trigger has been identified.

What is a taste disorder?

The tongue is divided into different zones which respond to different tastes such as salty, sweet, sour, bitter and umami. An inability to recognize one or more of these tastes is known as a taste disability. It is important to note that the reaction of taste-buds is relative. Thus, suddenly finding candy sweeter after eating a bland meal is not a taste disorder. While taste disorders may be common, true taste loss is rare. This is a condition known as ageusia.

Most common taste disorders are as below:

  1. Hypogeusia: This is the most common taste disorder. It is marked by the lingering of a taste even when the mouth is empty. In such cases, people also usually complain of reduced ability to taste flavours that are sweet, salty, bitter, sour etc.
  2. Dysgeusia: This is a condition that is marked by a salty, foul, rancid taste that lingers in the mouth. This may be accompanied by a burning sensation in the mouth. This condition is known as burning mouth syndrome. It is most commonly diagnosed amongst middle-aged and elderly women.
  3. Anosmia: In many cases, a lack of taste is due to an inability to smell the aroma of the food. Without being able to smell food, the taste receptors also have difficulty identifying the different flavours. One of the most common examples of this is how patients suffering from a cold complain of being unable to taste their food.

When to seek help?

If the inability to taste food persists for a long time, one should consult a doctor. This becomes necessary especially when a loss of taste causes weight loss of any other changes in the body. The doctor will identify the factor triggering the loss of taste and treat it to revive taste buds. Making a few lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking can also help treat a loss of taste.

4998 people found this helpful

When To Visit A Doctor For Throat Pain?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
When To Visit A Doctor For Throat Pain?

Viruses are the most common cause of pain in the throat or sore throat, and it is often accompanied by cold symptoms like running nose, red watery eyes, cough and sneezing. Smoking, irritants in the air and pollution are the main causes of sore throat. It becomes very difficult to swallow food in such a condition when an individual experiences pain, itchiness or irritation in their throat.

The main causes of occurrence of sore throat include:

Symptoms of Sore Throat
The Nasal passages get blocked

  • Inability to gulp down food
  • Severe pain in the throat which is followed by coughing
  • Lymph glands get swollen
  • Fever is followed by Chills

When to Visit a Doctor?
It is very important to visit your Doctor if the pain in the throat lasts for longer time, and it is accompanied by symptoms like join pain, difficulty in breathing and fever. The primary symptom of sore throat is pain in the throat and other symptoms like hoarseness and white patches on the tonsils also occur under this condition. People of all age groups can get affected with this condition, but it affects mostly children and smokers. People with weak immune system and suffering from allergies are also prone to pain in the throat.

4868 people found this helpful

Foreign Bodies In Ear/Nose/Throat - What Should You Do To Manage Them?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Foreign Bodies In Ear/Nose/Throat - What Should You Do To Manage Them?

What is a foreign body (FB)?
Foreign body or FB is an object or piece of extraneous matter that has entered the body by accident or design. It is common to see certain items getting stuck in the ear, nose or throat especially, in young children. While most of the time they do not raise an alarm, however, sometimes they can lead to severe consequences like rupture of the eardrum or even choking.

How do FBs affect ear, nose and throat?

  • Children over 9 months develop an ability to pick up objects. As they explore the environment around them, they tend to put items such as peas, beans, marbles, beads, cotton, paper, etc, in their mouth, nose or ears. A similar trend can be seen in adults with mental disorders.
  • Trauma/ fall/accident can force FBs like rock, pebbles into the ear, nose or throat.
  • Adults while riding a bike or sleeping on the ground (campsites) can have insects: flies, ants, roaches fly into the nose or ear.
  • Choking occurs when FBs block the airway, common reasons are: not chewing the food properly, diseases like Parkinsonism, drinking alcohol or certain drugs that slowdowns the process of swallowing.

Foreign bodies in the ear
Symptoms: Pain in the ear, discharge or bleeding from the ear, feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear and dizziness and nausea in extreme cases.

Management:

  • Make sure the patient is sitting in an upright position, pull the pinna or outer semicircle of the ear towards the back. This can help you see the object clearly and also loosen it to wiggle out. If you can see the object clearly, use a tweezer to grasp the object and gently remove.
  • In case a live insect gets trapped inside the ear lie down and place few drops of warm vegetable or baby oil. Use oil only if symptoms of eardrum perforation like pain, bleeding/discharge from the ear is absent.
  • Tilting the head to the affected side can facilitate gravity to dislodge the object.

