Esophageal cancer is a disease in epidemiologic transition. Until the 1970s, the most common type of esophageal cancer in the United States was squamous cell carcinoma, which has smoking and alcohol consumption as risk factors. Since then, there has been a steep increase in the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma, for which the most common predisposing factor is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). See the image below.read more
I am Dr. Arun Giri, Oncologist and today I will talk about the common causes of cancer and its prevention. As you all know that cancer is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth of cells. Certain types of cells in the body which later spreads different parts of the body. There are more than 100 types of cancers. And every year more than 82 lakh people die because of cancers. Of all cancer nearly 1/3 of the cancers are preventable.
Common causes of cancers are tobacco which is responsible for 1/4 of cancers in India. Apart from tobacco, alcohol is the 2nd most common cancer in India. Obesity and overweight are also associated with different types of cancers like breast cancer, uterine cancer. Pollution of water, air, and soil are responsible for almost 4-5 of all cancers. Excessive consumption of red meat is associated with colorectal cancer. Cancer can be prevented by stopping the use of tobacco. Regular exercises, maintaining ideal healthy body weight and routine cancer screening at an appropriate time.
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