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Dr. Hema Sharma

Gynaecologist, New Delhi

Dr. Hema Sharma Gynaecologist, New Delhi
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To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. Hema Sharma
Dr. Hema Sharma is one of the best Gynaecologists in Bapa Nagar, Delhi. She is currently practising at Dr Hema Sharma's Clinic in Bapa Nagar, Delhi. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Hema Sharma on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 34 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Gynaecologists online in Delhi. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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HIV/AIDS Practice safer sex

Advanced Aesthetics
Ayurveda, Gulbarga
HIV/AIDS  Practice safer sex
Safer sex

Taking simple steps to prevent getting or spreading HIV will pay off both for you and for those you love. The only 100 percent effective way to prevent the spread of HIV through sex is to abstain — to not have sex of any kind. If you do have sex, practice safer sex methods. These are the steps you can take to help prevent HIV infection from sex:

Abstain from sex. Not having vaginal, anal, or oral sex is the surest way to avoid HIV. If you do decide to have sex, you can reduce your risk of HIV by practicing safer sex.
Get tested. Be sure you know yours and your partner's HIV status before ever having sex.
Use condoms. Use them correctly and every time you have sex. Using a male condom for all types of sex can greatly lower your risk of getting HIV during sex. If you or your partner is allergic to latex, use polyurethane condoms. If your partner won't use a male condom, you can use a female condom. It may protect against HIV, but we don't have much evidence that it does, so it is better to use a male condom, which we know has a high rate of preventing HIV infection. Do not use a male and female condom at the same time. They do not work together and can break. "Natural" or "lambskin" condoms don't protect against HIV. Condoms are easy to find, and some places give them out for free. Contact your local health department or a health clinic for information about places in your area that may give away free condoms. For instance, the New York State Health Department offers a cellphone app that can help youth find free condoms in their area.
Talk with your partner. Learn how to talk with your sexual partner about HIV and using condoms. It's up to you to make sure you are protected. Remember, it's your body!
Practice monogamy (be faithful to one partner). Being in a sexual relationship with only one partner who is also faithful to you can help protect you.
Limit your number of sexual partners. Your risk of getting HIV goes up with the number of partners you have. Condoms should be used for any sexual activity with a partner who has HIV. They should also be used with any partner outside of a long-term, faithful sexual relationship.
Use protection for all kinds of sexual contact. Remember that you don't only get HIV from penile-vaginal sex. Use a condom during oral sex and during anal sex. Dental dams also can be used to help lower your risk as well as your partner's risk of getting HIV during oral-vaginal or oral-anal sex.
Know that other types of birth control will not protect you from HIV. Other methods of birth control, like birth control pills, shots, implants, or diaphragms, will not protect you from HIV. If you use one of these, be sure to also use a male condom or dental dam correctly every time you have sex.
Don't use nonoxynol-9 (N-9). Some contraceptives, like condoms, suppositories, foams, and gels contain the spermicide N-9. You shouldn't be using gels, foams, or suppositories to prevent against HIV — these methods only lower chances of pregnancy, not of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). N-9 actually makes your risk of HIV infection higher, because it can irritate the vagina, which might make it easier for HIV to get into your body.
Get screened for STIs. Having an STI, particularly genital herpes, increases your chances of becoming infected with HIV during sex. If your partner has an STI in addition to HIV, that also increases your risk of HIV infection. If you have an STI, you should also get tested for HIV.
Don't douche. Douching removes some of the normal bacteria in the vagina that protects you from infection. This can increase your risk of getting HIV.
Don't abuse alcohol or drugs, which are linked to sexual risk-taking. Drinking too much alcohol or using drugs also puts you at risk of sexual assault and possible exposure to HIV.
Take time to talk before having sex

Talking about sex is hard for some people. So, they don't bring up safe sex or STIs with their partners. But keep in mind that it's your body, and it's up to you to protect yourself. Before having sex, talk with your partner about his or her past and present sexual behavior and HIV status, and talk about using condoms and dental dams. Ask if he or she has been tested for HIV or other STIs. Having the talk ahead of time can help you avoid misunderstandings during a moment of passion. Let your partner know that you will not have any type of sex at any time without using a condom or dental dam. If your partner gives an excuse, be ready with a response.
From lybrate: if you found this tip useful, please thank the doctor by clicking on the heart icon below. Also, spread good health by sharing this tip with your loved ones over whatsapp, facebook and other media.
40 people found this helpful

