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Dr. Praful

General Surgeon, Delhi

400 at clinic
Dr. Praful General Surgeon, Delhi
400 at clinic
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My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Praful
Dr. Praful is a renowned General Surgeon in Shalimar Bagh, Delhi. You can consult Dr. Praful at Kesar Hospital in Shalimar Bagh, Delhi. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Praful on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of General Surgeons in India. You will find General Surgeons with more than 25 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find General Surgeons online in Delhi and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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AH-11, Shalimar Bagh. Landmark: Near Prabhu Dayal School, DelhiDelhi Get Directions
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Melasma - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

MBBS, P. G. Diploma in Dermatology Venerology & Leprosy (D. D. V. L )
Dermatologist, Moga
Melasma - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Melasma is a skin condition which causes discoloration and dark patches on your skin. It is more common in women than men. It is also called the ‘mask of pregnancy’ or chloasma when it is caused due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. These patches on the face are darker and symmetrical on both sides of your face. Areas of the body that are exposed to the sun for a prolonged period of time can also develop melasma. It doesn’t cause any physical complications, but it can give you an unsightly appearance.

What causes Melasma?

Doctors and researchers are still not sure what causes melasma although studies have shown that progesterone and estrogen levels tend to affect your skin leading to melasma. Some of the causes of melasma could be-

  1. Pregnancy
  2. Starting or stopping birth control pills
  3. Hormonal changes caused by underlying physical causes.
  4. Thyroid diseases
  5. Stress
  6. Prolonged exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun can also affect skin pigments (melanocytes) resulting in melasma

Symptoms of Melasma:

Brownish patches on the forehead, cheeks, chin and bridge of the nose are signs of melasma.

Treatment for Melasma:

In pregnancy, melasma usually fades on its own after you have delivered your baby.

  1. Avoid consuming birth control pills or change the medication for a change in composition of the drugs. More often than not, it’s the composition of a pill that causes melasma rather than birth control pills in general.
  2. Hydroquinone is an ointment which can be applied on the skin. This lightens the dark patches on your skin caused due to melasma.
  3. Corticosteroids and tretinoin – This medication is generally prescribed by a dermatologist to lighten the patches caused by melasma. This should be taken under a doctor’s prescription.
  4. Topical skin medicines – Medications which contain kojic acid or azelaic acid can also help reduce the brownish patches on your skin.
  5. Procedures – If medicines and creams don’t get rid of the patches, procedures such as dermabrasion, microdermabrasion and chemical peel procedures are advised. These procedures should be done under a certified dermatologist. This also prevents melasma from re-occurring in the future.
16 people found this helpful

