PCOD or polycystic Ovary Disorder is one of the most common disorders of hormones among women in the age of reproduction. It is yet not discovered why some women become susceptible to this disease and it is believed to be a genetic disorder. The word “polycystic” refers to multiple cysts and a woman suffering from PCOD has multiple cysts in her ovary. This is due to the imbalance of hormones, which don’t allow the ovary to release eggs every month and these numerous unreleased eggs present in the ovary cause it to become polycystic.read more
Me Dr. Poonam Agarwal, senior consultant obstrician and laparoscopic surgeon. Aaj me apko gharbahsay rasoli ke bare me btaungi. Ise fibroids kehte hain. Ye ek tumour hai jo gharbhashay ki diwar me hote hain. Inhe leiomyoma kehte hain. Inka size chote mattar ke danne se le kar kafi bada ho skta hai. Ye hmesha cancer produce nhi krte. Lekin rare cases me cancer ho skta hai. 16 se 50 years ki age me ye bimari ho skti hai. 35 ki age me ye bimari 40-50% ladies me dekha jata hai. Menopause tak inki badhne ki possibility rehti hai. ye menstrual cycle me bhi problem krte hain. Heavy bleeding ke chances bhi badh jate hain.
Is se ladies me anemia and kamjori ho skti hai. Ye lower abdomen me bhi problem krte hain. Frequent urination, kamar me dard and constipation ka problem bhi ho skta hai. Pregnant ladies me ye abortion and infertility ka cause ho skta hai. Maximum ladies me iska koi symptom nhi hota hai. As per research fruits and vegetables ka less intake, excessive intake of alcohol fibroid ko body me promote krta hai. Regular exercise krna important hai. Ye ultrasound and gynecological treatment ke through diagnose kia jata hai. Agar lady ko iska koi symptom nhi hai to iska treatment important nhi hai. Agar inka size badh rha hai to iska treatment jruri hai. Iska ilaj dabav and surgery se ho skta hai.
Medicines se isko control kia ja skta hai but ise khtm nhi kia ja skta. Root se khtm krne ke lia iska surgery important hai. Open or laparoscopy ke through iska treatment kia jata hai. Is treatment se taklif and pain kam hota hai or 10 din ke andar lady apna regular work start kar skti hai. Agar lady ki complete family hai to isme pura garbhashya nikalna thik rehta hai. Quki gharbhasya rehne se ye dubara problem ho skti hai. Ye operation laparoscopy ke through kia jata hai and ise myomectomy kehte hain. Is operation se bhi lady ko kam preshani hoti hai. Ye ek suggestion hai ki har ek lady apna diagnosis ek gynaecologist se kra le or fir iska treatment jrur kraye. Iski or information ke lia aap mujhe Lybarte ke through contact kar skte hain.
Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 40 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Gynaecologists online in Delhi. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment of Endometriosis
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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Patient Review Highlights
Before visiting doctor my mother has already tried couple of doctors but of no use & she was continuously in lot of pain. The moment we reached her she explained that only surgery is the ultimate solution & explained in lot of details. Post operation also she visited more than her regular visit to ensure mother is in less pain. I really recommend her for any kind of gynae issue.
She is a very friendly Dr. Gives time to her patients and explains everything very well. She helped me with my fibroid removal and pregnancy. She gave me the best advice and it's not just if the treatment is over she will forget you. You can totally rely on her advice. You and your baby are in good hands if you choose her to be your Dr. During pregnancy.
She is an amazing doctor and consultant. The way she handles her patients is amazing. When i came to her i had mo knowledge about the health measures to be taken. She has guided me alot and she always advices and cares personally and gives personal attention to all her patients
She is appreciable in her work and quickly understood my health issues an treated them very well with least pain. Before and after surgery her treatment was also amenable. I really recommend to every women for any kind of women health issues.
She is a very friendly doctor. She lists out all the possible treatments so that you can choose wisely and doesn't impose any decision on you. Her experience of many years assures you that your health is in good hands.
She has been a great motivator in my overall treatment..my conception was not possible without her valuable advise and constant guidance..
It was good..i like the way of communication and explanation of health problem...
The doctor was very friendly and helpful. Resolved all my queries with patience.
I found the answers provided by the Dr. Poonam Agarwal to be very helpful. Ver
My experience is so good because Dr is so helpful to us
Very kind. Must visit. Very knowledgeable
Polite patient knowledgeable experienced
Menstrual disorders are caused by a variety of factors and affect every woman in a different manner. In most cases, it manifests itself in the form of fluctuations in menstrual flow and irregularity in the monthly cycle. Certain disorders are not too severe and can be easily alleviated. Others are more complicated and require the immediate attention of a gynecologist.
As mentioned, there are different specific causes of different kinds of disorders resulting from a range of factors such as hormone levels, functioning of the central nervous system, health of the uterus, etc.
- Hormonal imbalance: Fluctuating hormone levels in the body have a direct impact on the menstrual cycle. These fluctuations can be caused by dysfunction in the pituitary gland, thyroid gland or adrenal gland. It can also be a result of malfunction in either or both ovaries and the secretion of hormones originating there.