Im married and is planning for a baby now. For last 3 days I had a mixture of fenugreek, dates butter and milk as I heard it improve weight gain. Now I heard fenugreek will cause harmful effects too. Is consumption of fenugreek a problem? Will it cause any problem? Will it cause any problem for getting pregnant? What will be the probable Side effects?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Im married and is planning for a baby now. For last 3 days I had a mixture of fenugreek, dates butter and milk as I h...
Hello, Hearing is not believing. All natural foods are safe. Conception is not guaranteed by feeding practices, one has to understand that. The ovum quality is hormone dependent and not food dependent.
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4 Ways Weight Training Can Damage Your Body

MSPT (Master of Physical Therapy), BPT
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
4 Ways Weight Training Can Damage Your Body

Weight training is a method of exercise where you use either your body weight or external weight to build strength and increase muscle size. The principle of weight training centers on eccentric and concentric movements of the skeletal muscles, thus stimulating them to grow. Usually the sets, reps and the tempo of the exercise are manipulated to concentrate on size, endurance or strength.

It is important to note that certain aspects of weight training are detrimental to your body. You need to be aware of these aspects so that you can maximize your strength gains.

Here are 4 ways that weight training may harm your body are: 

  1. Warm up: Warming up before working out is very essential, as it increases blood flow in the body. It loosens up your stiff joints and elevates your heart rate. You may do basic cardio exercises, such as jumping jacks and bodyweight squats as your warm up regime.
  2. Don't push yourself too hard: Don't over exert yourself in your workouts, listen to your body and stop when you feel that you can't go on anymore. It increases the likelihood of you being injured and thus is detrimental to your health.You may try to lift heavier weights compromising on form or posture, which can lead to various muscle tears or strains.
  3. Stretch after your workout: It is very important that you stretch after your weight training workout. It aids in muscle recovery after a heavy workout and also makes the joints more mobile and flexible. Stretching also allows the tensed muscles to relax and improves posture. Lack of stretching increases chances of injuring your muscles and may put a damper on your weight training muscles.
  4. Injuries: Injuries such as pulling a muscle or injuring your joints are very common if you lift weights. It is of utmost importance that you follow proper form while working out. An example of this would be when you don't keep your spine straight while squatting, thus resulting in a slipped disc injury.
3512 people found this helpful

Hello All, I am 25 year, I got married 5 month before and would like to know about the precaution. We both are planning to take Precaution as we are not ready for child now. I want to know about DEPO PROVERA INJECTION. Is it good to take injection precaution method or I should go for any other option? Is there any side effect to use this precaution or we should go for regular pill?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Hello All, I am 25 year, I got married 5 month before and would like to know about the precaution. We both are planni...
Depo-Provera injection is quiet ok for most women with 99% success rate and a single dose provides contraception for 12-14 weeks.. But it’s not recommended for those who have unexplained vaginal bleeding,Liver disease,Breast cancer and Blood clots .But continuous usage of this injection may have few side effects also like Irregular menstrual periods, or no periods at all,Headaches ,Nervousness,Depression, Dizziness,, Changes in appetite,Weight gain,Unwanted facial and body hair,Hair loss and Loss of bone mineral density.Change in the menstrual cycle is the most common side effect. You may have irregular bleeding or spotting. After a year of use, about 50% of women will stop getting their periods. Their periods usually return when they no longer get the shots.Long-term use of Depo-Provera may lead to loss of bone mineral density, which makes osteoporosis more likely. This risk is greater if you've taken the shot for longer than 2 years, especially if osteoporosis runs in your family, you drink a lot, you smoke, or you have other risk factors for the condition. But most importantly You can become pregnant as soon as 3 to 4 months after your last shot. But it takes some women up to a year or 2 to conceive after they stop using this type of birth control. This time frame seems unrelated to how long you used the shot. Taking regular pill is a good option than this injection but again some women complain of weight gain with pills also.So the best contraceptive is CONDOMS and a knowledge of safe periods in which you can have relations without a condom without fear of pregnancy and women health will remain intact.Consult me
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Tobacco - 7 Ways it Affects Your Dental Health

BDS, MDS - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Advanced course in maxillofacial sugery
Dentist, Lucknow
Tobacco - 7 Ways it Affects Your Dental Health

Tobacco has many ill effects on the health and dental health is one of them. From dark stains to poor gum health to increased incidence of decay to the more severe oral cancer, tobacco has a very detrimental effect on your dental health. Read on know more about how harmful tobacco can be on the dental system.

