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Sinuses are cavities in our skull behind the nose which spread out in a pattern. These cavities are lined with tissues and mucosal membranes and are essential for our breathing process. Sinusitis is a condition where the tissues within the cavities become inflamed which results in the sinus cavities being blocked due to a buildup of fluid.
What are the conditions that can lead to sinusitis?
Some of the conditions that can cause nasal polyps are explained as follows:
- Nasal polyps are small growths of tissue within the lining of the nose which may block the sinuses, resulting in sinusitis.
- Common cold is also a culprit which may result in sinusitis
- If your septum or the bridge between the holes of the nose is deviated (this condition is referred to as a deviated septum), you may be prone to developing sinusitis.
- The lining of the nose may swell in a condition known as allergic rhinitis and cause sinusitis as well.
Types of sinusitis
There are multiple types of sinusitis which may affect people and also on how long they last. The various types of sinusitis are explained below:
- Acute sinusitis: This is the most common form of sinusitis that lasts usually between 2 to 4 weeks. It starts with a cold, blocked nose and turns into facial pain that usually starts very suddenly.
- Chronic sinusitis: This is a form of sinus infection which can have a debilitating effect on your life and may last for 12 weeks or longer.
- Sub-acute sinusitis: This is somewhere between acute and chronic sinusitis and may last from anywhere between 4 to 12 weeks.
- Recurrent sinusitis: This form of sinus infections tend to be a variation of acute or sub-acute sinusitis which tends to occur multiple times a year.
Symptoms of sinusitis
The manifestation of the symptoms of sinusitis may be different from person to person and also on the type of sinusitis you are suffering from. However, there are some generic symptoms that are common to all forms which are mentioned as follows:
- Smelling senses may be dulled
- Facial pain
- Congestion accompanied by a cough
- Nose may be blocked, stuffy and may also be runny
- Other symptoms may also include bad breath, fatigue, or even dental pain
- Nasal cavity may have pus and it may drain from time to time
It is best to consult a doctor quickly, if you have been having any of these symptoms. The doctor can prescribe nasal decongestants and antibiotics which can help. If you have chronic or recurrent sinusitis, then more aggressive and advanced treatments may be required. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.
Electric pads, hot water bottles, and gel packs or moist such as damp clay packs are the common hot agents used for hot therapy.
Hie. I (35) want to consume raw turmeric daily. Can I grate it and gulp it with water. Or it needs to be chewed. Does having it everyday have any side effect? Can I give it to my sons (6) too.please guide.
I am 25 years old. Iam having cold since 3 months I have taken otc medication but not yet cured. Please tell e what may be the reason and treatment for this?
I am having issues regarding premature ejaculation during sex. Please guide me regarding the whole treatment process to improve the condition.
I am 60 years old woman. I have gotten Arogyam 1.3 blood Tests. Reports shows following highlights: Test Reading Range HBA1c 6.1 below 6 Average blood Glucose 128 90 -120 eosinophil 8.1 0-6 MONICYTES (Absolute counts) 0.17 0.2 -1 basophil (------'---do----------)0.01 0.02-0.1 Total RBC 4.98 3.9 - 4.8 Mean Corp. Hemo Conc (MCHC) 30 31.5 - 34.5 Red Cell Distribution -width (RDW -SD) 51.2 39 -46 Red Cell distribution (RDW - CV) 15.2 11.6 - 14 EST. GLOMERULAR filtration Rate (eGFR) 76 Mild Decrease creatine Serum 0.84 0.5 - 0.8 Uric Acid 7.3 2.6 - 6 Calcium 8.76 8.8 - 10.6 Total cholesterol 229 15- 200 LDL cholesterol 138 85-130 Non HDL cholesterol 180.7 <160 Testosterone 89.2 14-76 Vitamin B -12 165 211 - 911 Pl advise me the problems with my health indicators. Which Specialist Doctor we should consult in adhere West, Mumbai 400053. Thanks. Ms. Renu Suri.
If there is blood in your urine, it is a sign of renal illness. While this could be happening because of various reasons, it is advisable to see your doctor soon.
Following are the causes of blood in your urine:
- An enlarged prostate - An enlarged prostate is a common cause of the appearance of blood in the urine in men who are in their middle ages or older. Enlargement of the prostate gland causes the urethra to be compressed. This prevents the urethra from getting fully emptied while urination.
- Cancer - A cancerous kidney, bladder or prostate gland can also cause blood to appear in the urine. It is another major cause of hematuria but usually occurs in older patients.
- Infection - Infections like urethritis, pyelonephritis, cystitis or infection in any other body organ along the urinary tract is one of the most common causes of hematuria. Such bacterial infection in the urethra can also infect the kidneys and the urinary bladder. It results in the urge to urinate frequently and also causes blood to appear in the urine.
- Kidney stones and bladder stones - Another reason that can cause blood to appear in the urine is the presence of stones in the kidney or bladder. These stones are crystallized minerals that are formed in the kidney or the bladder but fail to pass through the urinary tract. They cause blockage and pain and result in hematuria.
- Polycystic kidney disease - PKD is a kidney disorder in which cysts filled with fluid form in the kidneys and impair the kidneys, causing them to fail entirely at times. It is an inherited disease and causes blood to appear in the urine.In children who are between 6-10 years of age, kidney disorder after streptococcal glomerulonephritis can be a possible cause of hematuria.