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Dr. Anita Kumar

Gynaecologist, New Delhi

Dr. Anita Kumar Gynaecologist, New Delhi
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Personal Statement

My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Anita Kumar
Dr. Anita Kumar is one of the best Gynaecologists in Bapa Nagar, Delhi. You can consult Dr. Anita Kumar at Dr Anita Kumar's Clinic in Bapa Nagar, Delhi. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Anita Kumar on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 43 years of experience on Lybrate.com. Find the best Gynaecologists online in Delhi. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Brow Lift Surgery - Should You Use Makeup After that

M.Ch - Paediatric Surgery, DNB (ENT), MS - ENT, MBBS
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon, Hyderabad
Brow Lift Surgery - Should You Use Makeup After that

Ageing gracefully is a matter of taking care of the signs of ageing as they begin their advent over our skin, hair and body. While many people turn to the regular use of cosmetics and creams, there are others who go in for regular visits to the salon for various kinds of facials and other such methods. Yet, there are other long-term and more effective methods of dealing with these signs of ageing that may show up on the skin. With the advent of technology in this matter, we now have cosmetic surgery that can help you in dealing with these signs of ageing.

Let us find out about the brow lift surgery

What is it about

This kind of surgery is usually carried out to correct the sagging skin of the forehead, which may eventually manifest as deep wrinkles. This surgery also takes care of the surrounding area like the eyelids and the eyebrows. It has been seen that many people go in for this kind of surgery when they are getting their nose fixed with a cosmetic procedure.

Procedure of Brow lift

There are two kinds of brow lifts that one can choose from, the classic brow lift and the endoscopic brow lift. While the classic lift involves one long cut that goes from your ear level across your hairline, the endoscopic lift needs a few shorter cuts in the scalp, through which a tiny camera may be inserted for the procedure. This involves better recovery and minimal scarring as well. Before the surgery, you may be asked to limit your use of painkillers, if you happen to take them on a regular basis. The doctor will also ask you make a few lifestyle changes where you need to give up smoking, in case you indulge in the same on a regular basis.

Recovery: After the procedure, you will need to keep plenty of ice on hand so that you may apply the same to bring down the pain and bruising. There will be some amount of redness that you may experience for a few days and weeks as well. The cosmetic surgeon may also prescribe some medicated ointments for application to the incisions. You will also have to keep your head elevated with the use of pillows so that you can recover faster. Also, your doctor will instruct you on how best you can change your bandages at home.

Make up: After a brow lift, you may want to use some amount of makeup to cover up the bruising and redness. Yet, you should stay away from these harsh chemicals and too many layers of makeup in order to, give your skin enough time to recover. A light powder will be sufficient to cover up the bruises and keep your skin comfortable. Use make up only a few weeks after the surgery.

3023 people found this helpful

My friend had sex with his girlfriend yesterday without protection but ejaculated outside and today his girlfriend is having headache and feeling of vomiting is there any chance of pregnancy? Should he buy her a ipill ? Does it have any side effects ? He is very concerned about it and afraid to ask for help kindly do help.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DGO
Obstetrician, Vadodara
My friend had sex with his girlfriend yesterday without protection but ejaculated outside and today his girlfriend is...
Hello dear if intercourse takes place in third week of period and ejaculation even outside vagina carries risk of pregnancy in more than 25% cases. Second day nausea vomiting does not mean pregnancy its due to fear of pregancy. She has to wait for next period.
3 people found this helpful
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Its about 2 month that my periods has stopped, bt it's running my white discharge, and I feel some dislike to eat any dish of onion. Is it a sign of pregnancy? please answer.

International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath,
Hi mam, take tabacum 12c 2 hrly for 4 days inform me progress after week for further rx take care thanks.
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I removed iud after 1 year bec with iud I was suffering frm excessive bleeding during menstruation. But after removing I m bleeding excessively with clots. Done usg it states severe endrometrial hyperplasia. Size 26mm. I hv a question that if I m bleeding naturally than y shud I do dnc. N shud I take iron tab to maintain my haemglobin.

DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Bhavnagar
I removed iud after 1 year bec with iud I was suffering frm excessive bleeding during menstruation. But after removin...
You must undergo dnc. You have endometrial hyperplasia. So you have to have dnc done as a treatment also and send the collected material to path lab so as investigation also.
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AntiBiotic Resistance on the rise very fast

Post Graduate Diploma in Hospital and Healthcare Management, MD - Consultant Physician, Fellowship Critical Care Management
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
AntiBiotic Resistance on the rise very fast

In 5 Years, Threat Of Drug-Resistant Superbugs Doubles


A 72-year-old woman in Bengaluru consulted a hospital physician about a severe skin infection and fever. She had previously consulted a couple of general practitioners, who prescribed a course of penicillin for three days and fluoroquinolones—both antibiotics—for two days.

There was no relief.

So, the consultant ordered a culture sensitivity test of pus from the skin lesions to identify what was causing her ailment and figure out what antibiotics it would respond to.

Here’s what the report said:
Pathogen: Klebsiella pneumoniae
Susceptible to: No antibiotic
Resistant to: All antibiotics, including advanced drugs like fluoroquinolones, carbapenems and even the last resort combination usually reserved for severe cases of ICU infection, colistin-tigecycline.

With nothing to offer the patient, save a prescription for paracetamol to keep her fever in check, the doctor sent the patient home, and asked her to return after a week.

In such cases, sometimes, the body’s immunity kicks in and throws off the infection, the physician, Sheela Chakravarthy, consultant (internal medicine) at Fortis Hospital, Bengaluru, told IndiaSpend.

Sometimes, resistance to one or more drugs abates, allowing treatment to be resumed. Chances of that happening are greater at home, not in the hospital, which is a more infectious space where sepsis—a disproportionate and potentially life-threatening immune response by your body to an infection—could set in, she explained.

Most patients, however, succumb to the infection.

Chakravarthy faces situations where she has nothing to offer patients, not because they are suffering from terminal illnesses, such as some forms of cancer, but even when they present with what should be curable infections, “almost every day”, she said.

What Chakravarthy described is the consequence of rampant, inappropriate consumption of antibiotics, spurring the development of superbugs, as the recently released State of the World’s Antibiotics Report 2015 affirms.


India is fast becoming home to superbugs

Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus are three of the deadliest pathogens facing humanity, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). And India is gradually but increasingly becoming home to multi-drug resistant strains of these pathogens, according to the State of the World’s Antibiotics Report 2015.

Escherichia coli is notorious for causing food poisoning and urinary tract infections.

In 2010, 5% of Escherichia coli samples in India were resistant to carbapenems, last-resort antibiotics for bacteria that are resistant to first-, second- and third-line drugs. By 2014, 12% of E. coli samples were similarly resistant.


Klebsiella pneumoniae causes pneumonia, septicaemia and infections in the urinary tract, lower biliary tract and at surgical wound sites, to name a few.

While 29% of Klebsiella pneumonia isolates were resistant to carbapenems in 2008, this increased to 57% in 2014.

For comparison, fewer than 10% of Klebsiella pneumoniae infections in Europe are carbapenem-resistant.

Staphylococcus aureus can cause skin and soft tissue infections, bloodstream infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections. A particularly nasty strain of, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), is common in India and increasingly hard to treat.

MRSA was responsible for 40% of post-surgical site infections, according to a 2013 study by the Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Aligarh.

Between 2009 and 2014, the incidence of MRSA in India has risen from 29% to 47%.

People with MRSA are 64% more likely to die than people with a non-resistant form of the infection, according to the WHO.

How ignorance is spurring the development of superbugs

“My understanding of antibiotic is that it stops bacteria growing in body…I think amoxicillin is for throat infection.”

–An urban participant of a study of perceptions about antibiotic use and resistance among urban and rural doctors, pharmacists and public in Vellore.

Mox, short for amoxicillin, has become a household word across India.

A little knowledge, however, is a dangerous thing. It encourages self-medication, even when medicine is unnecessary, such as when people suffer viral infections—against which drugs are ineffective. Most viral fevers dissipate on their own after a few days with rest, hot fluids and a check on the fever.