- Anatomic problems: One fourth menstrual disorders are caused by problems of the anatomy. These include various gynecological issues like the presence of uterine fibroids and polyps, reduced uterine contractile strength, adenomyosis (intrusion of uterine tissue into the muscular wall of the uterus), a uterus with an excessively large surface area, and endometrial cancer.
- Clotting irregularities: Abnormality in clotting is a cause of heavy menstrual bleeding in women. It leads to exceeding blood loss from minor cuts and gashes and makes one easily prone to bruising. This may also include medical conditions such as thrombocytopenia (platelet dysfunction) and Von Willebrand disease.
- Medications and supplements: There is a wide range of medications and nutritional supplements which often cause menstrual disorders in women and lead to fluctuations in the menstrual cycle. These include medicines such as aspirin, ibuprofen, estrogen pills, etc.
- Miscellaneous factors: These are comparatively rare and require a greater degree of medical attention. It includes conditions such as cervical cancer, ovarian tumors, liver and kidney diseases, uterine infections, extreme psychological stress, obesity, etc. Incidents such as miscarriages and unsuspected pregnancies are also known to cause abnormal menstrual bleeding.
Spotting can be stated as a form of mild bleeding from the vagina. It is similar to a period, but it is much lighter and can occur in between your periods. Most women who are pregnant and are in their first trimester experience spotting. In fact, spotting is often seen as one of the early signs of pregnancy.
Spotting can happen because of any of the following reasons:
- Cysts in the uterus can cause spotting
- Though very rare, a thyroid problem can also lead to spotting
- Any infection in the cervix or uterine cancer can also cause spotting
- Lastly, hormonal imbalance can also cause spotting
What can spotting signify?
Spotting is completely normal and there is no need to be worried if it happens on account of any of the following reasons.
- Light spotting at the end of the bleeding period during the menstrual cycle is common.
- Spotting can also occur during ovulation; in fact, seeing some spots of blood when one is ovulating, is often considered as an excellent sign of fertility.
- Mild spotting can also develop after sex, especially if it is for the first time, owing to the hymen getting ruptured
- Mild spotting if one is on birth control pills is also normal.
When should you be worried?
- Spotting is an early sign of pregnancy and if you are not planning to conceive any time soon, then you must visit your gynaecologist.
- Spotting may also be a symptom of any STD, primarily Chlamydia or Gonorrhea.
- As spotting could also be indicative of cancer, it’s advisable to not delay and visit the gynaecologist immediately.
There are many questions a woman may have in mind for her gynecologist, but never asked them. Here are 15 such questions along with their solutions.
- Does my vagina smell unpleasant?: You should shower it with water and gently wipe it with a wash cloth before any test. Applying perfume makes the smell even worse.
- What to do in case the feet stink?: You should wear fresh and clean socks before going for the test and getting in the stirrup, which is a metal device for convenience of gynaecological tests.
- In case of a period, should I cancel my test appointment?: A gynaecologist is not afraid nor disgusted by blood as blood is a part of the specialist's profession. If you have heavy bleeding, you can call up the nurse for suggestions.
- What if the doctor or nurse judges my body?: Your gynaecologist does not care about your body and is more concerned about your problems and how to solve them.
- What if my legs are unshaved?: Your gynaecologist really does not care about your legs or underarms or any part of your body. Your problem is the only concern for the doctor.
- What if my shaved hair looks ugly?: As stated before, the gynaecologist is only concerned about your problem and nothing else. Use a sharp razor to prevent bumps or ingrown hair.
- What is the speculum?: It is a device used by your gynaecologist for opening your vagina in order to observe the cervix or look for infections on the vaginal wall.
- Why do I urinate in my pants if I sneeze, laugh or cough?: This is a common phenomenon for women who have given birth and is easy to treat.
- Is my vaginal discharge normal?: Having a small amount of white vaginal discharge is quite normal.
- What does the gynaecologist check inside my vagina using hands?: The bimanual exam is done using the hands to detect problems in the uterus.
- What if I do not like birth control means?: There are over 50 methods of birth control and many pills you can choose from.
- Can I ask about my sexual problems?: Absolutely yes, as it is quite an important issue.
- Can my partner or family accompany me to the test?: Yes, they can, but during the time of the test, they should leave the room.
- Can I discuss my relationship problems?: Your gynaecologist should know about any issue you are having.
- If I am having forced sex, should I tell? :Such matters should be conveyed immediately.
Hello Dr, I am feeding my baby continue. I got a big cut on my nipple. I miss using nipcare. But it's not showing so much effect. Please suggest me something better.
PCOD or polycystic Ovary Disorder is one of the most common disorders of hormones among women in the age of reproduction. It is yet not discovered why some women become susceptible to this disease and it is believed to be a genetic disorder. The word “polycystic” refers to multiple cysts and a woman suffering from PCOD has multiple cysts in her ovary. This is due to the imbalance of hormones, which don’t allow the ovary to release eggs every month and these numerous unreleased eggs present in the ovary cause it to become polycystic.
