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We all know that the homeopathic system of medicine is side effect free, so apparently there is no harm if these medicines are not consumed in an appropriate manner. But the only issue of concern here is that the medicines would be less effective if you are not consuming them in the right manner.
So, here are a few tips that you necessarily need to keep in mind while following a homeopathic medicine course.
- Never touch the medicines: Ideally you should never touch the homeopathic medicines with your bare hands, fingers or palm. This is because touching them reduces their potency, thereby declining their efficiency. Additionally, never use printed papers which contain ink like pages torn from a book, newspapers, etc. For handling homeopathic medicine. This is because the ink may react with the medicines, thereby hampering its efficiency. Always use bottle caps or plain papers provided along with the medicines.
- Follow the thirty minute rule: This particular rule states that you should not ideally consume any food half an hour before and half an hour after consuming the homeopathic medicine dosage. This is done so that any other elements present inside the food do not react with the medicines, hence making them less effective.
- Stay away from addictive substances: Addictive behaviors such as smoking or chewing tobacco, drinking alcohol and doing drugs are considered to have a nullifying effect on the homeopathic medications that you are exposed to. Thus it is desirable not to engage in such acts, till the time your homeopathic medications continues.
- Strong smelling edibles: You can have garlic and onion with homeopathic medicine, but make sure there is a gap of one hour before you consume them, either before or after. The strong smelling edibles will not hamper the medicinal effect, if taken 1 hour before or after the medicine.
The aorta is the largest blood vessel that supplies pure, oxygenated blood to the various parts of the body. Starting in the left lower heart chamber, it takes a U-turn down to the abdominal area and then the legs. It branches as it goes down, with two main branches being the thoracic and abdominal aorta.
Thoracic aortic aneurysm, also known as thoracic aortic dissection or descending aortic aneurysm is abnormal swelling of the aorta in the chest which can rupture over a period of time. The exact cause as to why this occurs has not been identified yet. Family history does have a role to play along with smoking, and history of heart disease, identified as risk factors.
The condition is quite slow to progress and often gets diagnosed when some other disease is being investigated. There are no clear symptoms to indicate this aneurysm, other than a probable hoarseness of voice, difficulty swallowing or pain in the shoulder blades. This is often due to the pressure it exerts on the surrounding areas.
Treatment is often decided based on the overall severity of an aneurysm and the condition of the patient. In most cases, the doctor might decide to wait and watch. The patient is monitored at regular intervals to ensure no symptoms develop and the condition is under control. Every once in 6 months, a scanning can be done to ensure that the aneurysm is not growing. The idea is to prevent rupture and internal bleeding, which can be life-threatening. Thoracic aortic endovascular graft repair, often referred to as TEVAR, is the most widely used technique for definitive treatment of a thoracic aortic aneurysm.
Treatment: What happens during TEVAR is that an aneurysm is identified and isolated. An incision is made in the groin area through which a small device is placed in the aorta at the area of an aneurysm. The part of the aorta with the aneurysm is replaced with a graft, so that normal blood flow is restored. Alternately, the blood flow could be bypassed to skip the aneurysm and flow through an alternate route.
This is a minimally invasive procedure and done as an outpatient than the conventional open heart surgeries that were done earlier.
- Maintain good control over blood pressure
- Watch out for recurrence, especially if there is a strong family history
- Quit smoking
Thoracic aortic aneurysms are very rare and not easy to identify. However, given the possible complications, they require timely intervention.
Hypoglycemia is a condition that is associated with a lower amount of glucose in the body. Since glucose is the main source of energy in the body, it creates quite a few complications in the body. In a majority of the cases, this condition is associated with diabetes. Hypoglycemia, like fever, is not a disease but a disease indicator. A quick fix to keep hypoglycemia under check is to ensure that a patient intakes high-sugar food. A long-term fix involves a doctor treating a patient for the root cause.
What are the common symptoms?