Consuming too many antibiotics contributes to pathogen drug resistance.

“Resistance is an outcome of accumulated use,” said Ramanan Laxminarayan, vice president, Research and Policy, Public Health Foundation of India, and director and senior fellow, Centre for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy, US, and co-author of the State of the World’s Antibiotic Report 2015.

Indians often rely on corner pharmacists, whose knowledge of dosages may be limited.

Here’s what a rural pharmacist participant of the aforementioned Vellore study said: “Amoxicillin, 6 tablets is to be taken [for full course].”

Amoxicillin’s full course depends on the kind and severity of bacterial infection.

When an antibiotic of lower strength or fewer pills than needed is prescribed, the body cannot fully eradicate the pathogen. Sensing it has come under attack, the bacterium responds by evolving into more resilient, antibiotic-resistant strains.

But with a course of antibiotics, say generic Amoxicillin, costing about Rs 160, close to a day’s wage in many states, and a doctor’s consultation costing anywhere between Rs 100 and Rs 1,000, more than a day’s wage in most places, patients are bound to cut corners.

Another Vellore study participant summed up the situation thus: “If I have money I go to hospital. If not, I get medicine from pharmacy shop. If I get better, I stop and keep for future use.”

Stopping a course of drugs mid-way also contributes to antibiotic microbial resistance.

In a 2015 study in Chennai, 70% respondents confessed to stopping the medication when they felt better. Only 57% completed the antibiotic course.

“Less is more”: the key to preserving antibiotic efficiency

Educate health professionals, policy makers and the public on sustainable antibiotic use, says the State of the World’s Antibiotics Report 2015.

That is sensible advice.

Denmark and Sweden boast of low rates of antibiotic use and near-zero rates of antibiotic resistance because the risks of antibiotic overuse are widely known.

Instituting regulations on antibiotic use has reduced the proportion of MRSA in Europe and the US by about a fifth over the last eight years.

India requires more stringent regulations for antibiotic use.

It isn’t enough to tell physicians that they should prescribe antibiotics only when essential to cure bacterial infections. The right way is to order a culture sensitivity test, which costs money, and the patience to wait for the result.

“Patients want instant and cheap relief, and are willing to shop around for a doctor who obliges,” said Dr Himanshu Shekhar, medical director, SCI International Hospital, New Delhi.

“Some judge doctors on how fast the prescribed medicine cures. Practice pressures lead many doctors to prescribe advanced drugs, without getting a culture-sensitivity test done.”

So, it’s also not enough to have 24 advanced antibiotics, including third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins, carbapenems, and newer fluoroquinolones, under the ambit of Schedule H1 of the Drugs & Cosmetic Rules, 1945, with effect from March 1, 2014.

That means these drugs cannot be sold over-the-counter, but they are still freely prescribed.

Chakravarthy’s suggestion: “Make Schedule H antibiotics available only through hospitals and health centres.”

“Changing antibiotic usage behaviours is critical to preserve the efficacy of existing and new drugs,” proposed Laxminarayan.

India also sorely needs regulations to check antibiotic use in animals raised for human consumption, to meet the State of the World’s Antibiotic Report 2015 recommendation to reduce and eventually phase out sub-therapeutic antibiotic use in agriculture.

Sub-therapeutic use implies mixing antibiotics in animal feed to make them grow faster and to prevent infections from devastating the herd or flock.

India is among the world’s five biggest consumers of antibiotics for livestock. IndiaSpend has earlier reported increasing evidence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in animals in India, and how this impacts humans.

“Using antibiotics to make animals fatter faster is a waste of a precious resource,” said Laxminarayan.

How surgeons contribute to antibiotic resistance

Surgical antibiotic prophylaxis refers to the prescribing of antibiotics before, during and after operations to prevent infection.

Between 19% and 86% of patients in hospitals in India receive “inappropriate antibiotic prophylaxis”, according to the State of the World’s Antibiotics Report 2015. A prophylactic is preventive treatment for a disease.

Ideally, antibiotic prophylaxis should be administered as a single dose within 60 minutes of the skin incision. However, a 2013 Mangalore-based study found timing adhered to in 22% of cases in a government hospital, 64.9% cases in a medical-college teaching hospital and 80.7% of patients in a tertiary care corporate hospital.