Sir I have spend my lots of time in sun thats why my face and body complexion get dark so tell me the suggestions to doing my skin tone bright. I cant leave my field work please help me.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Sir I have spend my lots of time in sun thats why my face and body  complexion get dark so tell me the suggestions to...
Hi, Start taking nutritious, healthy food and daily yoga or some kind of exercises, it will be automatically reflected on your face. Yes, the colour which is inherited from your parents/ ancestors, cannot be changed, but you can try to get glow on your face!! Daily Regime: Apart from these, you do follow CTMP, i.e., cleansing, toning, moisturising and protection (apply liberally sunscreen with SPF-30 – a thick layer of Bakson's Suncare cream may be, 20-30 minutes before going out daily and repeat it's application after every 3-4hrs.) after washing your face daily; use the products as per your skin type. This will change the skin texture and skin tone. In case you do have tanning, apply honey with a dash of lime on your face. Eat right and healthy that too on time, relieve your stress/ tensions, sleep well, stop smoking, as this restricts blood flow to your face and leaves you with a greyish complexion. lead a healthy lifestyle! Apart from this, avoid anger, anxiety, fear which increases stress hormone in the body and subsequently makes your complexion darker! (Hormonal imbalances also plays a major role). If the dull and dark skin tone is due to any underlying ailment or diseases, need to look into the matter. Diet: -Increase your Vitamin C intake (lemon,orange,gooseberry,etc.Fruits/juices, strawberries, sweet peppers, tomatoes, cantaloupe, and green peas). - Eat more Vitamin A (nonfat milk, oysters, and egg yolks, carrots, watermelon, papaya, tomatoes, or other dark colored produce) . If you feel your skin is weak or not tight enough, that usually suggests a lack of Vitamin A. Medicine: You can also use homoeopathic cream - Medicynth's Whitch Hazel daily at night. Home remedies: Apply fresh-squeezed lemon juice to your entire face and neck. Leave it on for 10 minutes and then wash it off with lukewarm water. After this, rub cucumber slices on your skin to soften and moisturize it. Do this daily or every other day. Another option is squeeze the juice of one-half lemon and mix one to two tablespoons of raw honey in it. Apply it on your face, leave it on for 15 to 20 minutes and then rinse it off. Make a paste of 'Kasturi Manjal' (wild turmeric) with rose petals, saffron and raw milk which is very effective.
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My face becomes too much oily very soon. Lot of pimples are there on my face. Actually the thing is my hairs become too oily. So, can you suggest some medicine or stuff.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
My face becomes too much oily very soon. Lot of pimples are there on my face. Actually the thing is my hairs become t...
Hi. There are four main factors which causes acne: Oil production Dead skin cells Clogged pores Bacteria Factors that may worsen the acne: Androgen hormones, certain medications (drugs containing corticosteroids, androgens or lithium can worsen acne), dietary factors, including dairy products and carbohydrate-rich foods — such as bread, bagels and chips — may trigger acne and Stress can make acne worse. Management: Wash your face with Bakson's Facewash (wash your face with warm water only) and followed by CTMP, i.e., cleansing, toning, moisturising and protection (apply liberally Sunscreen Gel with SPF-30) after washing your face daily. Home-made remedies: - Take 1 tbsp of fuller's earth (multani mitti) + a dash of lime + bit of rosewater – apply this on your face till it gets dried up, then rinse it off. - Take 1 tsp of Alum (or fitkari), make it slightly wet with water and apply this on your wet face, spread it well; let it dry and rinse it off. Alum remove your excessive moisture or oil and it also tightens the skin's tonicity. Medication: You can take homoeopathic medicines – Berberis Aquefolium Q/ 10 drops in 1/2 cup of water/ thrice a day (and for local application as well) and Kali Brom. 200/ thrice a day – for 20 days. Use Bakson's Apricot scrub at least once a week on your nose. Oily
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Skin is why became rough in old age and bone is why became soft how to care this?

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification,Registered Dietitian
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Skin is why became rough in old age and bone is why became soft how to care this?
Apply buttermilk to skin, keep for 10 minutes and then wash off thoroughly for softening, cleansing and radiating effect.
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I am drinking ample water but still feeling dry eyes and throat and skin. What to do?

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
I am drinking ample water but still feeling dry eyes and throat and skin. What to do?
This is good, you are drinking ample water this will keep your body hydrated, but dry throat and dry skin is body constitution, for dry eyes you should use schwabe's cmd2 eye drop.
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I am female in my face has full of pimples how to remove the pimples and how to improve skin tone of the my skin please help me that please.

MD(EH)/AM/Accupressure
Acupressurist, Chandigarh
I am female in my face has full of pimples how to remove the pimples and how to improve skin tone of the my skin plea...
Dear lybrate user, at present you may apply lemon juice on the pimple for one hour daily for five days and wash it. See the results. As you know there are so many causes of pimples and there are different types of pimple as. You must mention in detail so that proper homeo remedy can be prescribed.
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My friend is 23 years old and she has a sensitive skin problem. Whatever she eats it shows on her face nxt day pimples appear on her face. So pls suggest some tips for her to get clear skin.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
My friend is 23 years old and she has a sensitive skin problem. Whatever she eats it shows on her face nxt day pimple...
Take the following treatment - 1. Take 4 tablespoon of aloevera juice with one tablespoon of honey after dinner. 2. Take 4 tablespoon amla juice + 2 tablespoon honey on an empty stomach in the morning. 3. Take chandraprabhavati 2 tablets twice a day. 4. Avoid junk, bakery & spicy food. 5. Maida is very harmful for body, so avoid it. 6. Have all your meals on time. 7. Drink lots of water 8. Fruits rich in vitamin c and green leafy vegetables help in acne.
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I am having normal skin means oily and dry how to take care it after 3 months I am going to marry.