The body needs a constant supply of glucose to carry out the daily function. In a case of short supply, it presents with the following symptoms:
As the condition worsens, the symptoms can aggravate to the following conditions:
- Frequent seizures b. Inability to complete daily work due to confusion
- Sudden loss of consciousness
- Problems related to vision such as blurred vision
People with an acute hypoglycemia can get a feeling of intoxication at times. Words get slurred while they talk.
What are the causes?
Glucose is one of the many sugar molecules that the body produces when it digests food. Glucose is one such sugar component and is the driver of energy. There are 2 reasons of diabetes. If the pancreas can’t produce enough insulin or the body is incapable of responding to the insulin. This results in a logjam of glucose in the body. To address the problem, intake of insulin is required. Too much of insulin intake can result in hypoglycemia. The latter can also befall if an adequate amount of food is not consumed while going through a medicine course of diabetes. Even too much of working out while consuming diabetic medicine can also result in hypoglycemia.
Other probable causes:
- Alcohol consumption- A regular drinker who eats less runs a heavy risk of suffering from hypoglycemia. This blocks the liver and the latter can refrain from releasing glucose.
- Critical illness- Hypoglycemia may occur from certain critical illnesses such as liver illness, kidney disorder, frequent starvation etc.
- Overproduction of the insulin- A tumour of the pancreas known as the insulinoma causes the body over-produce insulin.
- Hormonal deficiencies- Disorders related to the pituitary gland and adrenal gland runs a serious risk of suffering of hypoglycemia due to hormonal deficiencies.
What are the complications?
Some of the common complications of this conditions include loss of consciousness, seizures and at times even death. Frequent episodes of hypoglycemia can make a person go numb and speechless.
A doctor typically asks a patient to go for a fast of 12 hours in a hospital setting and then test the glucose level in the blood. It ensures that the body exhibits the correct symptoms of hypoglycemia. The doctor analyses the blood sample report and decides whether a person has this condition. The last and the final confirmation comes when the symptoms of hypoglycemia go away as soon as the blood sugar levels are increased.
In the case of a diabetic patient, it is necessary to ensure that a constant evaluation of the blood sugar level happens from time to time. Eating and medicine schedules need to be adhered to. Exercise too is important. All this needs to be done in consultation with the doctor.
Pregnancy is one of the most wonderful, but exhausting times of a woman's life. There are a quite a few precautions you need to take and quite a few factors you need to consider before doing anything. Take for example working during pregnancy. Working while you're pregnant can be challenging, but if you keep these do's and don'ts in mind, it can become an easy task.
Do: Get Adequate Rest
The first few weeks of pregnancy can take a toll on your body. If your sleep schedule is off, you need to fix it and sleep for the usual 8-9 hours a day. If you undertake a lot of physically strenuous work or even if have a desk job, you need to take a break as it can get very taxing for you. To avoid work-related exhaustion and stress, take frequent breaks to give your body the rest it requires. Speak to a doctor or trainer for simple stretches that will help you alleviate stress on your joints and keep you muscles relaxed.
Do: Be Smart About Your Work
Jobs that require heavy lifting must be avoided at all costs as they can give rise to severe complications during pregnancy. When you're pregnant you should also avoid work that regularly exposes you to radiation, harmful chemicals, lead and X-rays. Ask your supervisor to shift the sort of work you are doing as often it's illegal to continue working in conditions that actively harm your pregnancy.
Do: Take Multivitamins and Necessary Supplements
Work often doesn't leave you with enough time to take good care of yourself. You may end up skipping meals due to a hectic work schedule, which can lead to vitamin and mineral deficiencies. To keep the worst effects of this kind of a lifestyle at bay, make sure to take your multivitamins and supplements religiously and regularly.
Do: Be Super Hygienic
It is extremely important to maintain high standards of personal hygiene and sanitation during your pregnancy. This becomes even more important if you work in an environment that exposes you to infectious diseases, raw meats and children. Keep a hand sanitizer with you at all times, and make sure you don't ingest anything that has come into contact with contagions.