“Smart antibiotic prophylaxis also includes choosing narrow-spectrum antibiotics to target the organism most likely to present concerns based on the kind of surgery being performed, this avoids needless exposure to antibiotics for the other microbes and helps prevent resistance,” said Vimesh Mistry, assistant professor, Pharmacology, Baroda Medical College.

Staphylococcus aureus, which lives on the skin, is most likely to cause infection during surgery. But surgeons frequently make poor antibiotic choices.

“We found appropriateness of choice of antibiotic in 68% cases and 52% compliance with the in-house prophylaxis guidelines,” said Tanu Singhal, infectious diseases specialist, Mumbai, and co-author of another study on antibiotic prophylaxis conducted in PD Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai.

Other prophylaxis inaccuracies include the unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics, inaccurate dose and inaccurate duration of prescription.

“We logged 63% accuracy in prescription duration. Surgeons tend to prescribe antibiotics for too long fearing post-surgery infection,” said Singhal.

In the trade off between protecting the patient better and increasing the risk to society of a pathogen developing resistance, surgeons are choosing the former.

Needed: A back-to-the-basics approach to health

Reducing the need for antibiotics through improved water, sanitation and immunisation is another strategy recommended in the State of the World’s Antibiotics Report 2015.

“Vaccination against pathogens such as the diarrhoea-causing rotavirus and pneumonia-causing Klebsiella pneumoniae helps curtail antibiotic demand, thereby reducing the chances of resistant strains developing,” said Laxminarayan.

In Canada, the widespread use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for pneumonia in children has reduced the incidence of pneumonia caused by strains the vaccine covers.

However, just as antibiotic usage spurs the development of superbugs, vaccination is a double-edged sword.

Canada is seeing a rapid increase in the incidence of other strains of pneumonia not protected against by the vaccine.

So, it is better to focus on the basic constituents of health.

Making available clean drinking water and improving sanitation would prevent people from getting sick in the first place. India still has a lot to do on both these fronts.

Improving individual immunity is the best bet to ward off infections, and that is also achievable by healthier eating, exercising, healthier living and the better management of chronic conditions like diabetes and asthma that increase vulnerability to infections when they are not kept in check.


Dr Himanshu Shekhar
MD,Medicine
New Delhi
+919818433208
( Above Article , with My Inputs was published in a leading Health Magazine)
2 people found this helpful

I am getting irregular periods since from 3 years .i have not consulted any doctor till now. I get itching in private parts. They are very irritating. I am getting hair fall what is The reason for this. Can you help.

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
I am getting irregular periods since from 3 years .i have not consulted any doctor till now. I get itching in private...
Please Do Sonography of abdomen, hemogram, urine routine, hormone assays Send me report on Lybrate Meanwhile Wake up early go for morning walk in greenery Do pranayam and yoga daily Do perineal and pelvic exercises daily Take salads and fruits more Take carrots and beet root juice daily Take Cap evecare by Himalaya 2 2 for 3 mths Lohasav 10 ml twice a day for 3 months Ashokarishta 20 ml twice a day for 3 months Apply divya kesh tel by Patanjali regularly Reconsult with reports.
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Hello mam my age is 25 I am girl and my weight is around 70 kg my breast is lifted down my body shape is not good because of it. please suggest me simple exercise or home remedies.

