If left untreated, migraines can linger for four hours to three days. Stop the suffering sooner by putting yourself in a migraine-soothing environment and trying various natural remedies or medications believed to help treat these throbbing headaches.
Stay in the dark room until your migraine goes away, or for as long as possible.
Wear sunglasses when necessary. If you have to be out and about and are unable to get to an area with soft light or no light, wear polarizing sunglasses to protect your eyes from the brightest parts of the light spectrum. This may not be quite as effective as spending a few minutes in a dark room, but it will usually still help.
If you cannot go to a separate room, wear noise-canceling headphones over your ears to block out external noise.
Some individuals find silence stressful or unnerving. If this is the case, run a white noise machine or air purifier in the background to provide soothing ambient sound. You could also try soothing music; however, avoid loud or exciting tunes.
Deep breathing exercises can relax the body, thereby releasing any tension that might be contributing to your migraine.
Lie on your back with a pillow below your head and a second pillow below your knees. Your legs should be somewhat bent.
Place your dominant hand on your upper chest and your other hand below your rib cage.
Breathe in slowly through your nose until your stomach pushes against your non-dominant hand.
Breathe out slowly through pursed lips as you tighten your stomach.
Keep your dominant hand still throughout the entire process.
Do this routine for about five minutes.
A cold washcloth applied to your achy head can cause the blood vessels there to contract, which slows down the rush of blood to your head.
Wet a soft, clean washcloth with cold water and place it over your forehead or on the back of your neck. Let it sit for 10 to 15 minutes. Take a 10 to 15 minute break before applying the compress again, and continue in this pattern until your migraine goes away.
Note that in some instances, however, cold temperatures can actually make a migraine headache feel worse. If the pain increases within the first 5 minutes of treatment, stop immediately and try something else.
Stand under a cold shower with the water running over the top of your head for at least 15 minutes. Give yourself a head massage while you shampoo. This helps to reduce the tensions in your body while releasing the heat from your scalp.
Lightly squeeze the excess water from your hair, but keep it damp. Do not dry your hair.
Lie down in a cool room while your hair is still damp and try to sleep for a while. You can place a towel over your pillow if you are worried about it being wet.
There are often certain foods that can trigger migraines in people; what the triggers are will vary from individual to individual. You can determine any dietary triggers you may have by recording what you ate prior to the onset of a migraine headache, and looking to see if there are any patterns over time. Common dietary triggers of migraine headache include:
Foods containing aspartame or MSG
Alcohol, Chocolate, Cheese, Salami, Caffeine.
Caffeine is a paradox when it comes to migraines. Too much can bring a migraine on, but taking a little caffeine after a migraine comes upon you can actually help the pain to go away.
Only take a small dose of caffeine: one soda, one cup of coffee, one cup of tea, or one chocolate bar is sufficient. Avoid energy drinks high in caffeine.
Note that this generally only works if your migraine was not originally triggered by caffeine.
As long as the pain has not made moving around unbearable for you, light aerobic exercise can get your blood flowing to other areas of your body and cause your migraine to vanish.
Aerobic exercise worth trying during a migraine may include brisk walking or jogging, cycling, or swimming.
As your heart pumps, your blood circulation will improve and stabilize throughout your body, causing the blood to stop rushing to your head.
Additionally, exercise is a good way to relax and get your mind off any stresses that may have triggered the migraine.
Keep a migraine diary. When a migraine comes on, make a note of the environmental conditions surrounding it. Write down sensory stimuli (bright lights, loud music, odd odors, etc.), causes of stress, dietary habits, and sleep habits. After a few attacks, review your diary to pinpoint common conditions that usually exist before a migraine comes on. These conditions are your “triggers” and should be avoided to prevent or limit future migraines.
Some home remedies you can do:
Eat jaggery with ghee. Add a teaspoon of dried tulsi leaf powder and it gets even better. Practice pranayama, especially recommended if you have migraine in which case munching grapes or licking honey to which you add turmeric and salt prove helpful. Garlic is a useful herb and in case of headaches too you can chew a couple of cloves early in the morning or make a paste and apply to your head. Asafetida is a useful elixir for headaches, use asafetida mixed in oil and applied over the forehead as well as consumed internally for relief in headaches.
All the best.