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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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Emphysema is a breathing disorder that has no cure and worsens with time. The symptoms of emphysema - a feeling of tightness in the chest, persistent cough, wheezing and breathlessness – are caused due to destroyed or impaired functioning of lung tissue.
A thorough physical examination which would include weight and blood pressure checks would be performed. The doctor would also listen to the heartbeat to determine if it sounds strange or different.
In addition to checking for the signs and symptoms of emphysema, a physical examination would also help the doctor in determining the following:
- Whether the fingertips are rounded. This condition is also known as “clubbing”.
- Whether you have a rounded or “barrel chest” which is caused by lungs that are larger than normal.
- If the lips have a blue tinge also known as cyanosis, which is a sign of low levels of oxygen in the blood.
- Signs of malnutrition as in advanced cases of emphysema the muscles slowly waste away.
Tests For Emphysema
A doctor would recommend additional tests to confirm his diagnosis of this lung condition. Some of the tests are:
- Pulmonary Function Tests or PFTs and spirometry tests would be advised to measure the volume and capacity of the lungs.
- A chest X-ray is useful to diagnose advanced emphysema as the lungs appear larger than normal in patients with this condition.
- A CT scan of the chest will show the air sacs or alveoli have been destroyed.
- The blood test report of patients with emphysema would show a high amount of red blood cells. The production of red blood cells in the body increases due to the reduced levels of oxygen.
- A pulse oximetry test also known as an oxygen saturation test could be done to measure the amount of oxygen in the blood. A monitor would be attached to the patient’s forehead, finger or earlobe to carry out this test.
- An arterial blood gas test is usually performed on patients as their condition worsens. It measures the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
- An electrocardiogram or ECG might be advised to rule out condition such as heart disease as a cause of shortness of breath.
Management and Treatment
There is no known cure for emphysema and the condition can worsen with time. Treatment will slow the speed of decline and will depend on the severity of the condition when diagnosed. Some treatment options are:
- Quit smoking to protect your lungs.
- Bronchodilator medications used to treat asthma are useful in relaxing the muscles around the airways.
- Anti-inflammatory medications reduce inflammation around the airways.
- Oxygen therapy is recommended to patients when they are not able to breathe enough oxygen from the air.
- In some severe cases, lung volume reduction surgery might be advised to relieve pressure on the muscles required for breathing and to improve the elasticity of the lungs.
Keeping your home clean and free of dust and pollutants will help to prevent respiratory infections and disorders such as emphysema. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Many diseases which we come across are actually lifestyle diseases. Some amendments in daily habits can do wonders in your day to day life.
- Never drink water or any liquid product while standing. It will cause joint pain in your later life.
Hi I am taking Novelon 21 day pill from june. Missed second last doubled with the last, break of 6 days from 2-7 july. Menses from 5-7july. New pack from 8th july. Protected intercourse but condom used thrice on 9th july (first time intercourse) Next fully protected on 14th july (last intercourse) Missed 21st july pill doubled 22nd july night. Light bleeding on 22nd july morning (breakthrough bleed or implantation bleed?) Pill ended on 28th july menses from 1-6 aug. Negative hpt at 4,5,6,7,8,11,12 weeks all negative hpt done with first morning urine with different brands. No pills or intercourse after 1-6aug. Periods due on 1st sept as it dint came did a usg and hcg beta on 8th sept (10 weeks from first and 9 weeks from last intercourse) Hcg was 0.11 and usg shows pcod (no mention of pregnancy) Dr. Prescribed deviry 2 tab for 5 days for withdrawal bleed. But after taking just a single dose bleeding started from 11-16th sept. It was heavy. On 21st sept morning when I woke up I can feel my pelvic bone in the front (can it be due to exercises like crunches leg rise etc with weight loss? I was 72 in july 70 in aug and now I am almost 68 kgs) and after continuous touching I made it hurt. Scared went for usg on 21st sept (12 weeks ftom first and 11 weeks from lasr intercourse) Usg only showed bulky ovaries with pcod. I asked him if my uterus was normal he said its absolutely normal. Usg was transabdominal. Finally ve taken an hpt with first morning urine at almost 12 weeks 6 days. And its negative. Can their still be risk of pregnancy? My menses was due on 11th October and it is now delayed by 6 days now I did not have any intercourse after 14th july. M not experiencing any pms symptoms. Moreover egg white cervical mucus is seen throughout the cycle specially last 2 weeks. M I ovulating? Moreover m gaining weight. Their is shortness of breath too. Is their any risk of pregnancy? Do I need to redo hpt or BHCG test? M I 100% safe from pregnancy?