  1. Brown teeth and tongue: One of the tell-tale signs of a smoker are the brown teeth and stained tongue. A dentist need not even be told that the person smokes, it just shows!! What is interesting is that these stains do not go away with a scaling, they just continue to form as long as tobacco is being put into the system.
  2. Gum disease: The oral health of a smoker is definitely not at its best. With the stains on the teeth, the gums are more prone for irritation and infection. This leads to grayish, unhealthy gums. The periodontal fibers are also affected, leading to bad breath, pocket formation and even tooth mobility in severe cases. The mouth is generally drier in comparison and so bacterial growth is more favored, further accelerating the process of gum disease and teeth decay.
  3. Dental caries: The increased amount of bacteria leads to greater incidence of dental decay. Chances of cervical decay (around the gum line) and root decay are higher in smokers.
  4. Bad breath: There are two reasons to it one is the tobacco per se and the second is the dry mouth, which leads to reduced saliva and increased bacterial growth.
  5. Impaired taste: The tongue has a constant coating too, leaving the taste buds unable to completely taste food substances. Ask any smoker a couple of questions and you would realize how they never get to enjoy and taste the food as it should be.
  6. Poor healing: Whether it is a gum disease, a tooth removal or a root canal therapy, smokers who go for dental treatment need a longer time to respond compared to nonsmokers. If smoking is continued at the same pace, then the chances of developing a dry socket with an extraction or a failed root canal therapy are quite high. There are more failures reported in success of implant in smokers as compared to non smokers.
  7. Cancer: The most dangerous and the most severe of all, cancer of the cheek, gums, lips, tongue, roof of the mouth can all happen in smokers, twice more likely in comparison with non-smokers.

Now, if all these are not good enough to kick the habit, remember this list is only for the mouth and the teeth. The whole body goes through a lot more harmful effects, and that should be a good reason to quit tobacco use in any form. If you need professional help, do not be embarrassed to seek.

3210 people found this helpful

Hello when should we take birth control pills? Should we take it immediately after intercourse or can we wait. I forgot my period date. I guess we had sex jst a week or 2 before my period and were on protection but have a small doubt about it. I want to wait for 1 or 2 week to check my period. Can I wait or is it risky. What if I get my period now and miss it next month. What happens if I take pills next month. What are the side effects of taking pills. Please help me with this.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Hello when should we take birth control pills?
Should we take it immediately after intercourse or can we wait.
I forg...
Birth control pills should be taken from the 5 th day of periods, now you have to wait for few days, and if you miss your periods then do a urine pregnancy test to confirm for pregnancy. Side effects of pills are there if taken continuously for a period of 3 to six months, like bloating, acidity, wt gain etc.
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meri age 24 hai before one month's main pregnant thi after delivery main apne pair par Khadi nhi ho pa rhi hu. 6th or 7th month se ye pair ki problem start ho gyi. What should I do?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
meri age 24 hai before one month's main pregnant thi after delivery main apne pair par Khadi nhi ho pa rhi hu. 6th or...
Homoeopathic medicine ADEL-39 Drop ( ADEL) Drink 20 drops in 20 ml fresh water 3 times daily GNAPHALIUM Q ( Dr Reckeweg) Drink 10 drops in 20 ml fresh water twice daily MAGNESIA PHOS 6X ( Dr Reckeweg) Chew 4 tab every 2-3 hrly depending on severity of pain. Report after 15 days
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Me and my gf had unprotected sex before three days. Taking unwanted 72 pill now will avoid pregnancy or it will not.

PG Diploma in Emergency Medicine Services (PGDEMS), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
Me and my gf had unprotected sex before three days. Taking unwanted 72 pill now will avoid pregnancy or it will not.
The pill is to be taken soon after unprotected sex. It should be taken preferably within 24 hours and before 72 hours or else the pill may turn useless.
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I suffered from lose motion 9-10 days ago and I took O2 medicine 6 nos. For 3 days. After that I became normal. Again today early morning suddenly I started suffering from irregular deification urge. I took a tablet for gas problem. 6-7 times already gone so far. But stool is normal in texture & colour. What should I do if it continues further?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bundi
I suffered from lose motion 9-10 days ago and I took O2 medicine 6 nos. For 3 days. After that I became normal. Again...
This is atisaar and proper medicines of herbominerals origin should be taken to flare up digestive enzymes and anti infectives to stop any accumulating mucus. Just stopping lose motions is not the full remedy but deepan, paachan, shodhan medicines may be taken for complete cure. For the time being pl take bael pulp powder with pomegranates juice or warm water. You may opt our aamnashak combo for maintaining proper defaecation and correcting digestion.
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I shaved my pubic hair and since then I have an urge to itch and the itching doesn't go away. It has been 6 days since this started. Could you please suggest any medication.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Noida
It is not mentioned about using any razor or chemical bleachers. Wash with warm water boiled with fitakari followed by massage of mahamarichadi tailum or dinesh valyadi kerum twice daily.
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My girlfriend has menses on 17 may and this month. We got sex on 14 June after half and hour she had menses. Will she got pregnant.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Hi Deepak. once a woman gets her period after an episode of sexual intercourse, it impossible for her to be pregnant. So its very unlikely thats he is pregnant.
2 people found this helpful
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Hello I am trying to conceive from last 3 months. Yesterday (before 2 days of period) I am having pink and brown spotting without clogs. What it means or indicates?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Hello I am trying to conceive from last 3 months. Yesterday (before 2 days of period) I am having pink and brown spot...
It could be implantation bleeding of pregnancy or even start of menses. If your menses does not come by 7 days then you should get urine pregnancy test done.
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Hi doc I had taken unwanted72 within 50 hrs of sex on 4 to 5th day after periods end is there is any chance of pregnancy nd when will my period will come please tel.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Hi doc I had taken unwanted72 within 50 hrs of sex on 4 to 5th day after periods end is there is any chance of pregna...
You can get pregnant as sex was far away from the ovulation date and you took the pill also. After the pill menses may come irregular for a month or so. It is likely to come early around 15-20 days in your case as it was in the first half of your cycle.
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What drug can a woman of 5 weeks pregnancy take for flu and catarrh that will not affect the baby?

