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When blood clot blocks one or more arteries in your lungs the condition is known as pulmonary embolism. It can cause a decrease in the oxygen levels in your blood, damage to your lungs due to sudden restrictions in the flow of blood along with adverse effects on other parts of your body. Life threatening blockage can cause death if left untreated and you should immediately contact your health care provider to get proper diagnosis. Pulmonary embolism requires various lab tests and generally requires short time to resolve.
Symptoms: The symptoms of pulmonary embolism mainly depend upon many factors pertaining to your previous medical history. Pulmonary embolism varies with the size of your lungs, the size of the clots formed in your blood, and any other underlying history of the heart or lungs. That said, pulmonary embolism has symptoms which are not similar to any two persons and will vary accordingly.
The common symptoms however may include the following and you are advised to opt for a health checkup if these are persistent in your body:
- Cough along with bloody sputum is a common symptom.
- Shortness of breath, which will become worse as the days passes by. They will appear suddenly and cause huge discomfort in breathing.
- Chest pain which may give you the feeling of a heart attack. The pain will intensify when you sit to eat or cough. Deep breath will cause problems too and will not go away easily with exertion.
- Some other symptoms include fever, excess sweat, irregular heartbeat and dizziness.
Pulmonary embolism can be diagnosed by the following methods:
- Electrocardiography (also known popularly as ECG) to measure your heart's electrical activity and functioning.
- CT plumonary angiography is gold standard for diagnosing pulmonary embolism.
- Chest x ray, which is a common and non invasive test to check your heart and lungs as well as the problems with any bones surrounding them.
- ECHO can detect secondary changes in heart due to pulmonary embolism.
Treatment of pulmonary embolism can be done with medicines if it is detected at an early stage or also if the clot is small. However, if the size of your clot is problematic and blocks the blood flow to your lungs or heart then surgery may be necessary. Open surgery and clot removal surgery are common in the treatment of pulmonary embolism and will require good regular follow up check ups. Regular leg exercises will also reduce the chances of any underlying disease and you should hence consult your doctor.
I had hair loss because of big reddish dry scales on my head for the past two years. So I consulted a dermatologist and she prescribed me" nizoral shampoo with salicylic acid ingredient" I shaved my head completely on November of last year and I have been using that shampoo for the past six months. But my hair density is too low. The lost hair doesn't grow back. In addition, I am getting a frontal receding hairline. My hair is like a V shape. It is starting to deplete more on the front side. So, I have been trying minoxidil 5 % for the past two months. But there is no much results. My hair density is increased by say 1%. But the frontal hairloss problem is yet persistent. Can you please help me with ways of increasing hair density without affecting my scalp and how to cure frontal receding hairloss?
Joint of my elbow, knee joint, and paw of my hand and feet is black with lot of dirt and difficult to wash is out just by bathing and me what to do to make them clean and make fair just like my other body parts.Please tell.
Hello sir My mom is 47 years old. My mom has so many wrinkles and black circles under eyes. How can these problem cured if possible at this old? Please help.
I have Boils, redness, itching on scortom, inner thigh and penis since 1 year. Consulted too many doctors with lots of medicine. But have got only temporary solution.
I have an uneven skin tone on my face as my face has gone dark from past 3 years. Before that I used to be fair now my face only is dark.
Skin of my palm comes out. I just don't understand what to do? Whenever I just touch the things it feels rough and tough.
Some Year before I've a glowing and whitening face. But during 1 year I am loosing my that face. So nw what can should I do to get back that face. Tell me the way. Plzzz.
I am 23 years old female, there is no glow on my face and I also ask about fair complex after 1 month I will get married so tell me solution.
Hi. I just want to know that my husband who is in saudi now his skin got dark from few days what will. The reason please. Let me. Know.
Doctor kya shadi ke baad face hair extra hair Jo hote sahi hojate hai kya pls bataye doctor pls aur bataye pcod Ke problem Keleye kya khaye doctor pls bataye.
I have a dark circle n my face looking ugle. Becose of under eye, I used cream like himalaya under eye n I taking vitamin e capsule but not effective still m facing dark circle so is there any best remedy to remove it. Plzz suggest me.
I have a piles problem. Though I do not bleed or the pain is not severe, the muscles from the the door part of my anus has grown a little for which I am a little worried about. I have problems in stool discharging. Not all days but I experience the problem for one continuous week in a month.
The chemical that gives human skin its color is called melanin, and the production of too much in one area leads to freckles, liver spots, and other patches of darker skin. These dark spots on your face, which are also called hyper-pigmentation. These can be caused by sun exposure, hormonal fluctuations, or as a side effect of certain drugs. It's not a serious medical condition, but if you have dark spots you're probably ready for brighter, clearer skin. Treating the underlying cause, using chemical peels and other treatments, and trying natural skin lightening methods are all ways you can deal with the problem.
Learn about the different types of dark spots.
Since dark spots can be caused by a number of different factors, learning about the different types will give you a head start when it comes to figuring out how to get rid of them. Here are the three different types of hyper pigmentation.
Lentigines. These are dark spots caused by exposure to UV rays from the sun. 90 percent of people over the age of 60 have them, but many much younger men and women have sun-related dark spots as well. The spots appear scattered in no particular pattern.
Melasma. This type of dark spots are caused by hormonal fluctuations. Women might see darker splotches appear on their cheeks during times when their hormones are in flux, like during pregnancy or menopause. It's also a side effect of birth control pills and hormone therapy treatments. Melasma can also occur as a result of thyroid dysfunction .
Post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation (PIH). These are dark spots that occur as a result of trauma to the skin, which can be caused by psoriasis, burns, acne, and certain skin care treatments that are hard on the skin.