Don't: Go For Long Stretches Without Eating
Keeping your stomach empty during pregnancy can have a lot of unwanted effects ranging from bloating, acidity and gas to nausea and vomiting. Have a light breakfast and keep snacking on small portions of nutritious food throughout the day. Also, ensure that you maintain optimum fluid intake. The regular 8-10 glasses of water a day is an absolute must.
Don't: Be stressed
Stress during pregnancy can have damaging effects on your and your baby's health, severely affecting the physical and mental development of your unborn child. Avoid taking on extra work for the duration of your pregnancy. Lighten your workload as much as you can and make sure to take meditation and baby-safe yoga classes to keep your stress in check.
As long as you take these simple precautions, you can continue to work throughout your pregnancy. So, remember to follow these guidelines to ensure a safe and healthy experience for both you and your growing baby.
It is important for you to know how pregnancy affects your thyroid gland. The thyroid hormone plays an important role during pregnancy in the development of the baby and also regarding the health of the mother. If you suffer from thyroid problems during pregnancy, you should take medicines and certain thyroid function tests.
How pregnancy affects normal thyroid function?
The pregnancy hormones known as human chorionic gonadotropin or hCG and estrogen lead to increased thyroid hormone levels in your blood. The hCG made by the placenta stimulates the thyroid to produce excessive hormones. Increased estrogen leads to higher levels of the thyroxine binding globulin, which transports the thyroid hormone in the blood.
Because of these normal hormonal changes, thyroid function tests are difficult to perceive during pregnancy. The thyroid hormone is very important for the normal development of a baby’s nervous system and brain. During the first trimester of pregnancy, the foetus depends on the supply of thyroid from the mother via the placenta.
In healthy women, the thyroid enlarges during pregnancy. An enlarged thyroid can indicate a thyroid disease, which should be diagnosed immediately. Thyroid problems are difficult to diagnose during pregnancy because of the increased hormone levels, increased thyroid size, fatigue and other factors.
Hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Hyperthyroidism may occur in pregnancy because of Graves’ disease where enough thyroid hormones are not produced. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the cells and organs of the body instead of fighting bacteria or viruses. With Graves’ disease, an antibody is released by the immune system called the thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin or TSI. This causes the thyroid gland to produce excess thyroid hormone. In many cases, the antibody is also associated with eye problems like bulging, irritation and puffiness. Graves’ disease commonly appears during pregnancy, but women with this disease from before may actually observe improvements in the symptoms during the second and third pregnancy trimesters. The remission or the disappearance of the symptoms of Graves’ disease may occur due to the general suppression of the immune system, which occurs during early pregnancy. The disease is likely to recur and worsen in a few months after the delivery. It is important for pregnant women with Graves’ disease to be monitored carefully.
Hypothyroidism during pregnancy may lead to a developmental delay in the child. Sometimes, hormone therapy is given to women who are at the borderline stage in thyroid function during pregnancy or just before pregnancy. The treatment of the condition aims at maintaining a proper and balanced thyroid hormone level in the body.
While planning a vacation,one should be extra cautious of maintaining their weight and staying fit . While on holiday , few simple things can be used to maintain yourself. This includes avoiding to choose meal plan as one tends to overeat as its already paid ; carry some healthy snacks to avoid local unhealthy food ; try physical activities like walking and trekking. Moreover one should use in-house facilities like gymnasium and pools to stay healthy and fit.
When it comes to children, especially babies, milk is the most important source of nutrition. During the initial years of growth, it is commonly recommended that the baby fed breast milk because it contains the correct mixture of calories as well as nutrients. Breast milk is extremely beneficial for the overall growth of the baby.
If both the parents are in favour, mother's milk can be substituted with cow's milk after the child turns 2-year-old. However, most often parents feel hesitant to make the shift to cow's milk because of the circulation of a number of myths.
Myths about Cow's Milk-
- It is bad for the heart as it increases the chances of cardiovascular disorders.