I am 55 years old female and I still have menses. Its not stopping at my age also. I have done medical check ups and found no problems. My elder sister is 60 years and few months ago, her completed. Is there any problem with me and should I get operated? Is this have any connection with heredity. Please advise doctor!
Hello friends, I’m going to take you through a journey of letting you know what diet actually is. The word diet, or rather going to a dietician actually scares us, isn’t it? We start thinking about giving up on our favourite foods, or starvation, or fasting, the do's, the dont's, in simple terms is like just eating soups and salads, isn’t it?
So let’s see what diet actually is. If we see today’s generation, we all are multitasking. We are into so many things. The generation is very stressful, competitive, and demanding, isn’t it? There are many changes we have made to cope up with the present generation, and most important change I feel we have made is in the eating habits.
With many of us working, most of us have half of our meals outside. Just because of the simple reason we are very tired to cook, or we currently have no time to cook. So basically, we do not exercise, we eat outside food. On regular basis, if you keep eating outside food, it taxes your digestive system, which has to work really hard to actually process those toxins and throw it out of the body. And over a long period of time, it will start showing you in terms of gas, acidity, or constipation.
Apart from that, stress is a part and parcel of our life. When the stress levels are too high, we resort to unhealthy things like smoking, alcohol etc. So all this coupled up can lead to a lot of complication. As such we are seeing a lot of increase in diabetes, blood pressure, thyroid, cancer, early menopause, early puberty, early greying of hair. So is there a solution to this? I would put it as it’s not a rocket science. We all know that we should eat healthy, in the terms that our plate should be full of more of fruits, salads, proteins, and less of junk food, or rather, no junk food or packaged foods at all.
We also know that we need to exercise, and should not remain sedentary. Or even if you exercise in the gym for an hour, and sit on your chair in the office for the whole day, it’s equally dangerous. So you need to be active throughout the day. And we also know that we should be calm, quiet and less stressful.
So we all know that this is the prescription for a healthy living, but are we practising it? If we are practising it, great. If not, then we have to, it’s high time that we should ask ourselves the reason as to why? I’ll tell you what does our health depend on. The health depends on three things.
One is the energy intake, what you actually eat, the energy output, that is the amount of calories which you burn, and your metabolic rate.
Metabolic rate is an inbuilt calorie burning rate which is required for an involuntary function of the body, like for your digestion, for breathing, for respiration, for detoxification, etc. now what is the main formula of maintain a healthy weight? It’s like eat right to be healthy. Don’t go on a diet to reduce weight, but eat right. Now, what does that eat right consist of? It consists of what to eat, when to eat, and how to eat, in simple terms. Now what to eat is less of processed food and more of foods in the natural form, like raw foods. When to eat is try and have five to six meals in a day. And how to eat again is try not to eat overcooked food.
For a temporary phase, if you do it for a temporary period of time, the results will always be short-term or short-lived. To get a permanent result and not fall into the trap of yo-yo dieting, try and follow a healthy diet. Everyone is different, and there are different diets for different people. Like, ice cream may be the cure for acidity for someone, and it can be a cause of weight gain for someone. Similarly, banana can help someone reduce weight, and for others it may cause weight gain. So each one of us is different, and this calorie and the nutrient requirement varies with your age, with the stage of life you are in to, with your blood parameters, with your nutritional levels.
So don’t just follow any kind of diet blindly. Get a customized diet for yourself, and I think it’s a must to get a customized diet once in your lifetime. We at Shilp’s Nutrilife we do that, customize your diet plan, and help you stay committed to your healthy goals throughout the life.
For further information, please connect to me at Lybrate.com.