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Several estimates say that 1.5 to 2 million people suffer a traumatic brain injury in India every year. To help these people get back to their old everyday routine, therapists take recourse to cognitive retraining or rehabilitation.
What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?
This kind of injury results from a severe blow to the head. It could happen because of an automobile accident, a sports injury, or a fall, an accident where you hurt your head. Alternatively, another cause of traumatic brain injury is the brain being pierced by a fragment of the skull or any sharp object. If the brain tissues are torn, bruised or if there is internal bleeding, it could lead to severe brain trauma.
The brain is the seat of your cognitive faculties. That means its purpose is acquiring, storing and processing information. It helps to carry out all of your bodily functions- from the simplest to the most complex. So, the implication of an injury to the brain can be seen in the interruption of its cognitive abilities. Traumatic brain injury is always accompanied by the following symptoms-
• Temporary or long term memory loss
• Inability to learn something new or be rational
• Problems with recollection
• Difficulty making sense of new information
• Trouble concentrating and a reduction of attention span
• Inability to comprehend abstract concepts
• Decelerated decision-making ability
• Difficulty in communicating with language
• Frequent mood swings
• Change in sleep patterns and dietary habits
What is Cognitive Rehabilitation?
When a brain injury disrupts your cognitive functions, it affects every aspect of your life. That is why you need treatment that comprises both medications to heal your injured brain tissues, as well as therapy. The aim of rehabilitation or retraining is to address the cognitive deficiency and restore your brain to its original state. It consists of sessions with a therapist where you will master certain skills and learn to enhance self-awareness.
Cognitive retraining does not have a set-in-stone approach. In fact, because of such a wide array of symptoms and the uniqueness of every injury and its effect on a person, therapy is individual-centric. Usually, cognitive therapy has two aspects-
• Restorative treatment: aims to gradually take reboot your cognitive abilities
• Compensatory treatment: this treatment will help you get a grasp of your life in the meantime as restorative treatment takes effect. It will teach you several cues and hacks to reorient yourself cognitively like using a memory notebook.
Cognitive rehabilitation is a slow and gradual therapy that will help you return to your original lifestyle after overcoming the effects of grievous brain trauma.
I have fainting phobia I faint when I give blood test or given injection or in any emotional distress such as sexual wellness classes so when recently before three months I accidentally cut my finger and fainted I developed anxiety that I might faint anywhere even in home I consulted a neuropsychiatric he said I have anxiety disorder he prescribed me cipralex 10 mg and petril 0.5 1/2 tablet I took it for 30 days and I went to preview with doctor he said to continue cipralex 10 mg and petril 0.5 full tablet and he will slowly take me of petril ,my concern is the physical symptoms of anxiety are getting better like headaches etc but my fear of fainting is still there I need some help or advice to cope with my fear or phobia when I feel slight sensation like headaches or stomach discomfort I fear I may faint.
I am 33 years old I am suffering from stress & anxiety from last 4 years and taking medicine nexito plus 2 tablets in the night but not cured, can you suggest any health supplementary for the same to cure.
Depression can affect anyone at any stage of life. Although the exact cause of depression is not known, scientists and psychologists believe that a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors are responsible for the onset of a mental disorder.
When we think of clinical depression, we usually associate loss of interest in activities, a persistent feeling of sadness, and certain behavioural changes with it. Well, depression does alter your usual habits – eating and sleeping patterns – but what’s more surprising is that it also can change your cognitive functioning.
The Link between Depression and Cognitive Functioning:
Cognitive functions refer to the mental process, which permits us to carry on a number of tasks on a daily basis. This includes memory, attention/concentration, decision-making and others. According to a new study, long-term depression can impair your cognitive skills as well as your ability to process information. It can even reduce your cognitive flexibility –the ability to adapt one’s strategies and goals to changing circumstances – as well as executive functioning – the ability to take steps necessary to get a particular job done.
• Attention/Concentration: People with depression often find it hard to concentrate or give their full attention to a particular thing. In fact, the reduced ability to concentrate is one of the major symptoms of depression. What exactly causes attention problems in depression are not known yet, but it is believed that the brain’s grey matter plays an important role in this regard.
People with bipolar depression (characterized by mood swings ranging from depressive lows to maniac highs) and unipolar depression (characterized by suicidal thoughts and slow activity) encounter concentration problems.
• Memory: Depression and memory loss are linked closely to one another. Researchers found that people with depression faced trouble when asked to identify objects that are similar or identical to the objects they had seen. This clearly indicates that depression is associated with short-term memory loss, confusion, and forgetfulness – you may not remember the details of a significant event or forget what you just ate during lunch. However, the mental disorder does not affect one’s procedural or long-term memory, which controls one’s motor skills.
• Executive Functioning: Depression impairs your executive functioning, which in turn affects your information processing ability. The impairment may come in the way of routine tasks, such as paying the bills or keeping in mind to return a phone call. Executive functioning of the brain helps us shift focus, manage time, organize, plan, and remember vital details. Executive function problems are usually critical and are more likely to occur when the individual is extremely sad, stressed, or sleep deprived.