- Cow's milk will make you fat. Whether you decide to have skim milk or whole milk, the amount of consumption will determine if you are going to put on weight.
- Milk is inflammatory. Quite the contrary, because milk provides protection against inflammation, so those who suffer likely do so because they are lactose intolerant or have allergies.
These myths, needless to say, are not true entirely and the benefits of cow's milk are enormous.
- Source of Calcium - Cow's milk contains calcium, which is very important in the development of bones, muscle growth and teeth. Cow's milk is also a good source of vitamin D, which aids further in the absorption of calcium. Sufficient amount of vitamin D and calcium help in the formation of strong bones and reduces the chances of fractures arising out of osteoporosis or osteomalacia in the later phase of life.
- Helps in Growth - Cow's milk is a natural source of growth factors similar to insulin as well as growth hormones.
- For the Heart - Cow's milk comes enriched with a good amount of healthy fats that aid in keeping the blood pressure under control. Cow’s milk, which contains calcium will not only help in the formation of strong bones but also lower in the chances of hypertension. This is done by keeping the vessels of blood elastic.
- Pack Up on Proteins - Cow's milk comes packed with protein that gives a nice blend of amino acids.
- Vitamins - Cow's milk is loaded with vitamins that include retinol and vitamin B complex. Vitamin A helps in the well-being of the eyes and vitamin B ensures the good functioning of the nervous system as well as the brain.
The nutritional benefits of cow's milk are numerous. It is the best substitute for breast milk in the developing years of your child so it is time you debunk the myths associated with it. However, if your child suffers from lactose intolerance, then it is better to consult a paediatrician.
Addiction is a very common problem. It may be for alcohol, drugs, nicotine or tobacco. Medicines are given to manage physical symptoms. Then there is something called behavioral addiction.
Hi. M 27 years old. N married. I took regestrone before one day of starting date of period. N thrice a day. Only two days I had took. Last was on 10 December morning. Still I did not get period. It will work or not. Or m pregnant. Tell me dr.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Overview:
Arthritis can affect the quality of life of the affected in multifold ways. Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis can affects the spine. Pain and stiffness that runs from the neck to the lower back are the symptoms of this disease. This is an inflammation that can cause chronic pain and even lead to disability. Deformity too can be caused as the pain in the spine can lead to the formation of a new bone. It is not the only the neck and lowers back region that experiences the terrible pain, but even the other parts of the body are affected by this condition.
When affected by this condition, inflammation occurs between the vertebrae. This can also affect the joints in a few people. This can limit the movement of the affected. This disease often begins in early adolescence. When the spine becomes rigid, one can start seeing the changes. The changes can start at any point of time when the disease ranges from mild to severe. Over time, the affected also get a stooped posture. The disease is more common in Native Americans, and milder in women.
Ankylosing Spondylitis Symptoms:
1. Pain and arduousness: It is usual to experience the numbness, pain and stiffness in the back, buttocks and in the hips. When the symptoms exist for more than 3 months, the condition is moving from mild to severe. This usually begins in the lowest part of the spine, called the sacrum.
2. Bony fusion: the Abnormal joining of bones is called bony fusion, and ankylosing spondylitis can lead to this overgrowth of bones. This can occur in major joints like the neck, hips, or back. The affected starts losing efficiency in performing the daily chores. In severe cases, the affected will also find it very tough to take a deep breath.
3. Pain in tendons and sinews: The ligaments and sinews attached to the bones can be affected by ankylosing spondylitis. The inflammation of tendons called tendonitis is often on the cards. The pain and stiffness beneath the area of the heel can be experienced. This specific condition is called Achilles tendon. The back of the ankle is also affected, and the patient often finds it difficult to walk.
4. Other symptoms: This disease is systematic, and this is why the pain and discomfort are not related to certain areas only. Affected people can experience symptoms like fatigue, fever, eye inflation, problems in heart and lungs, and loss of appetite.