Foreign bodies in the nose:
Symptoms: 
Pain and difficulty in breathing from that side of the nose.
Management: Keep the uninvolved nostril closed by pressing a finger against the side of the nose and gently ask the person to blow from the affected nostril.

Foreign bodies in the throat:
Symptoms: Choking, inability to breathe and speak 
Management: Perform Heimlich maneuver, abdominal thrusts, if trained otherwise, it is advised to call for medical help immediately.

How can you prevent foreign bodies from entering your ear, nose, throat?

  • Discourage talking, playing, laughing when food is in the mouth.
  • Do not give whole grapes, popcorn, nuts to children below 3 years.
  • Keep small objects out of reach of small children.
  • Teach children to avoid placing objects into their nose, ears.
5770 people found this helpful

5 Factors Behind Chronic Sinusitis!

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
5 Factors Behind Chronic Sinusitis!

The term sinus is usually used in reference to the cavities near the nose. If these cavities become inflamed or swollen, the condition is known as sinusitis. If this condition lasts for more than 12 weeks, it is categorized as chronic sinusitis. This leads to a buildup of mucus that can make breathing difficult. Home remedies may help relieve some of the symptoms associated with this condition but in most cases, medication is required.

Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis
Sinusitis usually affects adults but in some cases, children may be affected as well. Symptoms of this condition can be categorized as primary symptoms and secondary symptoms. In order for it to be diagnosed with chronic sinusitis, at least 2 of the primary symptoms should be present. These include:

  • Thick discharge from the nose or discharge that flows down the back of the throat. This discharge may be yellowish or greenish in colour.
  • Difficulty breathing through the nose because of nasal congestion.
  • Swelling, tenderness and pain around the nose, eyes, cheeks and forehead.
  • Loss of smell and taste in the case of adults.
  • A persistent cough in the case of children.

The secondary symptoms of this condition include:

Cause of Chronic Sinusitis
Chronic sinusitis may be caused by a number of factors. The most common amongst these are:

  1. Nasal polyps: This refers to the growth of tissue in the nasal passages that block the air path and allow mucus to build up.
  2. Deviated nasal septum: The septum is a wall that separates both nostrils. In some cases, this wall may deviate so as to block the sinus passages.
  3. Respiratory tract infections: Cold is the most common infection responsible for chronic sinusitis. Such infections can thicken the sinus membranes and block the passageway for mucus to drain out. This infection may be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi.
  4. Allergies: Allergies such as hay fever can block the sinus passages and lead to chronic sinusitis. Asthma also causes chronic sinusitis. a reaction to aspirin may also cause a blockage in the sinus passages.
  5. Other medical conditions: Medical conditions such as HIV, gastroesophageal reflux and cystic fibrosis can also cause chronic sinusitis. Patients suffering from diseases related to the immune system have a high risk of suffering from chronic sinusitis.
4870 people found this helpful

Allergic Rhinitis

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Delhi
Play video

Hello! I am Dr. Sanjay, an ENT Consultant.

Today we will have a small discussion on a very common problem which is called allergic rhinitis. So what is an allergy? Allergy is a reaction of the body to a normal substance which is usually harmless and doesn't cause any reaction in other people, but it causes reaction in some people.

What are the common allergens? The common allergens are pollens, house dust mites, smoke and perfumes. But these react only in some people. The common symptom of the nasal allergy is a runny nose, sneezing and sometimes it may cause itchiness in eyes, itchiness of the face and stuffy nose.

Common risk factors are smoking and environmental dust pollution. How do we examine these people who are having an allergy? We do it by clinical examination of the nose and the paranasal sinuses. It is very important to understand what is allergy and what are other associated problems with the allergy-like Sinusitis and chronic Sinusitis, which normally people call as sinus disease.

Symptoms of chronic Sinusitis is the person always having a headache, discharge from the nose which is causing him cough, sputum always and fever. How should we treat? We should have to investigate thoroughly by a clinical examination, nasal endoscopy examination, in some cases we require CT scan of paranasal sinuses. Once we have all these proper assessments, then we can treat the person in an effective way either with the medication or in some cases of associated complications like nasal polyps we need to treat them accordingly. Thank you!

4563 people found this helpful

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