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
What drug can a woman of 5 weeks pregnancy take for flu and catarrh that will not affect the baby?
Tablet cetrizine is very safe during pregnancy she can take it as many days she wants. Cough medicines are usually safe during pregnancy. Most of the time normal cough does not require any medicines. Conservative treatment like steam inhalation is usually sufficient only if there is fever you can give her paracetamol.
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Hi i am having Having Vaginal-itching for some days. Its very irritating. Can you please suggest some remedy. Married age 30.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Sexologist, Pune
it's due to fungal infection , keep private parts dry , use antifungal cream , Hive treatment also to your partner...best luck.
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I m a beta thalassemia person. And my body colour is getting yellowish day by day. Is there any natural way to overcome this? And also since few months my chest is paining.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I m a beta thalassemia person. And my body colour is getting yellowish day by day. Is there any natural way to overco...
check your haemoglobin level you are thalaseemia minor you have to take folic acid tablet but you may be having iron defeciency also
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I'm pregnant with my first child. Posterior Low lying placenta grade 1 at 23 weeks. Doctor advised me to take rest for 1 month to avoid any unnecessary bleeding. Is this normal? Any chances are there for the placenta to move up?

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I'm pregnant with my first child. Posterior Low lying placenta grade 1 at 23 weeks. Doctor advised me to take rest fo...
Yes chances are there, Rest ,avoid heavy weight lifting, scan after 1 month ,I.mefiately report to your gynecologist if bleeding or spotting pv.
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I had periods on 2nd october nd after approx. 12-14 days. I got sudden bleeding for 2 times at an interval of 3-4 days till 21st of thT month. Nd I had sex after 3 days of the last bleeding. Can you please tell me the expected date of my next periods as it has not occurred yet?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I had periods on 2nd october nd after approx. 12-14 days. I got sudden bleeding for 2 times at an interval of 3-4 day...
Hello, the mid cycle bleed could be ovulation bleed, but anyhow rule out pregnancy with a serum beta hcg test first as you were sexually active in your fertile period.
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Hi my baby is 10 months old and continue eating cerelac in the morning, rice, boiled/cooked vegetables at noon, sometimes fruit in the afternoon again cerelac in the evening but she doesn't have her food at night. Though doctor suggest to feed 4-5 times and rice twice a day. I have started poha with water/hand made breads in between. What are the essentials we can provide to keep her healthy? Her body weight is 7.5 kgs till now. At night she never wake-up to eat. If we force her that also not going to work. Please suggest, thanks.

MBBS
General Physician, Chandigarh
Hi my baby is 10 months old and continue eating cerelac in the morning, rice, boiled/cooked vegetables at noon, somet...
Whatever you are eating at home you have to introduce the baby to all those things slowly over a period of time making sure that you introduce one new thing at a time and start the next one after about two weeks so that the child gets accustomed to it and it is not necessarily to give her only boiled food you can give him normal homemade food initially in smaller quantities and then slowly increasing it also try not yo give her junk food or readymade foods you can wean the child now from cerelac to normal food.
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My wife is 8th week pregnant and now she feels or gets more gas problem now. Is because of the food diet? Or is it normal?

MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist, Dehradun
My wife is 8th week pregnant and now she feels or gets more gas problem now. Is because of the food diet? Or is it no...
Hello This is a common thing in pregnancy. Don't worry about it. Encourage her to eat healthy and avoid spicy and unhygienic food. I hope she has no vomiting and normal bowel habbits.
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