B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition, Nutrition Certification,Registered Dietitian
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
I am having normal skin means oily and dry how to take care it after 3 months I am going to marry.
Oily skin needs a little extra care. Use aha glow face wash, tea tree toner and sunscreen daily. Apply natural face packs like multani mitti.
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Hii I have some problems in my lips. My lips colour is pink but I have started smoking my lips is black so what can I do pls suggest me.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Hii I have some problems in my lips. My lips colour is pink but I have started smoking my lips is black so what can I...
Being a homoeopath,I will suggest you a natural way to glow your lips along with a lip balm. Lemon, Sugar Lip Scrub: In a small bowl, mix in 1 teaspoon of freshly squeezed lemon juice and coconut oil. Add in and stir thoroughly 2 teaspoons of granulated sugar, a bit at a time to make thick paste of uniform consistency. If needed, you can add in more sugar. After mixing it well, you can transfer the scrub into a suitable storage container. It can be safely kept in fridge for about one week.Apply a little bit of the scrub to your lips, and scrub it in circular motion. To effectively exfoliate your lips, use a small toothbrush. Rinse your lips with warm water, and apply a LIP balm( BAKSON) on your choice.
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Dermatology Treatments for Acne scars

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Secunderabad
Dermatology Treatments for Acne scars

Possibly the most common skin problem in the world, acne is the inflammation of the skin pores when excess oil and dead skin cells clog them. Acne can manifest in many forms such as blackheads and whiteheads, and papules among others. More than the acne, the scars they leave behind tend to cause the most grief as they look quite unsightly. There are multiple modern dermatological treatments which can help you resolve this problem. Some of the treatments that are commonly used are mentioned below –

  1. Chemical Peels: This is one of the most common methods used for the treatment of acne scars. Specially mixed chemical formulations are used to dissolve away the top layer of the skin which contains most of the scars. Once the top layer goes away, the new layer of skin which regenerates doesn’t have the scars.

  2. Light Therapies and Laser Treatments: There are many types of laser and light therapies which use a focused light to burn away the top layer of the skin to regenerate it and reduce the scar. Certain specialized lasers use high-intensity pulses to treat raised acne scars specifically.

  3. Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion: One of the most popular and commonly found treatments, is dermabrasion. This method uses an electrical machine that removes the top layer of skin which is akin to sanding. However, this is a fairly invasive option and will require some time for recovery. A less invasive procedure is microdermabrasion which uses finer instruments for this purpose and tends to have lesser downtime.

  4. Dermal Filler Injections: These injections are used to plump up certain areas of skin which need to be treated. Most of them work on the principle of boosting collagen which is responsible for healing the skin. Once boosted, collagen works to fill gaps and regenerate new skin. However, most of these are temporary and only last for about a year or so.

  5. Incisions Under the Skin: Sub-cision or subcutaneous incision uses a tuned surgical probe to separate the scar tissues of acne from the normal skin. This will result in the skin to rise and thus flatten the dent of the acne scar.

  6. Autologous Fat Transfer: A form of therapy which is becoming popular very quickly, this method uses fat taken from one area of your body and injected into the scar area. This results in raising the depressed areas of the skin and flattening the scars. However, fat is easily absorbed within the body and thus the effect may diminish within some time. You may be needed to redo the procedure over regular periods.

  7. Cryotherapy: The area around the scar is frozen in a targeted manner which results in the scar tissue falling over and exposing newer skin which is smooth and devoid of scarring.

  8. Topical Creams: These are the most commonly available over the counter solutions for acne scars which help reduce their appearance. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dermatologist and ask a free question.

3062 people found this helpful

I am 18 and I am having black spots on my fingers which are appeared due to scratching. What I hv to do to remove them to make my fingers look clean.

MD - Dermatology, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
I am 18 and I am having black spots on my fingers which are appeared due to scratching. What I hv to do to remove the...
It seems you are having post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Topical moistuisers with some lightening agents containing glycolic acid etc can help.
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I have some rashes problem. I am consulting 2 or 4 doctors of skin specialist but nothing happened into this please help.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
I have some rashes problem. I am consulting 2 or 4 doctors of skin specialist but nothing happened into this please h...
Hello,skin rashes can be treated with the following medication:- 1. Take rhus tox 30, 3 drops in the morning , empty stomach. 2. Take arsenic 30, 3 drops in the night at bed time. 3. take azadirachta 1x, 2 tablets twice a day. 4. apply topi azadirachta ointment on the rashes.
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I am 26 years old. I am female. I want to become a glowing skin. please suggest me good healthy diet and skin cream for making glowing n fairer skin.