5. Weight loss, early morning stiffness, and anaemia are some of the symptoms experienced.
6. Inflammation in the bowels and heart valve inflammation too are experienced as this is an inflammatory disease
Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis:
The exact cause for this disease is not yet clear. Doctors point fingers at the genetic susceptibility. But, it is also be understood that not all who are affected by this disease carry the gene HLA B27. The major point is that people who carry this gene, have the higher risk of a hit by this type of arthritis. The risk percentage is higher by 10 to 20%.
What is risk factors Ankylosing Spondylitis:
If one carries the HLA B2 protein, the chances of getting affected are higher. The same is the case when one or more family members are affected by this disease. The symptoms are often seen beginning at the age of 20 to 40 years. This is also common in men, and women are rarely affected by this condition.
How to diagnosed Ankylosing Spondylitis?
1. The diagnosis for ankylosing spondylitis is done through various ways. One of the major ways the doctor might identify the disease in the presence of the symptoms. Hence, it is important for the patients to ensure all the pain and discomfort experienced in different parts of the body should be intimated to the doctor.
2. A physical examination is carried out by the healthcare professionals to identify the inflammation. The doctor also might ask to move and stretch the limbs, to identify the affected areas. Restricted movements often unveil the disease.
3. X-rays are taken to notice the inflammation in the neck and the pelvic region. This screening offers a clear picture of the inflammation in various joints.
4. The chest breathing examination is carried out to check if the condition has an impact on the lungs and causes difficulty in breathing
5. The blood tests and other lab tests are also suggested by the doctor to check for anaemia, and other possible disorders that are associated with this condition.
6. Urinalysis is also recommended by the doctors. This is because the inflation can also affect the function of the kidney. This can be checked at the right moment with the urine sample test done at the lab.
Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis:
It has to be understood that ankylosing spondylitis has no cure. It can be treated to ensure that the discomfort and pain are reduced. The movement functions can be improved to ensure that the patient can do the daily chores with ease. The stiffness and pain are the major problems with the condition, and these can be eradicated to a great extent by this treatment. The goal of the treatment is also to prevent further damage and help retain a good posture. Proper treatment, methods help the affected to lead a fairly normal life, without having to depend on others. A team of doctors are involved in the treatment plan. Doctor, occupational therapist, ophthalmologist, who treats eye disease, gastroenterologist, who treats bowel disease, physiatrist, who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation, and a physical therapist, who provides stretching and exercise programs are present in the team.
1. Physical and occupational therapy: it is important to opt for these therapies at the initial stages to ensure that deformity is not formed. These therapies are given by trained professionals, who suggest a range of exercises specific to your needs and help in improving the functions, and also keep off from forming deformities due to reduced movements. For instance, a stooped posture can be corrected or prevented with the occupational and physical therapy.
2. Exercises: Exercises improve the daily functioning of the individuals, and help in proper posture maintenance. Apart from the exercise schedule the occupational therapist and the physical therapists suggest, the doctors can also suggest a list of exercises that can help in promoting deep breathing. When done regularly they can immensely help a lot. An exercise that is considered to be the best is swimming. For those, who cannot swim, the other options are yoga poses that help in improving the breathing pattern without any trouble.
3. Medications: Drugs are the important part of the treatment plan for ankylosing spondylitis, for they alone offer the much demanded instant relief from pain and stiffness caused by this disease. These drugs also ensure that the patients can do the exercises to improve the condition without facing much discomfort. Else, carrying out the daily chores too can be strenuous for the patients. The anti-inflammatory drugs that do not involve the use of steroids are often prescribed for this disease. A few examples are aspirin and ibuprofen. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) like methotrexate (Rheumatrex) can be used when the condition is not mild, but severe. This is because the NSAIDs are not enough to control the inflammation. Other FDA approved drugs like certolizumab pegol (Cimzia), golimumab (Simponi Aria, Simponi), infliximab (Remicade), and infliximab-day (Inflectra), a biosimilar to Remicade, and secukinumab (Cosentyx), etanercept (Enbrel), etanercept-szzs (Erelzi), a biosimilar to Enbrel, and adalimumab (Humira), adalimumab-atto (Amjevita), a biosimilar to Humira,too are prescribed currently. The chronic back pain can also be dealt with a few anti-depressants.