• Decision-making: A core symptom of depression and related disorders is difficulty in making decisions. People suffering from depression tend to be indecisive or poor decision makers. The reason for this may be an attempt to minimize regrets later in life. If a person makes an active decision that leads to an unfavourable, undesired outcome, he/she feels worse and holds himself or herself responsible for the bad outcome. Delay or refusal in making a decision is a way of accepting the default option. Even if things do not turn up as expected, at least you are not responsible for the consequences.
When depression hits you, it is hard to be the best version of yourself. Living with depression is certainly difficult but with early diagnosis and treatment – psychotherapy and light therapy – one may be able to cope with the related symptoms.
Consult a psychologist right away. He/she can suggest certain measures to improve your cognitive functioning and help you get back to normal life soon.
Currently, I am taking a tablet of telma 40 for high systolic b.p but when I drink alcohol I feel heavy head and instant sleepy, drowsiness etc. Can I take alcohol and what can I do to avoid these effects? Please help?
I am getting very nervous nowadays, I sleep well but at the same time at the time of sleeping heart best gets very fast and my sleep disrupted due to this. I am taking clonafit .25 mg since 3 years as I was diagnosed with anxiety disorder but anxiety is still there. Please help me what should I do. I am losing my confidence day by day and suicidal thoughts came very often now a days.
I have ocd and mood disorder, I am on [22/03, 11: 38 pm] niraj: voxinix 100 1.0.0 clonil 10 1.0.1 becocnx lite 1.0.0 macorate cr 200 0.0.1 sulpidon 50 0.0.1 but still feeling depressed from 2-3 days, pls help.
Hi, Kya disulfiram wali koi bhi medicine khane me milakar di ja sakti hai taking patient ko pata na chale.
Going to see a mental health expert in India today is a taboo, in a country like India people avoid talking about mental health, they fear that they will be judged and mocked by society. There are some people who are not ready to accept that they are going through something traumatic due to fear that they will be judged or if it's okay to discuss their feelings to anyone.
Majority of the disorders are treatable in this modern century, with so many treatments coming up with a variety as well. It takes courage drawn from about 10 people, for one person to admit that he is not well, he is not normal; there is something wrong with his thoughts, but what some people don’t understand is that the key to curing oneself starts with the acceptance of one’s disorder. If only you accept after the consultation of the psychologist. Self-diagnosis is dangerous because the person himself is not aware of the symptoms he possesses, also the treatment is a tricky part which has to be done by a mental health expert.
A psychologist is a professional who is well aware of all the disorders and their symptoms. They can differentiate well between the symptoms of one disorder to the other. A common person on the other hand bases their knowledge based on Google and what other people say.
Whatever the discomfort or the disorder might be, some people always relate it to studies, affairs, normal tension, or the most viral and common phrase which is used widely in India that “It’s nothing”, “Probably just a normal headache” and the third one “Everything wrong seems to happen to you only”
Yes, agreed that things appear normal on the surface but what about the person who is going through trauma, the anxiety and the distress. They only are well aware of their situation and what’s going on in their head. What kind of thoughts are they bombarded with?
This article is to provide the light on the darkest days that going to a psychologist takes a lot of courage. It means that the person is accepting that something is wrong with them; it means that they want to be alright and be happy again. It takes more courage to come forth that the person who sits at the back and judges.
No one has the right to judge anyone as long as you haven’t been in the same situation as the other person. Everyone is different and are blessed with different abilities. Someone said that it is always okay when it is not happening to you.
Empathizing is a huge deal when you put yourself in that person s shoes who hasn’t slept for 2 nights, the person who is suffering day in and day out.
It’s not forbidden, it’s not something people will frown upon, because you are doing this for your own mental health. When you’ll look back you’ll see that oh I was afraid of this? Look how far I’ve come now. It doesn’t matter because it only shows that you were strong enough to withstand a storm.
Also, the people who criticize the ones who suffer, all there is to say that imagine yourself going through traumatic situations and not being able to explain what is happening or why is it happening. Imagine everyone making fun of you, making a mockery out of your misery. The grass is always greener on the outside, peep on the inside and you’ll see for yourself. Help is always provided to the ones who need it it’s just a matter of going to a mental health expert.
It’s not always that when someone suffers from a breakup has to go to a psychologist; there are other reasons as well. The spectrum of problems in a person’s life is very vast. It can regarding a woman’s mother in law, troubling children, hectic work and school life, troubles in getting along with wife, husband, sister, brother, parents, friends etc. Also, when a person suffers from long persisting headaches, when they get angry very fast when people are not able to sleep at night, and the thoughts which occur in their minds.
People want answers and want to know what they are suffering from, visiting a psychologist would be a good idea to gain knowledge and to seek answers to the questions which are there in your head. There are plenty of reasons why a person visits a psychologist, apart from the above-listed reasons career counseling is also one reason, marriage counseling, school counseling.
There isn’t any need to fear that the psychologist would judge you, they are in their seats to solve the problems of others, to help them so judging is out of the question. Also, they have their oath of confidentiality where they are not allowed to share the details and all the secrets one has shared with full trust. A person can vent out anything he or she wishes to share.
It is a taboo and a thing to be frowned upon in India, but the change begins with us. Mahatma Gandhi once said that “Change begins with you.” In the end, only you and you have the stand and make eye contact with yourself in the mirror, not the ones who mocked you, not the ones who judged you, not the ones who didn’t understand you, but just YOU.