MBBS, MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Amritsar
I am 26 years old. I am female. I want to become a glowing skin. please suggest me good healthy diet and skin cream f...
For a good and glowing skin, take a proper sleep, plenty of water. Do not step out in the sun, without wearing a sunscreen. Nutritious diet rich in antioxidants (green vegetables and fresh fruits) and avoidance of stress will help. Depigmenting cream or facewash can be recommended to you for improving your condition depending upon your specific hyperpigmentation problem/ skin type.
7 people found this helpful
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I have dark circles on My face and I am used scar cream from 1week but didn't see any change. So Pl give write solution for remove dark circles on my face.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Bhavnagar
I have dark circles on My face and I am used scar cream from 1week but didn't see any change. So Pl give write soluti...
Dark circles is a symptom of udavarta (improper functions of all vaat). It's mainly due to 1) dharniya vega (urges, should b controlled, but you aren't) like chinta-stress, bhaya-fear, shoka-, krodha-short temper, maan- ego, lobha-greedy etc mental condition you should control yourself 2) adharniya vega (urges that should not be controlled, but you are controling) like sleep, urine, stool, hunger, thirst, yawn, sneeze, vomit etc. Think deeply. It's a very spiritual concept main treatment is to stop causative factor among this. So manage your sleep & time. Also there are some ayurveda medicine, lepa-cream, face treatment, or panchakarma (detoxification) will definitely help you you can use kumkumadi ointment of nagarjun pharma. It will lighten your circle.
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One month before I did a facial hair removal by threading, 2 days after pimples like appeared on my face, now I am very much annoyed with the black marks left over. What to do to remove the marks.

PG Diploma in Emergency Medicine Services (PGDEMS), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
One month before I did a facial hair removal by threading, 2 days after pimples like appeared on my face, now I am ve...
Hi apply pranacharya face glow on your face for 15 minutes then wash it with warm water. Take pranacharya b clean syrup 2-2 tsf twice a day. Take pranacharya allergin capsule 1-1 twice a day. Wash your face with chandrika soap.
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I am 22 years old I have many clots (gaanth) in hands and legs they are sometimes irritating what can I do?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
I am 22 years old I have many clots (gaanth) in hands and legs they are sometimes irritating what can I do?
It seems you have got subcutaneous nodules which we can call it lipoma. We can excise it whenever you have pain.
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I have black spots as well as pimples on my face. I used scar removed creams for 6 months but didn't see any changes. What should I do?

PhD in Alternative Medicine
Alternative Medicine Specialist,
I have black spots as well as pimples on my face. I used scar removed creams for 6 months but didn't see any changes....
Pl change life style follows simple remedy 1 wake up early 2 eat empty stomach 2 neem leaves 3 do praynam n weight exercises to that extend sweating should be out from face n body to open the pores. 4 wash face three times every time take fresh tissue for wiping. 5 don't squeeze or touch pimples 6 change cooking oil 7 if dandruff treat for 8 eat fresh fruits n green seasonal veg 9 take care for or constipation 10 keep fasting once a week long process but definitely help in long run. Good luck.
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I have red skin and red dots just after the bathing for 3-4 hours please suggest some medicines.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bangalore
I have red skin and red dots just after the bathing for 3-4 hours please suggest some medicines.
More than medicines, this is a simple problem that can be handled with home remedies. However if your condition persists despite following these recommendations for more than a month then consult a doctor. Have one bowl of fresh fruits daily. This acts as a natural coolant and a blood purifier. Start having one amla everyday - you can have dried amla or amla juice. Remember skin gets healed from within. So concentrate more on the internal remedies than the external ones. Externally apply a combination of coconut oil and sesame oil to your entire body ten minutes before having a bath. Check to see if you are allergic to the soap/shampoo that you are presently using. Make sure the water you use for bathing is not very hot - let it be warm or luke warm.
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