4. Surgery: When the inflammation has affected the hips and waist joints very much, a joint replacement surgery is done. This has to be decided by the doctor, and various factors can be responsible for the doctor going against the same.
Apart from the treatment options, there are certain do’s and doughnuts that are instructed by the doctors to live with this condition.
1. Smoking exacerbates the condition. In many diseases, smoking can see to be aggravating the complications, and it is the same in the case of ankylosing spondylitis too. Smoking can impact inflammation. So, the patients are restricted from smoking.
2. Sleeping on the firm bed is a must. Too soft mattresses can aggravate the pain. Sleeping on the back is what the patients are supposed to do. It is also advised not to use large and soft pillows. Very thin pillows or cotton bed sheets can be folded under the head. This is because the neck fusion can be triggered by using large pillows.
3. Propping legs on pillows is another thing the patients are restricted to do. This is because, in the bent position, hip and knee fusion can result.
4. The tables, chairs and other work surfaces should be in such a degree that the stooping posture should not be encouraged.
5. Using armchairs is a good option, for they offer ample of support to the arms and shoulders.
6. Jumping, falling, and dancing can cause severe damage in the severe cases of the disease. The patient should take immense care in such cases.
Prevention of Ankylosing Spondylitis:
It is not easy to prevent ankylosing spondylitis. In fact, it is near to impossible. Majorly because the cause is unknown, the prevention is also yet to be known. However, if there are 1 or more family members diagnosed with this condition, then it is a good option to find the risk chances. Yearly health checkups can help in avoiding this condition. Leading a sedentary life too can add to the chances of getting affected by this condition. So, involving physical activities, and doing regular exercises can prevent this disease to a certain extent. Exercises can help in improving the flexibility, and in people who are very active, the symptoms are identified soon, making it easy to get treated even at the initial stages. It is also essential to stay off from smoking and tobacco. Even when not diagnosed with any form of arthritis, these substances can increase the risk factor and aggravate the condition. Eating a healthy diet is also recommended. This inflammatory disease can also lead to inflammation of the heart. So, when adding the junk and fatty foods, the heart can lose its efficiency sooner. A healthy diet can cut out the risk by half.
Complications of Ankylosing Spondylitis:
1. Fusion of the spine can lead to a curvature, which is called kyphosis. This can lead to a stooped posture when ankylosing spondylitis is left over time untreated.
2. The pain is often felt in the groin area when the hi; tp and shoulder joints are affected. This is called referred pain, which can be felt in the thighs too. This can have an impact on the occupational front of the patient too.
3. In most severe and rare cases, the heart’s electric functioning is also affected. This is because of the inflammation of the heart valves. A pacemaker must be brought in to ensure the proper functioning of the heart in such cases.
4. In 10% of the cases, the joints near the jaws are affected. This can lead to the problem not able to open the jaw fully to eat.
5. In the case of a few patients, the eye inflation can affect the quality of life, in case proper treatment is not given on time.
Myth #1: Ankylosing spondylitis affects only runs in families: only the risk factors high, and doesn’t mean it cannot occur to someone who has none in the family affected by this disease.
Myth #2: Exercises can prevent the occurrence: While exercising can keep symptoms at bay for long, and help in easy diagnosing at early stages, it does not guarantee to stay far from this disease.
Myth #3: Women are not affected: the risk factor for women is low. Men are affected 2 to 3 times higher but do not mean, women are spared by this disease.
It is not easy to lead a normal life with ankylosing spondylitis. It takes immense determination to fight this progressive disease. Sticking to medication and active lifestyle can only help to live with this disease.