I am 24 years old and have pcos. I had irregular periods thus was under treatment for 6 months for pcos. I do exercise regularly. I had not been using medicines since november. I got periods twice in december. I am planning to have a baby. Do I need to worry about it?
Menstruation is a barometer of a women's health. Any changes in the menstrual pattern of a woman could be a harbinger of serious underlying disease and should not be overlooked. However adolescent girls are a special case where menstrual pattern is variable and much different from Adult women. It is very common for teenaged girls who have recently started menstruating to have irregular periods. This period pattern is wrongly classified as 'period problems". At the same time one needs to understand that some of the real problems like period pain in young girls are often overlooked as "normal" when they could be associated with serious medical disorders.
Although menstrual disorders are fairly common in most young women, it may have an underlying cause which can be indicative of a serious issue. Therefore, it is recommended for young women to consult a gynecologist if any difficulties arise.
Symptoms Of Menstrual Disorders (Severe)
PCOS and Menstrual Disorders
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a common reason for women to experience irregular menstrual periods. PCOS occurs when there is an excess of male hormones (androgens) in the body which hinder the production and release of eggs in the ovaries, resulting in menstruation problems. Symptoms of PCOS are acne, hair loss and weight gain. Women with PCOS are 80% more likely to suffer from fertility issues later in life. Along with that, PCOS can result in high cholesterol and high blood pressure. One serious concern for women with PCOS is resistance to insulin which leads to diabetes.
Diet and menstrual disorders
Poor diet can also lead to menstrual complications. An extremely high fiber diet can result in less frequent ovulations and therefore irregular periods. A diet which is too low in fats and fatty acid can also result in abnormal menstrual patterns.
Stress and PCOS
Young women are often prone to immense stress. Stress is one of the primary reasons for delayed periods. Stress can cause minor complications in the hypothalamus which may have consequences in the levels of hormones in the body.
The presence of ovarian cysts in the vagina may be a cause for irregular or painful periods. Endometriosis can cause heavy bleeding and extreme pain.
Hi am 26 years old women Having Pcod. Few months back due to infertility I went under through all the tests and the outcome of Infertility was that I had a cyst on my right ovary. My Dr. Put me on novelon tablets for 2 months and asked me to do a scan on my 2nd day of my period. But the chest is still prevailing there measuring 2.0 x 2.5 cm. So I am now worried if the cyst has not dissolved with the help of medicines so it might be endometriosis cyst. I have not under gone any test till now about what kind of cyst it is. But my Dr. Says it might be endometriosis cyst. So if that is the case will I be able to conceive naturally. As my left ovary is completely fine. And how can the cyst be treated. My biggest issue is conceiving. How can I conceive in this situation. Please help with your answers.
Postpartum hemorrhage is a condition where a woman may lose a lot of blood (approximately 500ml to 1000ml) from her vulva shortly after childbirth. This usually occurs within the first 24 hrs of childbirth and can even result in severe blood loss threatening the mother’s life in case the blood loss is over 2000 ml. Secondary postpartum hemorrhage can also occur until 12 weeks after childbirth and this extra care should be taken, if there is any such possibility.
Symptoms of postpartum hemorrhage:
1. Rapid increase in heart rate.
2. Feeling dizzy while standing up.
3. Increase breathing rate.
4. Feeling cold and chilly even if the room temperature is normal.
5. Sudden fall in blood pressure levels.
6. Fainting or becoming unconscious.
Causes of postpartum hemorrhage:
- Uterine atony: This is a condition in which the uterus contracts and may lead to excessive bleeding. Infection in the placental tissue can also lead to postpartum hemorrhage.
- Trauma: This is a very common cause for postpartum hemorrhage. Sometimes, the uterus (womb), vagina, cervix (passage forming the lower end of the womb) and the perineum (area between the vulva and the anus) can get injured. These areas become vascular during the course of pregnancy and may rupture in the process of childbirth causing excessive bleeding.
- Tissue: At times, the whole placenta or fetus tissue does not come out of the body after childbirth. This can lead to profound blood loss resulting in postpartum hemorrhage.
- Thrombin: This is a disorder which occurs when there is excessive bleeding when the blood fails to clot inside the body.
How can you prevent postpartum haemorrage?
- Oxytocin is a substance which is used after the delivery of the baby. This prevents postpartum hemorrhage. It can be administered in the following ways :
- As an injection which is directly injected into the blood stream.
- After delivery, breastfeeding your baby can also trigger natural oxytocin. This occurs as encouraging the baby to suckle also stimulates the nipples which release oxytocin, thus preventing postpartum hemorrhage.
- In the form of intravenous drips mixed in with important medications. IV drips can administer oxytocin along with other important fluids along with it.
- Uterine massage is also recommended to prevent postpartum hemorrhage. After delivery, massaging the uterus makes the muscles relax and contract. This reduces the risks of excessive bleeding.
A lot of women can also die due to excessive bleeding after childbirth, especially in developing countries including India. This is a cause for concern and proper care should be taken if you start experiencing these symptoms.