DRCH, BHMS
Homeopath, Bareilly
Hello mam my age is 25 I am girl and my weight is around 70 kg my breast is lifted down my body shape is not good bec...
Massage your breast in circular motion from down to up with olive oil, spend 15 minutes on each breast. Do exercise to strengthen your pectoral muscles. Take high protien diet.
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I am 18 years old. 15 days ago I had ovarian cyst surgery. (laparoscopic open). I am a virgin. Everyday at least 2 times I thought abut sex I wll get wet sometimes I unable to release the semen. And I am a peppermint lover. I will eat a lot will I be ok with that.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Pparmint will not affect any of your hormones nor cause any harm to u. Sexual thoughs at the age of 18 years are absolutely normal and getting wet is also normal, which suggests that your hormones are normal. Semen is released by men and not women.
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I am 26 years old now and I got married in 2016 my problem is irregular periods. We are trying to get pregnant.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Pune
I am 26 years old now and I got married in 2016 my problem is irregular periods. We are trying to get pregnant.
Use warm water for drinking,take healthy ,warm food,fresh fruits,dry fruits,take proper rest,sound sleep,do regular exercise, yoga,pranayam. Avoid- chilled water,cold drink, foods kept in fridge,oily,spicy,outside food,water, avoid late night works, travelling ,overexertion during menstruation.
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MBBS
General Physician, Kakinada
Take soya milk every day.Its very effective for post menopausal women. Your hormone levels will be good.
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Super Fact of the Day: Be careful when you sneeze!

AUTLS, CCEDM, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
Super Fact of the Day: Be careful when you sneeze!
While sneezing you can actually fracture a rib if you sneeze to hard or rupture a blood vessel in your head or neck and die.

Would you like to share this interesting fact with family or friends? go ahead and share!
438 people found this helpful

I am 23 years old. I am having PCOS, I want to loose weight to improve my condition. Can you suggest me how to loose weight easily without much diet and exercise.

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG)
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
I am 23 years old. I am having PCOS, I want to loose weight to improve my condition. Can you suggest me how to loose ...
There is no way to loose weight without diet restriction and exercise specially in pcos. Please get this clear. However there are some techniques of diet control and exercise which will help you to loose weight without much difficulty.
1 person found this helpful
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He got sex with his girlfriend. He is not sure that sperm went inside or not. What are symptoms that will decide it will leads to pregnancy or not. What are the medication you will suggest for it. It was almost 2 days ago. please reply sir.

PGD IN ULTRAASONOGRAPHY, Non invasive cardiology course, MD - Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Narnaul
The first dose of plan b (levonorgestrel emergency contraceptive) must be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex (no later than 72 hours afterward). The second dose must be taken 12 hours after the first dose. The timing of these doses is very important for this medication to be effective. Call your doctor right away if you vomit within 1 hour after taking either dose of plan b. Do not take another dose until you talk with your doctor.
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Agar periods starting ke liye medicine li jaye to fir 4-5 days ke bad me blood ko rokne ke liye konsi medicine leni chahiye. MEDICINE NAME SUGGEST.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Agar periods starting ke liye medicine li jaye to fir 4-5 days ke bad me blood ko rokne ke liye
konsi medicine leni c...
Hello, Antifibrinolytics can be opted for reducing the flow of menses in case menorrhagia is experienced.
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After how many days of missed period can you do a pregnancy test at home, & which is the best pregnancy test kit available at chemist?

DGO, MD, MRCOG, CCST, Accredation in Colposcopy
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
After how many days of missed period can you do a pregnancy test at home, & which is the best pregnancy test kit avai...
Any of the tests are sensitive soon after you have missed your periods, specially in a morning sample.
6 people found this helpful
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Hi, I am 23 year old newly married guy. My wife recently pregnant. What different stage I should go for tests. Is there a health plan for pregnant woman.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Hi,  I am 23 year old newly married guy. My wife recently pregnant. What different stage I should go for tests. Is th...
At 4 months blood tests are suggested, because prior to this women vomit and do not eat well, hb is on lower side. Get ultrasound, cbc, urine routine & microscopic and blood sugar test random. Hiv, austraia antigen for hepatitis. Rest of the tests are adviced according to reports,
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Health benefits of CHICKPEAS:

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist,
Health benefits of CHICKPEAS:

Health benefits of CHICKPEAS:

1. Control hunger

2. Reduce Cholesterol

3. Rich source of soluble fibre

4. Improve women's health

5. Control diabetes

6. Boost immune system

7. Help in good sleep

2 people found this helpful

My wife is pregnant, completely 2 months but we don't want it right now what to do?

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), PGDHHM, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Doctor -gynaecologist is the best person to help you in this situation. Please go and talk to a good gynaecologist and internet shall not help and will make you confused. Doctor has surely got the solution to your problem.
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